Abaúj-Torna County

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Abaúj-Torna County
County of the Kingdom of Hungary
1882–1920

Coat of arms of Abaúj-Torna

Coat of arms

Location of Abaúj-Torna
Capital Kassa
History
 -  Established 1882
 -  Treaty of Trianon June 4 1920
Area
 -  1910 3,317 km2 (1,281 sq mi)
Population
 -  1910 202,288 
Density 61 /km2  (158 /sq mi)
Today part of Slovakia, Hungary
Košice is the current name of the capital.

Abaúj-Torna (Slovak: Abov-Turňa, German: Abaujwar-Tornau, Latin: comitatus Abaujvar-Tornensis) was an administrative county (comitatus) of the Kingdom of Hungary. Its capital was Košice (Hungarian: Kassa). Its territory is now in eastern Slovakia and north-eastern Hungary.

Geography[edit]

Around 1910, Abaúj-Torna county shared borders with the counties Gömör-Kishont (Gemer-Malohont), Szepes (Spiš), Sáros (Šariš), Zemplén (Zemplín), and Borsod. The rivers Hornád and Bodva flowed through the county. Its area was 3317 km² around 1910.

History[edit]

The county Abaúj-Torna was a combination of the counties Abaúj (Abov) and Torna (Turňa). It existed in three periods in the 18th, 19th and 20th century: first from 1785 until 1790, again from 1848 until 1859, and finally from 1882 until the end of World War I.

In the aftermath of World War I, the northern part of Abaúj-Torna county became part of newly formed Czechoslovakia (as Abovskoturnianska župa), as recognized by the concerned states in the 1920 Treaty of Trianon. It continued to exist as an administrative unit until 1922. The southern half stayed in Hungary as the county Abaúj-Torna, with capital Szikszó.

Following the provisions of the controversial First Vienna Award, most of the Czechoslovak part came under Hungarian control in November 1938. It was added to the county Abaúj-Torna, with capital Košice. After World War II, the Trianon border was restored, and the Hungarian county Abaúj-Torna merged with the county Borsod and the Hungarian part of Zemplén to form the present Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén county. Since 1993, when Czechoslovakia was split, the northern part of Abaúj-Torna is part of Slovakia's Košice Region.

Demographics[edit]

In 1900, the county had a population of 196,462 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[1]

Total:

According to the census of 1900, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[2]

Total:

In 1910, the county had a population of 202,288 people and was composed of the following linguistic communities:[3]

Total:

According to the census of 1910, the county was composed of the following religious communities:[4]

Total:

In 1941: 203,438 Hungarians, 18,879 Slovaks, 2581 Bunjevacs, 904 Germans, 623 Roma, 256 Ruthenians, 72 Romanians, 3 Croatians, 105 other; 140,377 Roman Catholics, 45,384 Protestants, 22,476 Greek Catholics, 14,764 Jewish, 4773 Evangelicals, 339 Greek Orthodox, 116 Baptists and 55 Unitarians.

Subdivisions[edit]

In the early 20th century, the subdivisions of Abaúj-Torna/Abov-Turňa county were:

Aerial Photo: Füzér – Castle
Districts (járás)
District Capital
Cserehát Szepsi, Slovak: Moldava nad Bodvou
Füzér Hernádzsadány, Slovak: Ždaňa
Gönc Abaújszántó
Kassa Kassa, Slovak: Košice
Szikszó Szikszó
Torna Torna, Slovak: Turňa nad Bodvou
Urban counties (törvényhatósági jogú város)
Kassa, Slovak: Košice

The towns Füzér, Szikszó, Gönc and Abaújszántó are now in Hungary.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  2. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-12-06. 
  3. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "KlimoTheca :: Könyvtár". Kt.lib.pte.hu. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 

Coordinates: 48°17′N 21°11′E / 48.28°N 21.19°E / 48.28; 21.19