Aachen Hauptbahnhof

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Aachen Hauptbahnhof
Aachen Hbf
Station forecourt and main entrance
Operations
Category 2[1]
Type Hbf
Platforms in use 7
DS100 code KA
Station code 0001
Construction and location
Opened 1905
Style of architecture Art Nouveau
Architect Friedrich Mettegang
Location Aachen
State North Rhine-Westphalia
Country Germany
Home page www.bahnhof.de
50°46′03″N 6°05′28″E / 50.767635°N 6.091179°E / 50.767635; 6.091179Coordinates: 50°46′03″N 6°05′28″E / 50.767635°N 6.091179°E / 50.767635; 6.091179
Bahnhofplatz 2a
52064 Aachen
Route information
List of railway stations in North Rhine-Westphalia

Aachen Hauptbahnhof (German for Aachen main station) is the most important railway station for the city of Aachen, in the far west of Germany near the Dutch and Belgian border. It is the largest of the four currently active Aachen stations, and is integrated into the long-distance network.

History[edit]

A station at Aachen was first opened in 1841, when the Rheinische Eisenbahngesellschaft opened its line from Cologne. The line first was extended to Herbesthal (near the Belgian border) and on October 15, 1843 to Antwerp. The first station was built outside of the city walls, however the city soon grew and the station eventually became surrounded by new buildings. The Prussian State Railways deemed that rather impractical and decided to build a new station situated on a hillside. Embankments and new bridges were built from 1901 onward, and on December 21, 1905 the station opened at its new location.

The station remained largely undisturbed until suffering from damage in 1944, when German troops were retreating. However, since the rail link was highly valued by the Allied forces, damage was cleared up rather quickly and in 1950 all war damage had been removed from the site. Since 2002 the Cologne–Aachen high-speed railway line allows connections to Cologne with speeds up to 250 km/h (160 mph).

Electrification[edit]

In 1966, Aachen Hauptbahnhof was electrified. Due to its proximity to Belgium, it was decided to implement the switching point from the Deutsche Bahn's 15 kV AC to the 3000 V DC used by the NMBS/SNCB in the station. Tracks 6 to 9 therefore have a switchable catenary and are used for international Thalys, ICE and RegionalExpress services.

Renovations[edit]

The station hall was renovated from 2000 to 2006. In 2007 a new electronic signal box was built, enabling more streamlined operations and automatic switching of the correct voltages. The cost estimate for the revamp was around € 40 million. The main changes were:

  • Construction of 400m long platforms for international traffic, replacing the old 250m platforms that did not allow economic usage due to their limited length.
  • Special through tracks (tracks 3 and 4) for freight trains to the Netherlands and Belgium (via Montzen) to Aachen West.
  • Constructional changes to the system changeover point to Belgium; a new track layout, which allows the smooth changeover of electric locomotives and is capable of handling the increasing number of through carriages.
  • Improvement of the layout to remove operating problems, especially in the sidings.

Train services[edit]

ICE 3M train en route from Brussels to Frankfurt in Aachen Hauptbahnhof.
Regional-Express trains in Aachen Hauptbahnhof.

The following services currently call at Aachen Hbf:

Series Operator Route Material Frequency Notes
ICE 80 Thalys Paris NordBrussels SouthLiège-GuilleminsAachen HauptbahnhofCologne – (DüsseldorfDuisburgEssen) Thalys PBKA 5x per day high speed service
ICE 79 DB Brussels SouthBrussels NorthLiège-GuilleminsAachen HauptbahnhofCologne – (Siegburg/BonnMontabaurLimburg –) Frankfurt AirportFrankfurt ICE 3M - Class 406 4x per day high speed service
IC 2222 DB Aachen HauptbahnhofMönchengladbachKrefeldDuisburgEssenBochumDortmundHammGüterslohBielefeldHerfordHannoverWolfsburgBerlin-SpandauBerlin HbfBerlin Ostbahnhof DB Class 120 and IC stock 1x per day
RE 1 NRW-Express DB Regio NRW Aachen HauptbahnhofEschweilerDürenHorremCologneDüsseldorfDuisburg HbfMülheim (Ruhr)EssenBochumDortmundHamm – (Paderborn) DB Class 146 + 6x Double-deck Coach 1x per hour
RE 4 Wupper-Express DB Regio NRW Aachen HauptbahnhofHerzogenrathRheydtMönchengladbachNeussDüsseldorfWuppertalHagenWittenDortmund DB Class 111 + 5x Double-deck Coach 1x per hour
RE 9 Rhein-Sieg-Express DB Regio NRW Aachen HauptbahnhofEschweilerDürenHorremCologneTroisdorfSiegburg/BonnHennefAu (Sieg)Siegen Talent 2, DB Class 111 + 5x Double-deck Coach 1x per hour
RB 20 Euregiobahn DB Regio NRW HeerlenHeerlen de KisselLandgraafEygelshoven Markt HerzogenrathKohlscheidAachen WestAachen SchanzAachen HauptbahnhofAachen-Rothe ErdeEilendorfStolberg (Rheinland) Eschweiler-WestEschweiler TalbahnhofEschweiler-NothbergEschweiler-WeisweilerLangerweheDüren DB Class 643 2x per hour
Alsdorf-AnnaparkAlsdorf-BuschHerzogenrath-August-Schmidt-PlatzHerzogenrath-Alt-Merkstein Stolberg-SchneidmühleStolberg-Mühlener BahnhofStolberg-RathausStolberg-Altstadt 2x per hour
RE 29 euregioAIXpress SNCB/NMBS Liège-GuilleminsAngleurPepinsterVerviers CentralWelkenraedtHergenrathAachen Hauptbahnhof SNCB AM62 8-9 trains per day (each 2 hours)
RB 33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn DB Regio NRW DuisburgDuisburg-Hochfeld SüdRheinhausen OstRheinhausenHohenbudberg BayerwerkKrefeld-UerdingenKrefeld-LinnKrefeld-OppumKrefeldForsthausAnrathViersenMönchengladbachRheydtWickrathHerrathErkelenzHückelhoven-BaalBrachelen LindernGeilenkirchenÜbach-PalenbergHerzogenrathKohlscheidAachen WestAachen SchanzAachen Hauptbahnhof DB Class 425 1x per hour
Heinsberg 1x per hour
S 13 Rhine-Ruhr S-Bahn DB Regio NRW Aachen HauptbahnhofAachen-Rothe Erde – Stolberg (Rheinland) – Langerwehe – Düren – Horrem – Cologne – Cologne/Bonn Airport station – Troisdorf DB Class 423 1x per night

Operational usage[edit]

Aachen Hauptbahnhof is served by the following lines:

Preceding station   Thalys   Following station
toward Paris-Nord
Thalys
toward Essen Hbf
Preceding station   Deutsche Bahn   Following station
ICE 79
Terminus RE 1
NRW-Express
toward Dortmund Hbf
RE 4
Wupper-Express
Terminus
Terminus RE 9
Rhein-Sieg-Express
toward Siegen
RB 20
Euregiobahn
toward Duisburg Hbf
RB 33
Rhein-Niers-Bahn
Terminus
Preceding station   SNCB/NMBS   Following station
(Belgium)
RE 29 (IR q)
euregioAIXpress
Terminus

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Stationspreisliste 2014" [Station price list 2014] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 24 October 2013. Retrieved 1 January 2014. 

External links[edit]