A Taste of Blackberries
|Author||Doris Buchanan Smith|
|Awards||ALA Notable Children's Book, Georgia Children's Author of the Year, Georgia Children's Book Award, Georgia Author of the Year, Josette Frank Award, Zilveren Griffel|
Background and reception
When Doris Buchanan Smith set out to find a publisher for A Taste of Blackberries, many children's editors found its main theme too dark. It's theme, and Smith's realistic approach, involving a young child's first grief experience, was groud-breaking for its time. Although death had been a common theme in children's literature of the Victorian era, think Oliver Twist, mortality had been conspicuously absent from the genre for half-a-century when, in 1952, E. B. White introduced the theme to a new generation with Charlotte's Web.
In the United States, around 1970, literary realism had begun to take hold in children's books, and Doris Smith was at the vanguard of the movement, which acquainted young readers with "the darker, harsher side of life." According to author and blogger Pauline Dewan; "Many writers believe that authors do not help children by sheltering them from the problems of the real world." Indeed, Smith found that most of the children she spoke with about A Taste of Blackberries actually liked it "because it was sad." Smith's use of realism, whereby animals do not stand-in for humans, departed dramatically from Charlotte's Web. The latter had generally been accepted as the template for addressing mortality in children's literature. In an interview, published in the Dictionary of Literary Biography, Smith recalled that she never intended to pen a tragedy. What had begun as an adventure story took a tragic turn, making the author so uncomfortable that she quit writing the book. Smith returned to the project, deciding to focus on the differences in the ways children and adults respond to mortality, telling the story from the point of view of the child.
After being rejected by as many as three publishers, A Taste of Blackberries was accepted by HarperCollins, and released in May, 1973 to wide acclaim. "Smith deals honestly and emphatically with the range of emotions," wrote Cynthia Westway in The Atlanta Journal, "the story is not, however, an elegy; but a celebration of the continuity of the life-death cycle." In the Times Literary Supplement, David Rees wrote, "It will be difficult to find a children's book this autumn by a new author as good as Doris Buchanan Smith's A Taste of Blackberries . . . Smith's success lies in knowing how to handle the theme with exactly the right balance of sensitivity, humour and open emotion." Scholastic, Inc. praised Charles Robinsons' illustrations, saying they "capture the loneliness and confusion expressed by the narrator with haunting precision."
As told from the point of view of the unnamed narrator, the story begins as he and his best friend Jamie go blackberry picking. We follow the boys as they take part in a series of exploits - some told in current narrative time, some revealed in poignant flashbacks - allowing the reader to witness their world and shared experience. When one of the boys tragically dies as a result of an allergic reaction to bee stings, the narrator struggles to cope with denial, grief, guilt, and loneliness, before coming to terms with the loss. The story is set in a suburb of Washington, D.C., the author's birthplace.
- Jamie is a "show-off and a clown". While he can be exasperating, his adventurous and resourceful nature earns the admiration of his best friend.
- The narrator, Jamie’s appreciative audience and partner in fun, enjoys their friendship, even if, at times, Jamie can go too far.
- Heather, with red-gold hair, is the closest friend of both Jamie and the narrator.
- Jamie's mother cares for a family of three, including Jamie, four-year-old Martha, and an infant son.
- The narrator's mother and father care for the narrator and a college-age daughter who is away at summer camp as a counselor. They also have a son who is grown and married.
- Mrs. Houser, Jamie's next door neighbor, is tyrannical when it comes to her perfect lawn. The children in the neighborhood avoid her, and her lawn, if they possibly can.
- Mrs. Mullins' "secret garden" is off limits to most of the children in the neighborhood. The narrator feels privileged to be an exception, mainly because Mrs. Mullins and his mother are friends.
"In dealing directly with the death of a child's playmate, it broke a taboo of twentieth-century American children's fiction," wrote Hugh T. Keenan, in the St. James Guide to Young Adult Writers. British author, lecturer and reviewer David Rees drew parallels between Charlotte's Web and A Taste of Blackberries in The Marble in the Water: Essays on Contemporary Writers of Fiction for Children and Young Adults (1980). He writes that "in A Taste of Blackberries we do have a story for young children in which death - sudden and inexplicable - is the main theme, and it is a book in which the characters are not talking animals." "The chief purpose of the book," Rees argues, "is to write about death in a fashion that young readers can take, and in this Doris Buchanan Smith succeeds admirably." "These two authors are saying things that are necessary, and which help children to cope and to grow." A Taste of Blackberries is "one of the seminal children's books on the subject of death."
Doris Buchanan Smith won the Josette Frank Award, for "outstanding literary merit in which children or young people deal in a positive and realistic way with difficulties in their world and grow emotionally and morally," the Georgia Children’s Book Award, the Children's Best Book Prize in the Netherlands (Zilveren Griffel), and Smith was named Georgia Author of the Year, all for A Taste of Blackberries. In addition to 19 English language editions, the book has been translated into Dutch, Danish, French, Spanish and Japanese. A Taste of Blackberries was nominated for the prestigious Newbery Medal in 1974, and is an ALA Notable Children's Book.
Jim Trelease declared in The Read-Aloud Handbook (Penguin Books, 2006), that A Taste of Blackberries "blazed the way for the many other grief books that quickly followed, but few have approached the place of honor this one holds."
- Derrick, Henry (14 August 2002). "Obituaries: Hayesville, NC: Doris Buchanan Smith, 68, Wrote for Adolescents". Atlanta Journal-Constitution. pp. P.C6. Retrieved 19 April 2011.
- "Doris Buchanan Smith". St. James Guide to Young Adult Writers. Gale Biography In Context. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Scherer, Sally (18 April 1996). "Author of Children’s Books Found Success by Breaking Rules". The Macon Telegraph.
- Lois Rauch Gibson; Laura M. Zaidman (Winter 1991). "Death in Children's Literature: Taboo or Not Taboo?". Children's Literature Association Quarterly 16 (4): 232–234. doi:10.1353/chq.0.0855. Retrieved 30 August 2012.
- Habich, John (December 1980). "She tells kids the bitter and the sweet". Tallahassee Democrat.
- Dewan, Pauline. "Children’s Literary Classics: The Realistic Genre". Retrieved 29 October 2012.
- Davis, Jingle (December 10, 1978). "A Realist in Children's Books". The Atlanta Journal.
- Keenan, Hugh T. (1981). "Doris Buchanan Smith". Dictionary of Literary Biography 52: 353.
- Westway, Cynthia (August 5, 1973). "How a Child Responds to Facts of Death". The Atlanta Journal.
- Rees, David (September 19, 1975). "The most difficult problem". Times Literary Supplement.
- "A Taste of Blackberries". A Taste of Blackberries. Scholastic Inc. Retrieved 24 September 2012.
- "Charles Robinson". Contemporary Authors Online. Gale Biography In Context. Retrieved 2 May 2011.
- "Doris Buchanan Smith". St. James Guide to Young Adult Writers. Gale Biography In Contex. Retrieved 29 April 2011.
- Rees, David (1980). The Marble in the Water: E. B. White and Doris Buchanan Smith. The Horn Book. pp. 66–77. ISBN 0-87675-281-4.
- Welton, Ann (December 2002). "Buchanan Smith, Doris Un sabor a moras (A Taste of Blackberries)". School Library Journal 48 (12): p.S60. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "Georgia Children's Book Award". College of Education at the University of Georgia. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
- "Doris Buchanan Smith". Major Authors and Illustrators for Children and Young Adults. Gale Biography In Context. Retrieved 24 April 2011.
- Trelease, Jim (2006). The Read-Aloud Handbook. New York: Penguin Group (USA) Incorporated. p. 236. ISBN 978-0-14-303739-2.
- Doris Buchanan Smith Papers University of Georgia - Hargrett Rare Book and Manuscript Library
- Doris Buchanan Smith Papers University of Minnesota
- Georgia Center for the Book honors Doris Buchanan Smith
- HarperCollins' A Taste of Blackberries current edition
- Josette Frank Award
- Scholastic Inc. A Taste of Blackberries
- Zilveren Griffel Dutch language article showing Smith's 1977 win
- Zilveren Griffel Library Thing page