|Produced by||J. Om Prakash
|Music by||R.D. Burman|
|Editing by||Waman Bhonsle
|Release dates||13 February 1975 (India)|
|Running time||133 min.|
Aandhi (translation: Storm) is a 1975 Indian political drama film directed by lyricist Gulzar. The film was supposedly based on then-Prime Minister Indira Gandhi's life, but in reality, only the look was inspired by politician Tarkeshwari Sinha, apart from Indira Gandhi. The film story is based around a chance meeting of a married couple after years of separation, when wife Aarti Devi, now a leading politician happens to stay in the hotel run by her estranged husband during an election campaign.  The movie is noted for its songs composed by Rahul Dev Burman, written by Gulzar and sung by Kishore Kumar and Lata Mangeshkar.
The movie was not allowed a full release when Mrs.Gandhi was in power. The film was banned in 1975's emergency. After her loss in the 1977 elections, the ruling Janata party cleared it and had it premiered on national television.
J.K. (played by Sanjeev Kumar) is a Hotel Manager. One day he gallantly comes to the rescue of a politician's drunk daughter, Aarti (Suchitra Sen). Aarti falls in love with J.K. and both get married in a small ceremony. After few years, the married couple face many differences due to which they decide to separate. Years later, J.K. and Aarti meet again when she is an established politician. Despite the separation, both of them feel the closeness but fearing that her name might be tarnished and jeopardize her career, Aarti does not want to step forward.
- Suchitra Sen as Aarti Devi
- Sanjeev Kumar as J. K.
- Om Shivpuri as Chandrasen
- Manmohan as S. K. Agarwal
- A. K. Hangal as Brinda Kaka
- Kamaldeep as Chowdhary
- C. S. Dubey as Gurusaran
- Om Prakash as Lallu Lal, Campaign Manager
- Rehman as K. Bose
Gulzar said the film had no semblance with the personal life of then Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi. He wanted to make film about modern Indian politician, and so he modeled the character on Indira Gandhi and to some extent on noted parliamentarian from Bihar, Tarkeshwari Sinha. 
A early version of the film's story was written by veteran screenwriter Sachin Bhowmick, however it did not go well with Gulzar. Next, Hindi writer Kamleshwar stepped in and wrote a story. Though he went on to write a full fledged novel, Kali Aandhi (Black Storm), which is quite different from the film. Subsequently, the film was written simultaneously along with another Gulzar film, Mausam (1975), which was also written by Bhushan Banmali and Gulzar. Along with Khushboo, Aandhi also released in the same year; 1975 proving to be the most prolific for director-screenwriter Gulzar's career. 
The lead role of Aarti Devi was offered to actress Vyjayanthimala, who refused as she was fazed by physical resemblance of her character with Indira Gandhi. Later in 2011, she recounted Aandhi as one of few films she regretted not doing besides Mr and Mrs 55 (1955) by Guru Dutt and Bandini (1963) by Bimal Roy, "I admired Indiraji (Gandhi) so much so that I got cold feet when the role was offered to me." A few years, prior to Aandhi, director Gulzar had approached Suchitra Sen, with screenplay for a film to be directed by Sohanlal Kanwar, however when she suggested some changes which Gulzar didn't agree upon, the film never got made. For film Aandhi producer J. Om Prakash insisted upon Gulzar to approach Sen again, this time she agreed without any script issues, resulting in a casting coup. 
The film was almost shot together with Mausam, with Sanjeev Kumar playing the lead of an old man in the films. Though Aandhi was released first, it ran into political controversy and portions of it has to be reshot, meanwhile Mausam was completed and released. 
Awards and nominations
At the 23rd Filmfare Awards held in 1976, the film was nominated in various categories.
|Filmfare Award||Best Actor||Sanjeev Kumar||Won|
|Filmfare Award||Best Film (Critics)||Gulzar||Won|
|Filmfare Award||Best Film||Nominated|
|Filmfare Award||Best Director||Gulzar||Nominated|
|Filmfare Award||Best Actress||Suchitra Sen||Nominated|
|Filmfare Award||Best Story||Kamleshwar||Nominated|
|Filmfare Award||Best Lyricist||Gulzar for "Tere Bina Zinagi Se Koi"||Nominated|
A 1 minute 28 seconds sample of one of the most popular song of the film "Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi".
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
|"Tere Bina Zindagi Se"||Kishore Kumar &
|5:55||Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen|
|"Tum Aa Gaye Ho Noor Aa Gaya"||Kishore Kumar &
|4:15||Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen|
|"Is Mod Se Jate Hain"||Kishore Kumar &
|5:00||Picturised on Sanjeev Kumar & Suchitra Sen|
|"Salam Kijiye"||Mohammed Rafi,
Amit Kumar & Bhupinder
|6:55||Title Music Instrumental|
The RD-Gulzar team created for the film, songs which were both acclaimed and also popular songs of the decade. Songs like "Tere Bina Zindagi", "Tum Aa Gaye Ho" and "Is Mod Se Jate Hain" are considered classics in Indian cinema. Songs "Tere Bina Zindagi Se" and "Is Mod Se Jate Hain" were listed 5th and 14th respectively on Binaca Geetmala annual list 1975.
Release and reshoot
The film released in February 1975 amidst controversy, as rumours abound that it was based on the life of Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. Some of films's posters also hyped the similarity, with lines like, “See your Prime Minister on screen” and “the story of a great woman political leader in post-Independence India”. Eventually, the film was given a go ahead after it was seen by two staff members and then Information and Broadcasting minister, I.K. Gujral. After the released, similarity was seen the dressing and mannerism of lead Aarti Devi, played by Suchitra Sen and Mrs Gandhi, including the sarees and streak of white hair. However when during the Assembly election campaign in Gujarat, some opposition politicians showed scenes of film, depicting Aarti Devi smoking and drinking, the was banned 20 weeks after it release. In June State of Emergency was declared in India by Mrs. Gandhi, and on July 12 despite heavy press censorship, The Statesman managed to carry the headline on its front page, "Screening on Aandhi banned". 
Subsequently, the controversial drinking scene was reshot and to establish the fact it was not a biopic, a scene with Aarti Devi looking at the framed image of Indira Gandhi tells her father that she wants to serve India like Mrs Gandhi was inserted.  After Indian Gandhi lost the general election of 1977, and Janata Party came to power it was re-released and also shown on the state-run national television. 
Some critics, including Subhash K. Jha have drawn thematic parallels between Indira Gandhi and her father Jawaharlal Nehru as depicted in the film also references to their personal lives. Also the role of Sanjeev Kumar, having shades of Mrs. Gandhi's husband.  All through the controversy, Gulzar denied any connection with Indira Gandhi, it was only after she lost the national elections in 1977 and Janata Party came to power, did he admit, "Yes, the film was made with Indira Gandhi in mind". Sanjeev Kumar on his part said, only the characterization of his role was based on Feroze Gandhi.
- V.Gangadhar (20 Jul 2001). "Where is reality?". The Hindu. Retrieved 27 Jan 2012.
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- Subhash K. Jha; Amitabh Bachchan (2005). The essential guide to Bollywood. Lustre Press. p. 1974. ISBN 978-81-7436-378-7.
- "Aandhi". The Illustrated Weekly of India. 1977, Volume 98, Part 2. p. 75.
- Kali Andhi (Hindi), by Kamleshwar. Rajpal and Sons, 2003. ISBN 9788170285625.
- Aandhi, Screenplays (Hindi), by Rajkamal Prakashan, 2005. ISBN 8183610048.
|Full movie at Youtube|