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His translation of the Song of Songs (published under the pseudonym of A. Rebenstein, 1834) and his publication of Young Germany (German: Das junge Deutschland) established his reputation as a writer among the literary critics of Berlin. He was the author of two Ghetto stories, Vögele der Maggid and Mendel Gibbor, being one of the originators of this genre of modern fiction.
He was also a publicist. In 1849 he founded the Urwählerzeitung, in which (in 1851) he published some ultra-democratic articles which brought about his imprisonment. The paper was finally suppressed in 1853, and Bernstein established the Volkszeitung, a journal devoted, like its predecessor, largely to the dissemination of democratic views.
His History of Revolution and Reaction in Prussia and Germany from the Revolution of 1848 up to the present (German: Revolutions- und Reaktionsgeschichte Preussens und Deutschlands von den Märztagen bis zur neuesten Zeit; 3 vols., 1883–1884) was a collection of important political essays. In the middle of the 19th century Bernstein took an active share in the movement for synagogue reform in Germany.
His book From the field of natural science (German: Aus dem Reiche der Naturwissenschaft; 1856), later republished under the title The people's natural science books (German: Naturwissenschaftliche Volksbücher; 1880), was frequently reprinted and translated into nearly all the languages of Europe.
A story in volume 16 of this book about riding along with the electricity travelling through a telegraph wire is often credited with inspiring the 16-year-old Albert Einstein to think about travelling along with a beam of light and seeing it stationary. Such thought experiments eventually led to his famous theory of special relativity.
- Bernstein, Aaron (1897). "Eine Phantaſie-Reiſe im Weltall" [A fantasy trip in space]. Naturwissenschaftliche Volksbücher [The people's natural science books] 16. p. 54. Retrieved 2012-09-08.
- Frederick Gregory, "The Mysteries and Wonders of Natural Science: Aaron Bernstein's Naturwissenschaftliche Volksbücher and the Adolescent Einstein," in Einstein: The Formative Years, 1879-1909, ed. Don Howard and John Stachel (Boston: Birkhauser, 2000), 23-41.
- Galina Weinstein (2012-04-09). "Einstein Chases a Light Beam". Arxiv.org. Retrieved 2012-09-08.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Bernstein, Aaron". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
- "Bernstein, Aaron". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.
- Jewish Encyclopedia
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