May 29, 1974 |
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Occupation||Writer, cartoonist, public speaker|
|Genre||Comic strips, television screenwriter|
|Notable works||The Boondocks|
Aaron McGruder (born May 29, 1974) is an American writer and cartoonist best known for writing and drawing The Boondocks, a Universal Press Syndicate comic strip about two young African-American brothers, Huey (named after Huey P. Newton) and his younger brother and wannabe gangsta Riley, from inner-city Chicago now living with their grandfather in a sedate suburb, as well as being the creator, executive producer, and head writer of The Boondocks animated TV series based on his strip.
He was also a screenwriter on Red Tails, and co-author, with Reginald Hudlin, of a 2004 graphic novel, Birth of a Nation: A Comic Novel, drawn by cartoonist Kyle Baker. Other projects include variety comedy series The Super Rumble Mix Show and Black Jesus, the latter on Adult Swim. He is a frequent public speaker on political and cultural issues.
Early life and education
Aaron McGruder was born in Chicago, Illinois. When his father accepted a job with the National Transportation Safety Board, McGruder moved to Columbia, Maryland, at the age of six with his parents and his older brother. He attended a Jesuit school from grades seven to nine, followed by public high school at Oakland Mills High School and the University of Maryland, from which he graduated with a degree in African American Studies.
The Boondocks debuted in the University of Maryland campus newspaper, The Diamondback, in late 1997, under its then-editor, Jayson Blair. McGruder created the comic while working at the Presentation Graphics Lab on campus. At the time, he was also a DJ on the "Soul Controllers Mix Show" on WMUC.
McGruder currently lives in Los Angeles, where his projects include the Boondocks animated series and the Super Deluxe variety comedy series The Super Rumble Mix Show. He is the author of five Boondocks collections: All The Rage, Public Enemy #2, A Right To Be Hostile, Fresh for '01: You Suckaz, and Boondocks: Because I Know You Don't Read The Newspaper. McGruder is also the co-author, with Reginald Hudlin, of a 2004 graphic novel, Birth of a Nation: A Comic Novel, drawn by cartoonist Kyle Baker, and a frequent public speaker on political and cultural issues.
In 2010, McGruder worked as screenwriter in the final treatment of the film Red Tails, released in early 2012. With George Lucas as executive producer, the story is based on the Tuskegee Airmen, a group of African American combat pilots during World War II.
In 2013, McGruder expressed interest in filming a movie starring Uncle Ruckus (a character from The Boondocks) with Gary Anthony Williams reprising his role from the TV show if a total of $200,000 was donated to www.uncleruckusmovie.com between January 30 through March 1, 7:00 p.m. EST. The campaign ended with 2,667 backers and $129,963 of the $200,000 goal.
McGruder's strip has been a veritable lightning rod for criticism since it debuted in 1999, with newspapers consigning it to editorial sections, or suspending the run of the strip altogether. Favored targets of The Boondocks include BET, Condoleezza Rice, Whitney Houston, Bill Cosby, Vivica A. Fox, and black political commentator Larry Elder.
One infamous strip immediately following the September 11, 2001 attacks involved Huey calling the FBI's terror tip line to report Ronald Reagan for funding terrorism. He further explained his views regarding the 9/11 attacks in a 2002 keynote address at the July 12–14, 2002 H2K2 conference:
|“||Outside of the world of whackos and conspiracy theorists and all of that, very few people in the mainstream have been willing to say what I'm about to say, which is, I really and truthfully believe that George W. Bush is somehow involved, either directly or indirectly, in the attacks on New York City on September 11.||”|
McGruder has often attacked black political commentator Larry Elder in the comic strip as well as the television series. In response, Elder published an opinion piece in which he created the "McGruder," an award for statements made by black public figures that Elder considers "dumb," "vulgar," and/or "offensive."
He visited Fidel Castro in Cuba with California Rep. Barbara Lee. Later, during a 2003 reception hosted by The Nation, McGruder offended many attendees by defiantly expressing his support for Ralph Nader's 2000 presidential bid. McGruder endured heckling and walkouts as he defended his commitment to left-wing causes, including, he claimed, calling Condoleezza Rice a "mass-murderer" to her face during the 2002 NAACP Image Awards. In 2009, it was reported that he had told a Martin Luther King Day audience at Indiana's Earlham College that then-President-elect Barack Obama was not black. McGruder released a statement insisting he was misquoted, while maintaining he remains "cautiously pessimistic" about Obama's presidency.
A feud with Black Entertainment Television has given McGruder much material both for his strip and the animated series based upon it; he has had an adverse relationship with BET for years. Two episodes ("The Hunger Strike" and "The Uncle Ruckus Reality Show") in Season 2 of The Boondocks animated series were never aired in the U.S. due to possible legal action against Cartoon Network's parent company Time Warner by Viacom (BET's parent company, also the owners of Cartoon Network rival Nickelodeon, and Comedy Central) because of them making fun of BET; however, they resurfaced for television airplay weeks later in Canada. The episodes in question depict BET as an evil media empire plotting the destruction of black people.
- Aaron McGruder. Contemporary Authors Online (Detroit: Gale). 2009.
- Younge, Gary (December 22, 2005). "Strip Tease". Guardian (London). Retrieved 2010-02-07.
- Larnick, Eric. "Aaron McGruder, 'Boondocks' Creator, on Writing 'Red Tails' and Working With George Lucas After Making Fun of Him." moviefone, January 20, 2012. Retrieved January 23, 2012.
- The Uncle Ruckus Movie by Aaron McGruder, Kickstarter.
- Moore, Frazier (April 18, 2014). "'THE BOONDOCKS' BACK FOR FINAL 'OFFENSIVE' SEASON". The Associated Press. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Boondocks Comic Strip on Reagan". October 4, 2001.
- H2K2 speaker list
- Aaron McGruder (July 13, 2002). "Keynote address, H2K2 (quoted portion from 21:08–21:51)" (MP3). Retrieved June 7, 2010.
- Jonathan Gray, Jeffrey Jones, Ethan Thompson. Satire TV: Politics and Comedy in the Post-Network Era, New York University Press, April 2009, p. 271.
- McGrath, Ben (April 19, 2004). "The Radical: Why do editors keep throwing 'The Boondocks' off the funnies page?". The New Yorker.
- BET.com: 'Boondocks' Creator Explains Obama Comment, January 22, 2009.
- Braxton, Greg (June 4, 2008). "'Boondocks' to BET: !*%#!". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 22, 2010.