|Intercommunality||Pays de Morlaàs|
|Elevation||239–346 m (784–1,135 ft)
(avg. 335 m or 1,099 ft)
|Land area1||5.81 km2 (2.24 sq mi)|
|- Density||25 /km2 (65 /sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64002/ 64160|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
|2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.|
Abère is located to the north-east of Pau, about fifteen kilometres from that prefecture. Highway D7 (Route de Vic) heading east from Saint-Jammes passes through the southern portion of the commune. To reach Abère town turn left at the Chemin de Lapoutge and continue about 6 km. The Highway D207 coming south from Simacourbe passes along the eastern boundary of the commune.
Located in the watershed of the Adour, Abère is crossed by one tributary of the river: the Léez and the latter is fed by the Arriutort.
- The Teulère
Neighbouring communes and towns
||Escoubes||Gerderest and Monassut-Audiracq||Maspie-Lalonquère-Juillacq|
The name Abère was mentioned in the tenth century (according to Pierre de Marca), and appeared in the forms Oere and Bere (the 1385 census of Béarn had these two forms), Vere and Avere (in the 1385 census for Morlaàs, but uncertain if it is the same locality). Oeyre was mentioned in the 1487 registry of Béarnais businesses. Abere appears in the 18th century on the Cassini map in 1793 and in the 1801, Bulletin of Laws.
The commune's name in Béarnais is Avera.
Paul Raymond notes that in 1385, there were eight "fires" in Abère and that it depended on the bailiwick of Pau. The barony created in 1672 was to be a vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn. The town was part of the archdiocese of Vic-Bihl, which in turn depended on the diocese of Lescar of which Lembeye was the county seat.
List of Successive Mayors of Abère
(Not all data is known)
Abère is a member of three inter-communal organisations:
- the community of communes of the Pays de Morlaàs
- the AEP Union for the Luy and Gabas Regions
- the energy Union of the Pyrénées-Atlantiques
In 2010 the commune had 147 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the town since 1793. From the 21st century a census of municipalities with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1][Note 2]
From 1962 to 1999 there was no double counting of people who stayed in multiple communes.
Culture and Heritage
The Bordenave Abère Castle dates from the early 18th century.
At a place called the Teulère is a tile factory which was mentioned in the 17th century and shown in the Cassini Map.
The Rectory was bought by the town council in 1809 and restored in about 1867.
- The Church of St. John the Baptist partially dated to the 16th century. It contains
- Baptismal Font
- Carved Wood Altar
- Altar, Tabernacle, and 4 Candlesticks
- a table
- Processional Cross
- Altar Cross
- 4 Altar Candlesticks
all are registered in the general inventory of cultural heritage.
Notes and References
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For municipalities with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these municipalities is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- In the census table and the graph, by convention in Wikipedia, and to allow a fair comparison between five yearly censuses, the principle has been retained for subsequent legal populations since 1999 displayed in the census table and the graph that shows populations for the years 2006, 2011, 2016, etc.. , as well as the latest legal population published by INSEE
- Géoportail - IGN consulted on 14 October 2011
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027108 Tile Factory (Fr)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of basque Béarn-Pays (Fr)
- D'après Pierre de Marca, History of Béarn (Fr)
- Manuscript of the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymial Dictionary of communes, Béarn Ed. Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006 isbn 2-35068-005-3, page 214
- Manuscripts of the 15th and 16th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of place names - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, isbn 978-2-35077-151-9
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027107 Lay Abbey (Fr)
- Intercommunalité des Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027105 Bordenave Abère Castle (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027103 Menyucq Farmhouse (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027102 Houses and Farms (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027106 Rectory (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA00027104 Church of St. John the Baptist (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000447 Furniture in the Church of St. John the Baptist (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000443 Baptismal Font (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000440 Tabernacle (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000439 Carved wood Altar (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000438 Altar, Tabernacle, 4 Candlesticks (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000444 Table in the Church of St. John the Baptist (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000441 Statues in the Church of St. John the Baptist (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000446 Processional Cross (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000445 Altar Cross (Fr)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IM64000442 4 Altar Candlesticks (Fr)