Aandhi

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Aandhi
Aandhi.jpg
Film poster
Directed by Gulzar
Produced by J. Om Prakash
Gulzar
Written by Kamleshwar
Screenplay by Gulzar
Bhushan Banmali
Starring Sanjeev Kumar
Suchitra Sen
Music by R.D. Burman
Gulzar (lyricist)
Cinematography K. Vaikunth
Edited by Waman Bhonsle
Gurudutt Shirali
Production
  company
Mehboob Studio
Natraj Studio
Release date(s) 13 February 1975 (India)
Running time 133 min.
Country India
Language Hindi

Aandhi (translation: Storm) is a 1975 Indian political drama film directed by Gulzar. At the time, the film was allegdedly based on life of then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and her relationship with her estranged husband, but in reality, only the look was inspired by politician Tarkeshwari Sinha, apart from Indira Gandhi, though this got the film into controversy.[1] The film story is based around a chance meeting of an estranged couple after several years, when wife Aarti Devi, now a leading politician happens to stay in the hotel run by her husband during an election campaign.[2] The movie is noted for its songs composed by Rahul Dev Burman, written by Gulzar and sung by Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar.

Suchitra Sen, the noted actress from Bengali cinema, who also worked in a few Hindi films, played the lead role of Aarti Devi after actress Vyjayanthimala refused the film as she had reservations about enacting the role.

The movie was not allowed a full release when Mrs. Gandhi was in power. The film was banned during the national emergency of 1975 a few weeks after its release. The banned immediately made the film a national news.[3] After her defeat in the 1977 national elections, the ruling Janata Party cleared it and had it premiered on state-run television channel.[4] It proved to be an important film in the career of Sen, and also her last Hindi film, as she retired from the films altogether in 1978.[5] At the 23rd Filmfare Awards, she was nominated for Filmfare Best Actress Award, while Sanjeev Kumar won the Filmfare Award for Best Actor. The film itself won the Filmfare Critics Award for Best Movie.

Plot[edit]

J.K. (played by Sanjeev Kumar) is a Hotel manager. One day he gallantly comes to the rescue of a politician's drunk daughter, Aarti (Suchitra Sen). Aarti falls in love with J.K. and both get married in a small ceremony. After few years, the married couple face many differences due to which they decide to separate. Years later, J.K. and Aarti meet again when she is an established politician. Despite the separation, both of them feel the closeness but fearing that her name might be tarnished and jeopardise her career, Aarti does not want to step forward.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

Development

Gulzar said the film had no semblance with the personal life of then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. He wanted to make film about modern Indian politician, and so he modelled the character on Indira Gandhi and to some extent on noted parliamentarian from Bihar, Tarkeshwari Sinha.[1]

Script

A early version of the film's story was written by veteran screenwriter Sachin Bhowmick, however it did not go well with Gulzar. He had an idea of an estranged couple meeting in an hotel after years, and started developing it. Hindi writer Kamleshwar joined as the writing crew, as the film started shooting. He later went on to write a full fledged novel, Kali Aandhi (Black Storm), which is quite different from the film.[6] Subsequently, the film was written simultaneously along with another Gulzar film, Mausam (1975), which was also written by Bhushan Banmali and Gulzar.[7][8] Along with Khushboo, Aandhi also released in the same year; 1975 proving to be the most prolific for director-screenwriter Gulzar's career.[9]

Casting

The lead role of Aarti Devi was offered to actress Vyjayanthimala, who refused as she was fazed by physical resemblance of her character with Indira Gandhi. Later in 2011, she recounted Aandhi as one of few films she regretted not doing besides Mr and Mrs 55 (1955) by Guru Dutt and Bandini (1963) by Bimal Roy, "I admired Indiraji (Gandhi) so much so that I got cold feet when the role was offered to me."[10][11]

In the early 1960s, director Gulzar had approached Suchitra Sen, with screenplay for a film to be produced by Sohanlal Kanwar, however when she suggested some changes which Gulzar didn't agree upon, the film never got made. For film Aandhi producer J. Om Prakash insisted upon Gulzar to approach Sen again and actors Sanjeev Kumar was also keen on working with Sen. This time when the new script was done, Gulzar went to meet her in Kolkata, she agreed without any script issues, resulting in a casting coup. In fact, Sen now promised Gulzar to not suggest any changes, and she stuck to her promise all through the filming.[7][8] For the role Aarti Devi's estranged husband Sanjeev Kumar was already casted, who had previously worked in Gulzar's Koshish (1973), again as an older man. Kumar one of finest actors of his generation went to collaborated with Gulzar on numerous films, like Mausam (1975), Angoor (1981) and Namkeen (1982).[5]

Filming

The film was almost shot together with Mausam, with Sanjeev Kumar playing the lead of an old man in both the films. Though Aandhi was released first, it ran into political controversy and portions of it has to be reshot, meanwhile Mausam was completed and released.[7] The songs of the film was shot at various locations in Jammu and Kashmir state, like "Tum Aa Gaye Ho" was shot around Pari Mahal gardens in Srinagar, the classic "Tere Bina Zindagi Se" at the ruined 7th-8th century Martand Sun Temple, near Anantnag, while "Is Mod Se Jaate Hai" was shot at Pahalgam.[12][13] Most of the songs have architectural ruins as a backdrop, depicting brokeness. Gulzar's family, wife actress Raakhee and daughter young Meghna Gulzar accompanied him on the shooting in Kashmir, however upon the return Rakhee and Gulzar separated.[14]

Themes and allusions[edit]

The film looks at the life of a career-minded woman in the political arena, which is large dominated by men. The choices she needs to make over her personal life. It also satires the political opportunism in Indian democracy, where politicians visit the common man only every five years, at the time of elections. Through the lines of the song "Salaam kijiye aali janaab aaye hain, ye paanch saalon ka dene hisaab aaye hain. (Bow to the masters.. They have come after five years...).[15]

Awards and nominations[edit]

At the 23rd Filmfare Awards held in 1976, the film was nominated in various categories.

Award Category Recipient Result
Filmfare Award Best Actor Sanjeev Kumar Won
Filmfare Award Best Film (Critics) Gulzar Won
Filmfare Award Best Film Nominated
Filmfare Award Best Director Gulzar Nominated
Filmfare Award Best Actress Suchitra Sen Nominated
Filmfare Award Best Story Kamleshwar Nominated
Filmfare Award Best Lyricist Gulzar for "Tere Bina Zinagi Se Koi" Nominated

Soundtrack[edit]

A 1 minute 28 seconds sample of one of the most popular song of the film "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi".

Problems playing this file? See media help.

The music of this film was composed by Rahul Dev Burman with lyrics by Gulzar.

Song Singer(s) Time Notes
"Tere Bina Zindagi Se" Kishore Kumar &
Lata Mangeshkar
5:55 Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen
"Tum Aa Gaye Ho Noor Aa Gaya" Kishore Kumar &
Lata Mangeshkar
4:15 Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen
"Is Mod Se Jate Hain" Kishore Kumar &
Lata Mangeshkar
5:00 Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen
"Salam Kijiye" Mohammed Rafi,
Amit Kumar & Bhupinder
6:55 Title Music Instrumental

Reception[edit]

The RD-Gulzar team created for the film, songs which were both acclaimed and also popular songs of the decade.[16] Songs like "Tere Bina Zindagi", "Tum Aa Gaye Ho" and "Is Mod Se Jate Hain" are considered eternal classics in Indian cinema. Songs "Tere Bina Zindagi Se" and "Is Mod Se Jate Hain" were listed 5th and 14th respectively on Binaca Geetmala annual list 1975.[5]

Release and reshoot[edit]

The film released in February 1975 amidst controversy, as rumours abound that it was based on the life of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Some of film's posters also hyped the similarity, with lines like, "See your Prime Minister on screen" and "the story of a great woman political leader in post-Independence India", were featured in a film magazine. Eventually, the film was given a go ahead after it was seen by two staff members and then Information and Broadcasting minister, I.K. Gujral. After the released, similarity was seen the dressing and mannerism of lead Aarti Devi, played by Suchitra Sen and Mrs Gandhi, including the sarees and streak of white hair. However when during the Assembly election campaign in Gujarat, some opposition politicians showed scenes of film, depicting Aarti Devi smoking and drinking, the was banned 20 weeks after it release.[6][17] In June State of Emergency was declared in India by Mrs. Gandhi, and on 12 July despite heavy press censorship, The Statesman managed to carry the headline on its front page, "Screening on Aandhi banned".[18]

Subsequently, the controversial drinking scene was reshot and to establish the fact it was not a biopic, a scene with Aarti Devi looking at the framed image of Indira Gandhi tells her father that she wants to serve India like Mrs Gandhi, "Woh meri ideal thi" (She is my ideal) was inserted.[6][19][20] After Indira Gandhi lost the general election of 1977, and Janata Party came to power it was re-released and also shown on the state-run national television.[4][19]

Critical reception[edit]

Some critics, including Subhash K. Jha have drawn thematic parallels between Indira Gandhi and her father Jawaharlal Nehru as depicted in the film also references to their personal lives. Also the role of Sanjeev Kumar, having shades of Mrs. Gandhi's husband.[21][22] All through the controversy, Gulzar denied any connection with Indira Gandhi, it was only after she lost the national elections in 1977 and Janata Party came to power, did he admit, "Yes, the film was made with Indira Gandhi in mind". Sanjeev Kumar on his part said, only the characterisation of his role was based on Feroze Gandhi.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b V.Gangadhar (20 July 2001). "Where is reality?". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  2. ^ Lalit Mohan Joshi (2002). Bollywood: popular Indian cinema. Dakini Books. p. 123. 
  3. ^ Encyclopaedia of Hindi cinema, By Encyclopaedia Britannica (India) Pvt. Ltd, Gulzar, Govind Nihalani, Saibal Chatterjee
  4. ^ a b Sinha, Sayoni. "Ten most controversial films". Yahoo!. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c Renu Saran (2014). History of Indian Cinema. Diamond Pocket Books. p. 247. ISBN 978-93-5083-651-4. 
  6. ^ a b c "BLAST FROM THE PAST:Aandhi (1975)". The Hindu. 23 May 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  7. ^ a b c "Mausam (1975)". The Hindu. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b "‘Sir’ wouldn’t lose her sleep over awards". The Times of India. January 18, 2014. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  9. ^ "Blast From The Past: Khushboo (1975)". The Hindu. 13 June 2013. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  10. ^ Nonika Singh (27 November 2011). "From Naagin to nritya". The Tribune. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  11. ^ "Down Memory Lane". The Indian Express. 12 November 2011. Retrieved 24 March 2012. 
  12. ^ "Movie > AandhiLocations". Filmapia. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  13. ^ "Chasing Aandhi: Kashmir sets the background". India Today. April 29, 2010. Retrieved 2014-03-24. 
  14. ^ Meghna Gulzar (2004). Because He Is--. Rupa & Company. pp. 121–. ISBN 978-81-291-0364-2. 
  15. ^ Bhawana Somaaya; Jigna Kothari; Supriya Madangarli. Mother Maiden Mistress. HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 1973–. ISBN 978-93-5029-485-7. 
  16. ^ Ganesh Anantharaman (January 2008). Bollywood Melodies: A History of the Hindi Film Song. Penguin Books India. p. 12. ISBN 978-0-14-306340-7. Retrieved 13 June 2013. 
  17. ^ Anirudha Bhattacharjee Balaji Vittal. R. D. Burman: The Man, The Music. HarperCollins Publishers. pp. 25–. ISBN 978-93-5029-236-5. 
  18. ^ Chitra Kanungo (2001). Freedom Under Assault. APH Publishing. p. 133. ISBN 978-81-7648-226-4. 
  19. ^ a b "The first ladies of cinema". The Times of India. 14 December 2010. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  20. ^ Meghna Gulzar (2004). Because he is.... Rupa & Co. p. 79. 
  21. ^ M. Madhava Prasad (1998). Ideology of the Hindi Film: A Historical Construction. Oxford University Press, Incorporated. p. 140. ISBN 978-0-19-564218-6. 
  22. ^ Subhash K. Jha; Amitabh Bachchan (2005). The essential guide to Bollywood. Lustre Press. p. 1974. ISBN 978-81-7436-378-7. 
  23. ^ "Aandhi", The Illustrated Weekly of India, 98, Part 2, 1977: 75 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

External video
Full movie on YouTube