A Railway Collision
|A Railway Collision|
|Directed by||Walter R. Booth|
|Produced by||Robert W. Paul|
|Paul's Animatograph Works|
|Running time||22 secs|
A Railway Collision (also known as A Railroad Wreck) is a 1900 British short silent drama film, directed by Walter R. Booth and produced by Robert W. Paul. The film depicts a stretch of single-track railway running through mountainous terrain on an embankment above a lake and a yacht. A goods train passes a signal, stops and begins reversing back up the track. A fast express train comes out of a tunnel in front of the goods train, on the same track. The two trains collide head-on and plunge down an embankment. It was one of a number of sensationalist "trick films" made at Paul's Animatograph Works, his studio in Muswell Hill in north London, and represents one of only a very small number of surviving films by Paul.
Production and premise
Frederick A. Talbot, writing in 1912, records that "the scene of the accident was a field, in which the scenery was erected with considerable care, and a long length of model railway track was laid down, while the trains were good toy models." According to Michael Brooke of BFI Screenonline, it "is one of the earliest examples of this technique in practice". Brooke notes that "unlike some of his other films of the period, Booth does not attempt to enhance the effect by intercutting obviously full-scale material, though his successors would undoubtedly have added a shot inside a carriage full of screaming passengers."
Despite the contrived nature of the scenario and the basic nature of the model work, viewers appear to have found its depiction convincing. Talbot comments that "many people marvelled at Paul's good fortune in being the first on the scene to photograph such a disaster. They were convinced that it was genuine." He calls the film "forty of the most thrilling seconds it is possible to conceive" and praises it for rendering a disaster that was "perfect in its swiftness and wreckage; and the cinematograph film images being less sharp and decisive than those obtained by a hand camera, the illusion was conveyed very convincingly."
The film was a commercial success and was widely pirated in the United States. It was only 40 feet (12 m) long, as it was designed to be played with a Kinetoscope, a type of early motion picture exhibition device designed to enable one individual at a time to view a film through a peephole viewer window. However, A Railway Collision proved so popular that it was adopted for the cinematograph, allowing larger audiences to view it. It had a lasting influence, attracting numerous imitators, and the technique of using model trains to represent real ones was used in many subsequent British films.
- Paul, Robert W. (1967). "Kinematographic Experiences". In Fielding, Raymond. A Technological History of Motion Pictures and television. University of California Press. p. 46.
- Christie, Ian (2005). Abel, Richard, ed. Encyclopedia of Early Cinema. Taylor & Francis. p. 510. ISBN 9780415234405.
- Barnes, John (1997). The Beginnings of the Cinema in England, 1894–1901. University of Exeter Press. p. 12. ISBN 9780859895224.
- Talbot, Frederick A. (1912). Moving Pictures: How They are Made and Worked. J. B. Lippincott Company. p. 205.
- Brooke, Michael. "A Railway Collision". BFI Screenonline Database. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- Sears, Roger (2003). Making pictures: a century of European cinematography. Aurum. p. 30. ISBN 9780810943858.