Aach, Baden-Württemberg

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Aach
Aach hegau.jpg
Coat of arms of Aach
Coat of arms
Aach is located in Germany
Aach
Aach
Coordinates: 47°50′44″N 8°51′6″E / 47.84556°N 8.85167°E / 47.84556; 8.85167Coordinates: 47°50′44″N 8°51′6″E / 47.84556°N 8.85167°E / 47.84556; 8.85167
Country Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Admin. region Freiburg
District Konstanz
Government
 • Mayor Severin Graf (CDU)
Area
 • Total 10.69 km2 (4.13 sq mi)
Elevation 545 m (1,788 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 2,174
 • Density 200/km2 (530/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 78267
Dialling codes 07774
Vehicle registration KN
Website www.aach.de
Lordship of Aach
Herrschaft Aach
State of the Holy Roman Empire

before 1100 – 1805
Capital Aach
Government Principality
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established, within
    Further Austria

before 1100 10th century
 -  Rudolph I grants
    city rights

1283
 -  Swabian War 1499
 -  Occupied: German
    Peasants' War

1525
 -  Ravaged during French
    Revolutionary Wars

March 25, 1799
 -  Mediatised to Baden 1805

Aach (German pronunciation: [ˈaːx] ( )) is a small town in the German state of Baden-Württemberg (the region of Hegau). Being situated close to Lake Constance and the Swiss border, it is mostly known for the Aachtopf — Germany's biggest natural spring in terms of production.

History[edit]

Aach was first mentioned in the year 1100. By the year 1150 the settlement was known in Latin as Oppidum Ach in Hegovia. Aach was granted town rights in 1283 by King Rudolph I of Germany. For the next centuries it was a part of Further Austria.

In 1499 battles of the Swabian War took place right before gates of Aach. Only 26 years later, in 1525, the German Peasants' War reached Aach, when region's aristocrats flew from the uprisings to the city, whereupon it was occupied by the rebel peasants. However, the uprisings were thrown down quickly by September 1525.

On March 25, 1799 there was a battle in Aach between Austria and France in the Napoleonic Wars. After Austria's defeat in the Third Coalition 1805, Aach came to the Grand Duchy of Baden, which joined the German Empire in 1871.

After World War II Aach became a part of the new (West) German state of Baden-Württemberg.

Law and government[edit]

Tower of Aach

Aach has formed a cooperation with the nearby City of Engen sharing some of its administrative domains.

Aach has a city council with twelve seats. The last elections in 2004 brought three seats for the CDU, three seats for the SPD and four seats for independent voters' associations. Aach's mayor is Severin Graf (CDU).

Geography[edit]

Aach is situated at the edge of the Hegau — a volcanic landscape between Lake Constance and the Swabian Alb mountains. The German–Swiss border lies about 14 km to the southeast.

Jewish History[edit]

The first record of Jews in Aach is dated to 1518, in which a Jewish family is accused of murdering a Christian child, an incident that can be considered a Blood libel. Later on, two more records dated to the 16th century describe restrictions on the town Jews, forbidding them to deal with agricultural products and chant at the synagogue. [2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ [Statistisches Bundesamt – Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012 (XLS-Datei; 4,0 MB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011) "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31.12.2012"]. Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 12 November 2013. 
  2. ^ http://www.jewishencyclopedia.com/articles/1-aach

External links[edit]