Bodansky was born in Russia in 1887 and emigrated to the United States in 1904, followed in the next two years by his parents and siblings. He studied biochemistry at Cornell University, earning a Ph.D. in 1921. He worked in the laboratory division of the Hospital for Joint Diseases in New York from 1928 to 1954. His area of special interest was calcium metabolism. He published several papers in this field, including the work on measurement of phosphatase activity. He died in 1960 from a heart attack. Two brothers, Meyer Bodansky (1896-1941) and Oscar Bodansky (1901-1977) were themselves prominent biochemists, often leading to confusion in the attribution of their individual accomplishments.