Aarhus C is a district in the city of Aarhus, Denmark, consisting of Midtbyen, Vesterbro, University of Aarhus, Frederiksbjerg and the newest part, the Docklands which the municipality recently bought from the Port of Aarhus and which will be transformed into a new modern part of town. The district is commonly defined as the area to the south, east and north of the Ringgade, and to the west of the shoreline of the bay.
Aarhus C is an abbreviation of Aarhus centrum, which means the centre of Aarhus. It is sometimes referred to by its postal code, which is 8000.
Aarhus C has around 55,000 inhabitants.
Quarters and areas
Is the oldest part of Aarhus and was where the city originated, and is therefore known as the city's historical center. It is characterized by narrow, winding, cobbled streets and many small shops. The Store Torv forms a natural centre of Midtbyen, the square in front of the cathedral. There are large department stores and the shopping centre Bruun's Galleri with 93 stores is also located within Aarhus midtby. The main walking route through Midtbyen is the Strøget pedestrian street, which runs from the cathedral to the central train station. The main routes by car are via one of three roads, Nørre Allé, Vestre Allé and Søndre Allé.
This part should not be confused with Vesterbro in the capital, Copenhagen. Aarhus' Vesterbro is newer than Midtbyen, and was originally the western entrance to the town, which is why there are street names such as Vesterport, literally meaning the western gate. The main square, Vesterbro Torv, used to be a market square for pigs and other animals in the 1880s. Now it is the busiest junction in Vesterbro. Half a mile west of Vesterbro Torv is one of the cities most famous landmarks, Den Gamle By, located within Aarhus Botanical Gardens. Right next to Den Gamly By is the now defunct Ceres Brewery from 1856. The site of the old brewery will in the coming years be transformed into a new part of Vesterbro.
Frederiksbjerg is located south of Midtbyen and the central station. Its name literally means Frederik's hill or mountain. Separated by a wide gap filled with railroad tracks, it is connected to the northern part of town by bridges and underpasses. It is inhabited by approximately 20.000 people.
Frederiksbjerg has around 400 shops mainly located in the three large shopping streets Bruunsgade, Jægergårdsgade, Frederiks Allé. Frederiks Allé is a main route leading into the City from the suburbs, and going out of Frederiksbjerg it changes name to Skanderborgvej, as it historically was the main road to the town of Skanderborg. Frederiksbjerg is a quieter part of Aarhus C with most buildings dating from the beginning of the 20th century, and with many large apartments, suitable for families with children.
This is the newest part of Aarhus C, which the municipality bought from the Port of Aarhus in 2007. It is not yet developed from its former role as a part of Denmark's largest container harbour. There have been many ambitious development projects, including the proposition of a 144m tall Light House building, which would become Denmark's tallest building. Parts of this project were postponed due to the 2008 financial crisis. The city plans to develop this area as a new modern part with canals, parks and modern architecture.
University of Aarhus
The university campus is located to the north of Midtbyen, with most buildings situated in Universitetsparken and Vennelystparken. Inside Universitetsparken are nine dormitories which house some 500 students of the university. In the centre of Universitetsparken are two lakes. The parks are often used by students for studying outside and by others for picnics and walks.
- Aarhus Cathedral (Danish: Århus Domkirke), the tallest and longest cathedral in Denmark.
- Church of Our Lady, a large church.
- Aarhus City Hall
- Aarhus University (Danish: Aarhus Universitet).
- Statsbiblioteket (state library).
- Den Gamle By, an open air museum.
- Royal Academy of Music in Aarhus (Danish: Det Jyske Musikkonservatorium), the Juttish music conservatory.
- Aarhus Botanical Gardens (Danish: Botanisk Have).
- ARoS Aarhus Kunstmuseum, the main Aarhus arts museum.
- Aarhus Kunstbygning, an arts museum.
- Aarhus Theatre, the official theater of the city.
- Kvindemuseet, the Women's Museum
Aarhus is connected to the rest of the country with inter-city and commuter rail, and Århus Central Station serves as a major hub for rail traffic in Denmark. Many trains terminates here while others pass through and continue to the rest of the country. The station is mainly served by DSB, but also Arriva has several lines terminate at the station.
Because of the city's lack of rail infrastructure to serve the city itself, like metro, S-train, or light rail, it has a tight net of bus lines. Most city bus lines go through the inner city and pass through either Park Allé or Banegårdspladsen (lit. English, "Central Station Square") (German: Bahnhof Platz) or both. Many lines continue through Midtbyen, by a special road only for buses where there are several big stops. County and Inter-city buses terminate at Aarhus Bus Terminal which is located north east of the Central station. Its location has been a problem through many years and a relocation is planned.
Aarhus C is more or less defined as the area south, east and north of Ringgaden, and therefore this street is one of the main traffic routes in the area, and in Århus as a whole. The six old main roads to the larger nearby towns start from within Århus C. These are Grenåvej, Randersvej, Viborgvej, Silkeborgvej, Skanderborgvej and Oddervej. They are the main ways of entering and leaving Aarhus C.