Aamjiwnaang First Nation

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Sarnia 45
Indian reserve
Sarnia 45 is located in Ontario
Sarnia 45
Sarnia 45
Coordinates: 42°55.5′N 82°24′W / 42.9250°N 82.400°W / 42.9250; -82.400Coordinates: 42°55.5′N 82°24′W / 42.9250°N 82.400°W / 42.9250; -82.400
Country  Canada
Province  Ontario
County Lambton
Government
 • Chief Christopher Plain
 • Federal riding Sarnia—Lambton
 • Prov. riding Sarnia—Lambton
Area[1]
 • Land 12.57 km2 (4.85 sq mi)
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 706
 • Density 56.2/km2 (146/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
Postal Code N7T
Area code(s) 519 and 226
Website www.aamjiwnaang.ca

The Aamjiwnaang First Nation (or also known as Chippewas of Sarnia First Nation) is a First Nations community of about 850 Chippewa (Ojibwe) Aboriginal peoples. They live on the Sarnia 45 Indian Reserve, located on the shores of the St. Clair River directly south of Sarnia in southwestern Ontario, Canada – just across the United States border from Port Huron, Michigan.[2]

The name Aamjiwnaang, or more fully vocalised as Aamijiwanaang, means "at the spawning stream."

The Aamjiwnaang community has expressed concern regarding its proximity to chemical plants in the area, as birth rates of their people have been documented by the American journal Environmental Health Perspectives as deviating from the normal ratio of close to 50% boys, 50% girls.[3] The ratio as found between 1999 and 2003 by the journal was roughly 33% boys, and 67% girls.[4] The First Nation is concerned that this abnormal trend is due to adverse effects of maternal and fetal exposure to the effluent and emissions of the nearby chemical plants. This is the first community in the world to have a birth rate of two girls to every boy.

Demographics[edit]

Population trend:[7]

  • Population in 2006: 706
  • Population in 2001: 695
  • Population in 1996: 621
  • Population in 1991: 494

Prominent members[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Sarnia 45 community profile". 2006 Census data. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  2. ^ M. Crenson (2005). "Natives see son shortage in 'Chemical Valley'". Deseret News. Deseret News Publishing Company. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  3. ^ C. A. Mackenzie, A. Lockridge, and M. Keith (2005). "Declining Sex Ratio in a First Nation Community". Environmental Health Perspectives 113 (10): 1295–8. doi:10.1289/ehp.8479. PMC 1281269. PMID 16203237. 
  4. ^ "Aamjiwnaang First Nations concerned about chemical exposure". CBC News. 2005-09-02. Retrieved 2008-10-21. 
  5. ^ "2006 Community Profiles". Canada 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. March 30, 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  6. ^ "2001 Community Profiles". Canada 2001 Census. Statistics Canada. February 17, 2012. Retrieved 2011-02-24. 
  7. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census

External links[edit]