Aast Town Hall
|• Mayor (2008–2020)||Romain Morlanne|
|Area1||4.75 km2 (1.83 sq mi)|
|• Density||40/km2 (100/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64001 / 64460|
|Elevation||367–393 m (1,204–1,289 ft)
(avg. 390 m or 1,280 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
The inhabitants are known as Aastais.
The local pronunciation is aas with a highly nasalised 'a' and a silent 't'.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Heraldry
- 5 Administration
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Economy
- 8 Culture and Heritage
- 9 See also
- 10 Notes
- 11 References
- 12 External links
The village is situated on the plateau of Ger and is composed of a dozen scattered houses. Aast is 20 km east of Pau and 20 km north of Lourdes. Access to the commune is by road D70 then D311 north-east from Gardères, road D64 north-west from Ger, and road D311 when coming south from Ponson-Dessus. Other country roads can also be used to access the commune.
Neighbouring communes and villages
Aast is the first French commune in alphabetical order. Previously, Aas, another commune in the Lower Pyrenees, came first until 1861, when it merged with the commune of Assouste to form the new commune of Eaux-Bonnes.
The commune's Béarnais name is also Aast.
According to Dauzat and Rostaing Aast comes from the Basque ast ("rock"). This seems unlikely given the physical setting. Michel Grosclaude suggests that the name of the town derives from an anthroponym composed of Aner + Aster. Brigitte Jobbé-Duval recalls that in 1429, Aast appeared as Hast, which means lance, and therefore advanced the theory that Aast could refer to a battle that occurred there.
The following table details the origins of the commune name.
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
There was a Lay Abbey in Aast which was abolished in 1791. The Lordship of Aast was owned by the Day family from 1674 until the French Revolution. In 1678, Jérome de Day, adviser to the king, bought the abbey and tithes with rights of patronage: he was to provide a priest and entitled to receive a portion of the tithe, to sit in the choir, to be first to receive the blessed bread, and to be buried in the church.
List of Successive Mayors of Aast
- Mayors from 1942
|1944||1945||Célestin Tisné Daban|
|1945||1945||Jean Sylvain Lascassies|
|1945||1949||Célestin Tisné Daban|
|1983||2008||Jean-Noël Lacourrège||RPR then UMP||General Counsel|
(Not all data is known)
In 2010 the commune had 192 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1] [Note 2]
The 2006 classification by INSEE, indicating the median household incomes for each commune with more than 50 households (30,687 out of the total of 36,681 communes identified) ranked Aast at 5274, with an average annual income of €18,858.
Culture and Heritage
The town has a number of old farmhouses:
- The Fray Farmhouse (17th century)
- A Farmhouse at Bayet (19th century)
- Houses and Farms (18th and 19th century)
The Church of Saint Martin (1854) dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours was built under Napoleon III during the administration of Mayor Bartholomew Lassus. Recently renovated by the artist Villarubias, there are many objects in the church registered as historical objects:
- A Processional Lantern (18th century)
- A Thurible (17th century)
- A Pail for holy water (19th century)
- A Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin (18th century)
- 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, and the Charity of St. Martin (19th century)
- Statue: Saint Joseph (19th century)
- Altar Pulpit (19th century)
- A Pulpit (18th century)
- 2 Altars and Tabernacles (19th century)
- The Main Altar (19th century)
- 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta (1927)
- The Furniture in the Church
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Géoportail, IGN, consulted on 14 October 2011 (French)
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymical Dictionary of communes, Béarn, ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006 ISBN 2-35068-005-3, page 201 (French)
- Google Maps
- SANDRE notice on Aast, consulted on 3 March 2009
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, ed. Archives and Culture ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Aast
- Manuscript from 1429 in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
- Arms of France
- Website for the Commune of Aast
- List of Mayors of France (French)
- Statistical Summary by commune, département, and area of employment website of INSEE consulted on 9 september 2009
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027123 Fray Farmhouse (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027122 Farmhouse at Bayet (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027121 Houses and Farms (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA00027125 Church of Saint Martin (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000012 Processional Lantern (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000011 Thurible (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000010 Pail for holy water (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000009 Painting: Christ on the cross with the Virgin, Saint Madeleine and Saint Martin (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000008 2 Paintings: Saint Martin Bishop, and the Charity of St. Martin (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000007 Statue: Saint Joseph (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000006 Altar Pulpit (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000005 Pulpit (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000004 2 Altars and Tabernacles (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000003 Main Altar (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000002 5 stained glass windows by Henri Gesta (French)
- Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM64000001 Furniture in the Church (French)
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