Aaron David Miller
|Aaron David Miller|
Photo of Aaron David Miller
March 25, 1949 |
|Subjects||Middle East policy and analysis|
Aaron David Miller (born March 25, 1949) is an American Middle East analyst, author, and negotiator. He is on the U.S. Advisory Council of Israel Policy Forum, is Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, and has been an advisor to six Secretaries of State.
Miller worked within the United States Department of State for twenty four years (1978–2003). Between 1988 and 2003, Miller served six secretaries of state as an advisor on Arab-Israeli negotiations, where he participated in American efforts to broker agreements between Israel, Jordan, Syria, and the Palestinians. He left the Department of State in January 2003 to serve as president of Seeds of Peace, an international youth organization, founded in 1993. In January 2006, he became a public policy scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. Miller published his fourth book, The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace, in 2008.
Miller was born in Cleveland, Ohio on March 25, 1949, the eldest son of Samuel H. and Ruth Ratner Miller, both known for their civic, political and philanthropic work in the Jewish community and beyond, in Cleveland and on the national level. Miller lives in Chevy Chase, Maryland with his wife Lindsay, herself a key force in Seeds of Peace since its inception. They have two children: Jennifer, author of Inheriting the Holy Land: An American’s Search for Hope in the Middle East (Ballantine, 2005) and an aspiring writer and journalist, and Daniel, graduate of Princeton University.
Miller began his undergraduate career at Tulane University and spent a semester at the University of Warwick on a history honors exchange program before graduating from the University of Michigan with a B.A. in 1971. Continuing on toward an M.A. in American Civil War history, Miller changed fields to Middle East and American diplomacy and spent 1973 to 1974 in Jerusalem studying Arabic and Hebrew. He completed his Ph.D. in 1977. His dissertation, Search for Security: Saudi Arabian Oil and American Foreign Policy, 1939–1949 was published by the University of North Carolina Press in 1980, and in paperback in 1991.
Miller entered the Department of State in November 1978 as an historian in the Bureau of Public Affairs Office of the Historian, where he edited the documentary series Foreign Relations of the United States. In November 1980, he became the State Department's top analyst for Lebanon and the Palestinians in the Bureau of Intelligence and Research (INR). Awarded an International Affairs Fellowship by the Council on Foreign Relations, he spent 1982–1983 at the Georgetown Center for Strategic and International Studies and the CFR in New York where he wrote his second book, The PLO and the Politics of Survival. The following year he returned to INR and served a temporary tour at the U.S. Embassy in Amman, Jordan before joining the Secretary of State's Policy Planning Staff in 1985. Between 1985 and 1993, Miller advised Secretaries of State Shultz and Baker, helping the latter plan the Madrid Peace Conference of October 1991.
In June 1993, Miller was appointed as the Deputy Special Middle East Coordinator in an office headed by Dennis Ross and charged by President Clinton with managing the Arab-Israeli negotiations. For the next seven years, Miller worked as part of a small interagency team where he helped structure the U.S. role in Arab–Israeli negotiations through the historic Oslo process, multilateral Arab–Israeli economic summits, Israeli–Jordanian peace treaty, and final status negotiations between Israel and Syria and between Israel and the Palestinians at Camp David in July 2000. Miller continued work on the Arab-Israeli issues in the George W. Bush administration  where he served as the Senior Advisor on Arab-Israeli negotiations in the Bureau of Near Eastern Affairs to Secretary of State Colin Powell. He resigned from the Department of State in January 2003 to become President of Seeds of Peace.
In January 2006, Miller became a Public Policy Scholar at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars  where he planned and participated in programs on the Middle East and Arab-Israeli issues. In 2008, he completed his fourth book, The Much Too Promised Land: America's Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace, an insider's look based on 160 interviews with former presidents, secretaries of state, Arabs, and Israelis, American Jews, Arabs, and evangelical Christians on why America succeeded and failed in Arab-Israeli diplomacy over the past forty years.
Media and public speaking
Throughout his career, Miller has made frequent media and speaking appearances as an expert on Arab–Israeli and Middle Eastern issues, including on CNN, PBS, Fox News, the BBC, the CBC, and Al Jazeera.
In 2005 Miller was a featured presenter at the World Economic Forum in both Davos  and Amman, Jordan. He has also lectured at Harvard University, Columbia University, New York University, University of California at Berkeley, University of Michigan, University of Virginia, The City Club of Cleveland, Chatham House, and The International Institute for Strategic Studies.
Miller has received the Department of State's Distinguished, Meritorious and Superior Honor Awards. Between 1998 and 2000, he was appointed by President Clinton to serve on the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum's Governing Council. In 2005, he was awarded the Ellis Island Medal of Honor.
- Search for Security: Saudi Arabian Oil and American Foreign Policy, 1939–1949 (Paperback, University of North Carolina Press, 1991) ISBN 978-0-8078-4324-6
- PLO: Politics of Survival (Paperback, Praeger Press, 1983) ISBN 978-0-275-91583-4
- The Arab States and the Palestine Question: Between Ideology and Self-Interest (Paperback, Praeger Press, 1986) ISBN 978-0-275-92216-0
- The Much Too Promised Land: America’s Elusive Search for Arab-Israeli Peace (Hardcover, Bantam Books, 2008) ISBN 978-0-553-80490-4
- "The Abandonment: How the Bush Administration Left Israelis and Palestinians to Their Fate", The Washington Post (April 29, 2007) (accessdate May 25, 2011).
- [dead link]"Annapolis Is Just the First Step" 
- [dead link]"West Bank First: It Won't Work" 
- Robert Malley and Aaron David Miller, "For Israel and Hamas, a Case for Accommodation", The Washington Post (May 15, 2006) (accessdate May 25, 2011).
- "The Arab-Israeli conflict: Toward an Equitable and Durable Solution", bnet (July 2005) (accessdate May 25, 2011).
- "Israel's Lawyer", The Washington Post (May 23, 2005) (accessdate May 25, 2011).
- Schmidt Horning, Susan (1998). "Miller, Ruth Ratner". Encyclopedia of Cleveland History. Cleveland: Case Western Reserve University. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Our People". Forest City Enterprises, Inc. Retrieved March 20, 2008.[dead link]
- "Board of Directors and Staff, Seeds of Peace". Seeds Of Peace. Archived from the original on March 20, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Michigan University program about the civil war and Bently Library at Michigan University about the civil war
- John Mather, M.D. "Statement by Special Middle East Coordinator Ambassador Dennis Ross on Hebron Agreement; January 15, 1997". The Avalon Project at Yale Law School. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Ross, Dennis (May 26, 2005). The Missing Peace: The Inside Story of the Fight for Middle East Peace. New York: Farrar, Straus, Giroux. p. 880. ISBN 978-0-374-52980-2.
- "Travel Of Aaron Miller To Middle East" (Press release). Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State. August 9, 2001. Archived from the original on March 24, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Address by Secretary of State Colin L. Powell to the Seeds of Peace International Camp for Conflict Resolution" (Press release). Office of the Spokesman, U.S. Department of State. August 13, 2001.
- "Israel Prays and Holds Vigils For Ariel Sharon". CNN Saturday Morning News. 2006-01-07. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0601/07/smn.02.html.
- "Yassar Arafat Dies". American Morning. 2004-11-11. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0411/11/ltm.04.html.
- "Arafat's Condition Worsens". Wolf Blitzer Reports. 2004-11-04. http://transcripts.cnn.com/TRANSCRIPTS/0411/04/wbr.01.html.
- "President Bush, Secretary Rice Outline Plans for Cease-fire". The Newshour with Jim Lehrer. 2006-07-31. http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/middle_east/july-dec06/role_07-31.html.
- "No Obvious Successor to Arafat". FoxNews.com. November 11, 2004. Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Arafat Gloomy on Mid-East Talks". BBC. April 7, 2000. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "The Current for November 27, 2007". The Current. 2007-11-27. http://www.cbc.ca/thecurrent/2007/200711/20071127.html.
- "Annual Report 2005-2006" (PDF) (Press release). United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- "Past Medalists" (Press release). NECO. Retrieved March 20, 2008.
- Official site for Aaron David Miller's book The Much Too Promised Land and his blog
- The Woodrow Wilson Center for International Studies
- Seeds of Peace
- Official site for the book Inheriting the Holy Land
- Video (with mp3 available) interviews/discussions involving Miller on Bloggingheads.tv