Aavasaksa

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Aavasaksa
Aavasaksa 1.jpg
Aavasaksa seen from the southwest in July 2004
Elevation 242 m (794 ft)
Location
Aavasaksa is located in Finland
Aavasaksa
Aavasaksa
Location of Aavasaksa in Finland
Location Lapland, Finland
Coordinates 66°23′52″N 23°43′30″E / 66.39778°N 23.72500°E / 66.39778; 23.72500Coordinates: 66°23′52″N 23°43′30″E / 66.39778°N 23.72500°E / 66.39778; 23.72500

Aavasaksa is a sharp-edged hill in Ylitornio municipality in Finnish Lapland. It has an elevation of 242 metres (794 ft). Aavasaksa is famous for its sights both towards Finland and Sweden and it is included to the list of the National Views of Finland. The emperor Alexander II of Russia visited the site in 1876. Decorative hunting cabin Keisarinmaja is one of the buildings on top of the hill and working as a cafe.

Due to its distinctive altitude above other hills around, it was first used by Pierre Louis Maupertuis in the French Geodesic Mission (1736–1737), and later became part of the Struve Geodetic Arc. As a result of this, UNESCO named Aavasaksa a World Heritage Site, along with the 33 other sites used in the Struve Geodetic Arc.

Aavasaksa is often considered as the southernmost point in Finland where the midnight sun is literally visible. The hill is surrounded by rivers running next to it: Torne River in the west and smaller Tengeliö river in east and north.

Asteroid 2678 Aavasaksa is named after the hill.

View from the observation tower atop Aavasaksa hill to the west towards Torne River and Sweden

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Aavasaksa at Wikimedia Commons