Roseburg, Oregon

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Roseburg, Oregon
City
Roseburg, Oregon.jpg
Motto: "Timber Capital of the Nation"
Location in Oregon
Location in Oregon
Coordinates: 43°13′5″N 123°21′22″W / 43.21806°N 123.35611°W / 43.21806; -123.35611Coordinates: 43°13′5″N 123°21′22″W / 43.21806°N 123.35611°W / 43.21806; -123.35611
Country United States
State Oregon
County Douglas
Incorporated 1872
Government
 • Mayor Larry Rich
Area[1]
 • Total 10.20 sq mi (26.42 km2)
 • Land 10.01 sq mi (25.93 km2)
 • Water 0.19 sq mi (0.49 km2)
Elevation 528 ft (161 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 21,181
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 21,884
 • Density 2,116.0/sq mi (817.0/km2)
Time zone Pacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code 97470, 97471
Area code(s) 541
FIPS code 41-63650[4]
GNIS feature ID 1126298[5]
Website www.cityofroseburg.org

Roseburg is a city in the U.S. state of Oregon.[6] Located in the Umpqua River Valley in Southern Oregon, it is the county seat and most populous city of Douglas County. Founded in 1851, the population was 21,181 at the 2010 census, making it the principal city of the Roseburg, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area. Interstate 5 runs through the community along with the South Umpqua River. Traditionally a timber town, Roseburg is the home of Roseburg Forest Products.

History[edit]

The city was named for Aaron Rose, who settled within the current city limits September 23, 1851. Rose, who came from German Jewish ancestry, was born in 1813 in Ulster County, New York. In 1851, he came to Oregon from Coldwater, Michigan, where he had lived since 1837. His house in Roseburg served as a tavern for many years, and was the first roadside inn in the area. Rose died in 1899.[7]

Roseburg was first known as Deer Creek because it was at the confluence of Deer Creek and the South Umpqua River. In 1854, voters chose Roseburg as the county seat over rival town Winchester. Rose donated 3 acres (1.2 ha) of land and $1,000 for the building of the courthouse, and the important buildings of Winchester were moved to Roseburg before 1860.[7]

Deer Creek post office was established in 1852, and the name changed to "Roseburgh" in 1857. The spelling was changed to "Roseburg" in 1894.[7] Roseburg was incorporated by the Oregon Legislative Assembly on October 3, 1872.[8]

The Roseburg Blast[edit]

On August 7, 1959, at approximately 1:00 a.m., the Gerretsen Building Supply Company caught fire. Firefighters soon arrived at the building, located near Oak and Pine street, to extinguish the fire. Earlier in the evening, a truck driver for the Pacific Powder Company, George Rutherford, had parked his explosives truck in front of the building, a fact which went unnoticed until shortly before the truck exploded at around 1:14 a.m., destroying buildings in an eight-block radius and severely damaging 30 more blocks.[9]

The truck was loaded with two tons of dynamite and four-and-a-half tons of the blasting agent nitro carbo nitrate. Rutherford had parked the truck after arranging his delivery for the following morning, despite warnings given to the Pacific Powder Company two days earlier not to leave such trucks unattended or park them in "congested areas." Fourteen people died in the blast and fire and 125 were injured. Damage was estimated at ten to twelve million dollars; the Powder company was eventually made to pay $1.2 million in civil damages, but was acquitted of criminal wrongdoing.[9]

Roseburg's downtown was rebuilt, primarily by businesses using money collected from insurance claims. The city built a new bridge over the South Umpqua River on parcels affected by the disaster.[9] Since the incident, it is commonly referred to as the "Roseburg Blast" or simply "The Blast." In 2005, SOPTV produced a documentary examining the Blast and the experiences of those who were involved or witnessed it, entitled The Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 10.20 square miles (26.42 km2), of which, 10.01 square miles (25.93 km2) is land and 0.19 square miles (0.49 km2) is water.[1]

Roseburg's elevation is approximately 500 feet (150 m).

Roseburg is located near the confluence of the north and south forks of the Umpqua River and the Umpqua National Forest.

Climate[edit]

Roseburg
Climate chart (explanation)
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
4.9
 
50
37
 
 
2.6
 
53
37
 
 
3
 
58
39
 
 
2.5
 
63
41
 
 
2.1
 
70
47
 
 
0.8
 
76
52
 
 
0.1
 
86
57
 
 
0.2
 
85
56
 
 
0.8
 
80
51
 
 
2.1
 
66
45
 
 
4.7
 
54
41
 
 
7
 
48
37
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: NOAA

Roseburg has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csb), with cool, wet winters and very warm, dry summers. December, with a mean temperature of 42.5 °F (5.8 °C), is usually the coldest month, and July, with a mean temperature of 71.5 °F (21.9 °C), is the warmest. In a typical year, there are 27 days where the temperature reaches or exceeds 90 °F (32 °C), and two days with a temperature of or above 100 °F (38 °C). Conversely, the temperature drops to 32 °F (0 °C) or below 28 times per annum.[11] The record high temperature is 109 °F (43 °C), set on July 20, 1946, and the record low temperature is −1 °F (−18 °C), set on January 22, 1962.[11]

In the summer, the area sees little or no precipitation and plentiful sunshine — on average, 73.5 percent of days in July, August and September are at least partly sunny.[11][12] On the other hand, the majority of winter days are overcast[13] and rainy — during this period, rainfalls of 5–6 inches per month are not uncommon.[14] Roseburg averages 30.7 inches (779 mm) of rain per year, more than half of which falls between November and January. Light dustings of snow can sometimes be seen, but accumulations are rare.

Roseburg is known for its extremely low wind velocity.[15][16]

Climate data for Roseburg, Oregon (Airport), 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 70
(21)
79
(26)
83
(28)
92
(33)
105
(41)
104
(40)
109
(43)
107
(42)
104
(40)
96
(36)
76
(24)
70
(21)
109
(43)
Average high °F (°C) 49.8
(9.9)
53.4
(11.9)
57.7
(14.3)
62.5
(16.9)
69.5
(20.8)
76.2
(24.6)
85.9
(29.9)
85.3
(29.6)
79.7
(26.5)
65.8
(18.8)
53.8
(12.1)
48.1
(8.9)
65.64
(18.68)
Daily mean °F (°C) 43.4
(6.3)
45.2
(7.3)
48.2
(9)
51.9
(11.1)
58.3
(14.6)
64.2
(17.9)
71.4
(21.9)
70.8
(21.6)
65.6
(18.7)
55.4
(13)
47.2
(8.4)
42.4
(5.8)
55.33
(12.97)
Average low °F (°C) 37.1
(2.8)
37.0
(2.8)
38.7
(3.7)
41.3
(5.2)
47.0
(8.3)
52.2
(11.2)
57.0
(13.9)
56.4
(13.6)
51.4
(10.8)
44.9
(7.2)
40.7
(4.8)
36.8
(2.7)
45.04
(7.25)
Record low °F (°C) −1
(−18)
13
(−11)
19
(−7)
25
(−4)
26
(−3)
34
(1)
39
(4)
41
(5)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
15
(−9)
5
(−15)
−1
(−18)
Precipitation inches (mm) 4.92
(125)
2.62
(66.5)
3.00
(76.2)
2.45
(62.2)
2.05
(52.1)
0.75
(19)
0.11
(2.8)
0.20
(5.1)
0.82
(20.8)
2.10
(53.3)
4.66
(118.4)
6.99
(177.5)
30.67
(779)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in) 18.8 15.0 16.6 15.1 10.1 6.2 1.1 1.6 4.4 11.1 17.4 20.6 138
Source: NOAA [17]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860 835
1870 600 −28.1%
1880 822 37.0%
1890 1,472 79.1%
1900 1,690 14.8%
1910 4,738 180.4%
1920 4,258 −10.1%
1930 4,362 2.4%
1940 4,924 12.9%
1950 8,390 70.4%
1960 11,467 36.7%
1970 14,461 26.1%
1980 16,644 15.1%
1990 17,032 2.3%
2000 20,017 17.5%
2010 21,181 5.8%
Source: United States Census Bureau[18][19]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 21,181 people, 9,081 households, and 5,177 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,116.0 inhabitants per square mile (817.0 /km2). There were 9,732 housing units at an average density of 972.2 per square mile (375.4 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 91.0% White, 0.5% African American, 1.7% Native American, 1.6% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 1.4% from other races, and 3.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.5% of the population.

There were 9,081 households of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.2% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.6% had a male householder with no wife present, and 43.0% were non-families. 35.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 41.1 years. 21.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 9.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 23.8% were from 25 to 44; 26.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.1% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.0% male and 52.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 20,017 people, 8,237 households, and 5,098 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,171.1 people per square mile (838.2/km²). There were 8,838 housing units at an average density of 958.6 per square mile (370.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 93.56% White, 0.30% African American, 1.30% Native American, 0.99% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 1.26% from other races, and 2.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.73% of the population.

There were 8,237 households out of which 28.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.2% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.1% were non-families. 31.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.9% from 18 to 24, 26.5% from 25 to 44, 22.4% from 45 to 64, and 18.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $31,250, and the median income for a family was $40,172. Males had a median income of $32,624 versus $25,707 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,082. About 11.0% of families and 15.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.9% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary public education in Roseburg are provided by the Roseburg School District. Umpqua Community College is the city's two-year college.

Economy[edit]

Mercy Medical Center, a 178 bed hospital. Mercy is the 2nd largest employer in the town of Roseburg.

The unemployment rate in Roseburg is about 12 percent.[20] During the Great Recession of 2009, the unemployment rate peaked at 16.5% before falling.[21] The largest employer in the town is Roseburg Forest Products.[22] With 1,139 employees, Mercy Medical Center is the second largest employer in Roseburg.[23]

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

There are two newspapers serving Roseburg. The News-Review is published six days per week and is based in Roseburg. The Douglas County News is published weekly and is based in the nearby town of Sutherlin.

Television[edit]

Channel Callsign Network Notes
18 (36.1) KTVC 3ABN Satellite of KBLN-TV, Grants Pass
19 (4.1) KPIC CBS Satellite of KVAL-TV, Eugene
41 K41JQ NBC Repeater of KOBI, Medford
45 (46.1) KTCW NBC Satellite of KMTR, Eugene
46 K46KS-D ABC Repeater of KEZI, Eugene
47 K47HT 3ABN Repeater of KBLN-TV, Grants Pass
51 K51GJ-D PBS/OPB Repeater of KEPB, Eugene

Radio[edit]

AM

  • KGRV 700 Religious
  • KTBR 950 JPR News and Information
  • KQEN 1240 News/Talk
  • KSKR 1490 Sports

FM

  • KMPQ 88.1 NPR Variety
  • KEAR 88.5 Family Radio – Religious
  • KLOV 89.3 K-Love – Contemporary Christian
  • KAWZ 90.7 CSN – Religious
  • KSRS 91.5 JPR Classics and News
  • KSMF 91.9 JPR Rhythm and News
  • KDOV 92.7 Religious
  • KCNA 98.3 Classic Hits
  • KSKR-FM 101.1 Jelli – Top 40
  • KZEL-FM 102.1 Classic Rock
  • KRSB-FM 103.1 Country
  • KROG 103.7 Modern Rock
  • KKMX 104.5 Sam FM – Adult Hits
  • KYTT 105.5 Contemporary Christian
  • KLLF-LP 106.7 Religious

Transportation[edit]

Oregon Route 99 runs through downtown Roseburg as the main north-south arterial. Interstate 5 runs along the west side of the city, across the South Umpqua River from downtown.

Oregon Route 138 runs northwest from Roseburg to Elkton, Oregon, and generally east from Roseburg to its terminus at a junction with U.S. Route 97, just east of Diamond Lake and Crater Lake.

There is a Greyhound bus station with connecting service to Amtrak passenger rail service. The Central Oregon and Pacific Railroad freight railway runs through Roseburg. There are two public airports, Marion E. Carl Memorial Field at the north end of town and George Felt Airport to the west. Roseburg and surrounding communities are served by U-Trans (formerly Umpqua Transit), a local bus service.[24]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Roseburg has two sister cities:[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-21. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  7. ^ a b c McArthur, Lewis A.; Lewis L. McArthur (2003) [1928]. Oregon Geographic Names (Seventh ed.). Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press. ISBN 0-87595-277-1. 
  8. ^ Baker, Frank C. (1891). "Special Laws". The Laws of Oregon, and the Resolutions and Memorials of the Sixteenth Regular Session of the Legislative Assembly Thereof (Salem, Oregon: State Printer): 888. 
  9. ^ a b c Binus, Joseph. 2006. "Roseburg Blast Crater, 1959". In The Oregon History Project. Retrieved 6 October 2006.
  10. ^ "History Minute: Roseburg Blast: A Catastrophe and Its Heroes". Southern Oregon Public Television (SOPTV). Retrieved 6 October 2006. 
  11. ^ a b c "National Weather Service – NWS Medford". Nws.noaa.gov. 2006-07-21. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  12. ^ "ROSEBURG WB AP, OREGON USA Weather History and Climate Data". Worldclimate.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  13. ^ "Roseburg Douglas County Oregon average temperature, sunshine and precipitation data". Homefacts.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  14. ^ Roseburg, Oregon (OR) Detailed Profile. Retrieved 6 October 2006
  15. ^ "City Profile". City of Roseburg. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  16. ^ "Roseburg, Oregon (OR 97470) profile: population, maps, real estate, averages, homes, statistics, relocation, travel, jobs, hospitals, schools, crime, moving, houses, news, sex offenders". City-data.com. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 
  17. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  18. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 215.
  19. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000–2007" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2009-03-18. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  20. ^ "Economy in Roseburg, Oregon". Sperling's Best Places. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  21. ^ Mimms, Cory (September 2010). "Job loss in Roseburg". Oregon Business. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "Roseburg gets an incubator". Oregon Business. January 2010. Retrieved 18 August 2012. 
  23. ^ "Douglas County Largest Employers". Umpqua Economic Development Partnership. 
  24. ^ "U-Trans". 
  25. ^ "Sister Cities". City of Roseburg. Retrieved 2012-08-18. 

External links[edit]