A Star Is Born (1976 film)
|A Star Is Born|
Theatrical release poster
|Directed by||Frank Pierson|
|Produced by||Jon Peters
|Written by||Frank Pierson
William A. Wellman
John Gregory Dunne
|Music by||Kenny Ascher
|Distributed by||Warner Bros.|
A Star Is Born is a 1976 American rock music musical film telling the story of a young woman, played by Barbra Streisand, who enters show business, and meets and falls in love with an established male star, played by Kris Kristofferson, only to find her career ascending while his goes into decline. It is a remake of two earlier versions – the 1937 version was a drama starring Janet Gaynor and Fredric March, and the 1954 version was a musical film starring Judy Garland and James Mason. This version was the highest-grossing of the three films.
Esther Hoffman, an aspiring singer/songwriter, meets John Norman Howard, a famous, successful and self-destructive singer/songwriter, whom, after a series of coincidental meetings, she finally starts dating. Believing in her talent, John gives her a helping hand and her career begins to eclipse his.
Writer and director Frank Pierson, in his New West magazine article "My Battles With Barbra and Jon" summarized it this way:
"An actress is a little more than a woman, an actor a little less than a man (Oscar Wilde) ... The woman in our story is ambitious to become a star, but it is not necessary: it can make her happier and richer, but she could give it all away and not be a better or worse person. With stardom she is only a little more than a woman. For the man, his career is his defense against a self-destructive part of himself that has led him into outrageous bursts of drunkenness, drugs, love affairs, fights and adventures that have made him a legend. His career is also what gives him his sense of who he is. Without it, he is lost and confused; his demons eat him alive. That's why he is a little less than a man. And it is not that her success galls him, or that she wins over him; the tragedy is that all her love is not enough to keep alive a man who has lost what he measures his manhood with; his career."
And so the conclusion is measured by the theme. He takes his life in the mistaken belief that he will then not drag her down with him.
- Barbra Streisand as Esther Hoffman
- Kris Kristofferson as John Norman Howard
- Gary Busey as Bobbie Ritchie
- Paul Mazursky as Brian Wexler
- Joanne Linville as Freddie Lowenstein
- Oliver Clark as Gary Danziger
- Venetta Fields as One (of the Oreos)
- Clydie King as Two (of the Oreos)
- Sally Kirkland as Photographer
- Marta Heflin as Quentin
- Rita Coolidge as Herself
- Tony Orlando as Himself
- M. G. Kelly as DJ Bebe Jesus
- Uncle Rudy as Mo
- Susan Richardson as Groupie (uncredited)
- Robert Englund as Marty (uncredited)
- Maidie Norman as Justice of the Peace (uncredited)
- Martin Erlichman as Manager (uncredited)
Directed by Frank Pierson, the film updates the original story and screenplay of William A. Wellman and Robert Carson with additional contributions by Pierson, John Gregory Dunne and Joan Didion. It also features Gary Busey and Sally Kirkland. Venetta Fields and Clydie King perform as Streisand's backing vocalists "The Oreos". Kristofferson's wife Rita Coolidge and Tony Orlando appear briefly as themselves.
The earlier films had portrayed the behind-the-scenes world of Hollywood film making. However, this version adapted the story to the music business. For example, the 1937 and 1954 films each portrayed the lead female character winning an Academy Award, while the 1976 version depicted the heroine winning a Grammy Award instead.
A Star Is Born was co-produced by Streisand and her then-partner Jon Peters for Barwood Films and Warner Brothers with Peters as the main producer and Streisand as executive producer. Among the actors considered for the male lead were Neil Diamond and Marlon Brando. Both Streisand and Peters wanted Elvis Presley for the role: they met with Elvis and discussed the film, and he was interested in taking on the part, thinking it would revive his film career. Elvis' manager, Colonel Tom Parker, insisted that Elvis have top billing and asked for a substantial sum of money for the role, even though he had not had an acting role since 1969, and people were unsure of what kind of box office draw he would be, which effectively ended Elvis's involvement with the project. Parker also did not want to have Elvis portrayed as having a show business career that was in decline. This in fact was far from the truth, with Elvis playing to packed auditoriums wherever he toured in the States. Diamond, who knew Streisand and had attended high school with her at Erasmus Hall High School in Brooklyn, was also very seriously considered but had to decline due to his extensive concert commitments - he was at the time, just as he is today, one of the biggest concert performers in the world - and Kristofferson later got the part of John Norman Howard.
The film cost around $6 million to produce. Its soundtrack album was also an international success reaching number 1 in many countries and selling nearly 15 million copies worldwide. It featured the ballad "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)", which became one of the biggest hits of Streisand's career, spending three weeks at number one in the United States, and peaking at number three in the United Kingdom. The filming locations included many in Arizona such as downtown Tucson, Tucson Community Center, Sonoita and Tempe.
Streisand's character's (Esther Hoffman Howard) clothing was straight out of Streisand's own closet. The actual credit reads: Miss Streisand's clothes from... her closet.
The film won the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Evergreen" with the award shared by its songwriters, Streisand and Paul Williams, and was also nominated in the categories of Best Cinematography (Robert Surtees), Best Sound (Robert Knudson, Dan Wallin, Robert Glass and Tom Overton) and Original Music Score (Roger Kellaway).
It won five Golden Globe Awards for Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy, Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Streisand), Best Actor – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy (Kristofferson), Best Original Score (Paul Williams and Kenny Ascher) and Best Original Song, (Streisand and Williams for "Evergreen").
In the two previous versions, Gaynor and Garland were each depicted on screen as winning an Oscar, yet neither won for their film in real life (though Gaynor won an Oscar before, as did Streisand). In this film, Streisand is instead depicted as winning a Grammy, and in real life the film's song "Evergreen" won her both a Grammy (for Song of the Year) and an Oscar.
According to at least one Streisand biography[vague], unhappy with a few of Frank Pierson's scenes, Streisand later directed them herself (a claim also made for 1979's "The Main Event"), adding to the rumors that she and Pierson clashed constantly during production.
In 2006, the Region 1 DVD was released in North America in Dolby Digital 5.1 sound with extras including a full length commentary by Barbra Streisand, 16 minutes of never before seen and additional footage and the original wardrobe test. In 2007 the Region 2 DVD with the same extras was released in Germany. In 2008 the Region 4 DVD was released in Australia, the content of which appears to be the same as the Region 1 edition. The DVD has yet to be released in any other region.
Warner Bros. released the film worldwide on the Blu-ray format on February 6, 2013.
|A Star Is Born|
|Soundtrack album by Barbra Streisand|
|Recorded||1975 to 1976|
|Producer||Barbra Streisand and Phil Ramone|
|Barbra Streisand chronology|
|Singles from A Star Is Born|
|The Village Voice||D+|
The soundtrack to the movie, performed by Barbra Streisand and Kris Kristofferson, was successful, holding the number-one spot on the Billboard 200 chart for six weeks and eventually was certified 4x platinum by RIAA for more than 4 million copies with a reported 15 million copies worldwide in the liner notes of the Streisand's album Release Me. The import version of the CD adds the Spanish version of Evergreen as a bonus track.
The track listing of the album is as follows:
- "Watch Closely Now" (Paul Williams, Kenny Ascher) – 3:49
- "Queen Bee" (Rupert Holmes) – 3:55
- "Everything" (Rupert Holmes, Paul Williams)– 3:50
- "Lost Inside of You" (Barbra Streisand, Leon Russell)– 2:54
- "Hellacious Acres" (Paul Williams, Kenny Ascher) – 2:58
- "Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" (Barbra Streisand, Paul Williams) – 3:04
- "The Woman in the Moon" (Paul Williams, Kenny Ascher) – 4:49
- "I Believe in Love" (Music by Kenny Loggins, Lyrics by Alan Bergman, Marilyn Bergman)– 3:13
- "Crippled Crow" (Donna Weiss)– 3:30
- "Finale: With One More Look at You/Watch Closely Now" (Paul Williams, Kenny Ascher) – 7:43
- "Reprise: Evergreen (Love Theme from A Star Is Born)" – 1:46
- "Evergreen (Love theme from A Star Is Born)"- (Spanish version)- 3:05-(Import version only)
It should be noted that the songs that appear on the soundtrack are in some cases alternate (live) and studio recordings that do not appear in the film.
Charts and sales
|1977||Billboard 200||1||4,000,000||4 x Platinum|
|UK Album Chart||1||300,000||Platinum|
|Australian Album Chart||3||140,000||2 x Platinum|
|Canadian Album Chart||1||500,000||5 x Platinum|
|Norwegian Album Chart||10|
Wings over America by Wings
|Billboard 200 number-one album
February 12 – March 25, 1977
Rumours by Fleetwood Mac
The Muppet Show by The Muppets
|UK Albums Chart number one album
July 2–9, 1977
The Johnny Mathis Collection
by Johnny Mathis
- "A Star Is Born, Box Office Information". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- Pierson, John (15 Nov 1976). "My Battles with Barbra and Jon". New West (New York City, New York, United States: New York Magazine Co.): 27–43.
- Filming locations for A Star Is Born Internet Movie Database
- "IMDb Pro : David Winters Business Details". Pro.imdb.com. April 5, 1939. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "A Star is Born". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved April 1, 2012.
- "A Star Is Born :: rogerebert.com :: Reviews". Chicago Sun Times. Retrieved May 27, 2012.
- "The 49th Academy Awards (1977) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved October 3, 2011.
- A Star Is Born – Review Allmusic
- Christgau, Robert (February 14, 1977). "Christgau's Consumer Guide". The Village Voice (New York). Retrieved April 14, 2013.
- "RIAA: A Star Is Born -4 x Platinum Certification". www.riaa.com. Retrieved November 17, 2012.
- "Number 1 Albums – 1970s". The Official Charts Company. Archived from the original on February 9, 2008. Retrieved June 24, 2011.
- "ARIA Charts - Accreditations - 2000 Albums". ARIA. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
- "CRIA Charts - Accreditations - Barbra Streisand Albums". CRIA. Retrieved March 11, 2013.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to A Star Is Born (1976 film).|
- A Star Is Born at the Internet Movie Database
- A Star Is Born at the TCM Movie Database
- A Star Is Born at AllMovie
- A Star Is Born at Rotten Tomatoes
- Records/A Star is Born Barbra Streisand Archives
- "My Battles With Barbra and Jon", New West magazine article by director Frank Pierson
- The Village Voice article on the making of the film