Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Ngawa Prefecture
阿坝州 · རྔ་བ་ཁུལ། · Ggabba zhou
Autonomous Prefecture
阿坝藏族羌族自治州 · རྔ་བ་བོད་རིགས་ཆ་བ༹ང་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ · Ggabba Shbea Rrmea nyujugvez zhou
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
Buddhist stupa and houses outside the town of Ngawa Town, Sichuan, China.
Buddhist stupa and houses outside the town of Ngawa Town, Sichuan, China.
Location of Ngawa Prefecture in Sichuan
Location of Ngawa Prefecture in Sichuan
Coordinates: 31°55′N 101°43′E / 31.917°N 101.717°E / 31.917; 101.717Coordinates: 31°55′N 101°43′E / 31.917°N 101.717°E / 31.917; 101.717
Country People's Republic of China
Province Sichuan
Prefecture seat Barkam County (Barkam)
Government
 • Party Committee Secretary Shi Jun (侍俊)
 • Governor Zhang Dongsheng (张东升)
Area
 • Total 83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Total 874,000
 • Density 11/km2 (27/sq mi)
 • Major Ethnic Groups Tibetan-53.72%
Han-24.69%
Qiang- 18.28%
Time zone China Standard (UTC+08:00)
Area code(s) 0837
GDP Total ¥ 8.7 billion
GDP Per Capita ¥ 9,758
License Plate Prefix U
Website abazhou.gov.cn
Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese 阿坝藏族羌族自治州
Traditional Chinese 阿壩藏族羌族自治州
Abbreviated as "Ngawa Prefecture"
Simplified Chinese 阿坝州
Traditional Chinese 阿壩州
Tibetan name
Tibetan རྔ་བ་བོད་རིགས་དང་ཆང་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་

The Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (Tibetan: རྔ་བ་བོད་རིགས་དང་ཆང་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་; Qiang: Ggabba Shbea Rrmea nyujugvez zhou; Chinese: 阿坝藏族羌族自治州) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, bordering Gansu to the north and northeast and Qinghai to the northwest. Its seat is in the town of Barkam, and it has an area of 83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi).

Ngawa, also known as Ngaba, is the site of the epicenter of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, in which over 20,000 of its residents died.

The area has also been at the heart of the self-immolation protests by Tibetans in China during the years 2011 and 2012. About half of the self-immolations happened in Ngawa Prefecture; very few of them happened in Tibet Autonomous Region itself.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2000, the prefecture's population was 847,468 inhabitants at a density of 10.19 per km²:

Ethnic group Population Proportion
of total
Tibetan 455,238 53.72%
Han 209,270 24.69%
Qiang 154,905 18.28%
Hui 26,353 3.11%
Manchu 373 0.04%
Miao 266 0.03%
Yi 205 0.02%
Mongols 202 0.02%
Tujia 182 0.02%
Bai 101 0.01%
Zhuang 95 0.01%
others 278 0.03%

Languages[edit]

Major languages spoken in Ngawa Prefecture include Khams Tibetan, Mandarin Chinese and the Qiangic languages.

History[edit]

The region is part of the Tibetan cultural and historical region of Amdo.

In contemporary history, most part of Ngawa was under the 16th Administrative Prefecture of Szechwan (Chinese:四川省第十六行政督察區), which was established by the Republic of China (ROC).[1] The People's Republic of China defeated ROC troops in this area and established the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan by the end of 1952. It was renamed Ngawa Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in 1956 and Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in 1987.[2]

On May 12, 2008, a major earthquake occurred in Wenchuan County (Tibetan: ལུང་དགུ་Wylie: lung dgu), a county in the southeastern part of this autonomous prefecture. 20,258 people were killed, 45,079 injured, 7,696 missing in the prefecture as of June 6, 2008.[3][4]

According to visitors, access to the Internet in the prefecture has been severely restricted.[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The region is composed of thirteen counties:

Map
Ngawa mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Pinyin Tibetan Wylie Qiang Population
(2010 Census)
Area (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Barkam County 马尔康县 Mǎ'ěrkāng Xiàn འབར་ཁམས་རྫོང་། 'bar khams rdzong Muerkvua xian 58,437 6,639 8.80
2 Wenchuan County 汶川县 Wènchuān Xiàn ལུང་དགུ་རྫོང་། / ཁྲི་ཚང་རྫོང་། lung dgu rdzong / khri tshang rdzong 100,771 4,083 24.68
3 Li County 理县 Lǐ Xiàn བཀྲ་ཤིས་གླིང་། bkra shis gling pauɕuq 46,556 4,318 10.78
4 Mao County 茂县 Mào Xiàn མའོ་ཝུན། ma'o wun ʂqini 104,829 4,075 25.72
5 Songpan County 松潘县 Sōngpān Xiàn ཟུང་ཆུ་རྫོང་། zung chu rdzong 72,309 8,486 8.52
6 Jiuzhaigou County 九寨沟县 Jiǔzhàigōu Xiàn གཟི་རྩ་སྡེ་དགུ་རྫོང་། gzi rtsa sde dgu rdzong 81,394 5,286 15.39
7 Jinchuan County 金川县 Jīnchuān Xiàn ཆུ་ཆེན་རྫོང་། chu chen rdzong 65,976 5,524 11.94
8 Xiaojin County 小金县 Xiǎojīn Xiàn བཙན་ལྷ་རྫོང་། btsan lha rdzong 77,731 5,571 13.95
9 Heishui County 黑水县 Hēishuǐ Xiàn ཁྲོ་ཆུ་རྫོང་། khro chu rdzong khǝtʂǝp 60,704 4,154 14.61
10 Zamtang County 壤塘县 Rǎngtáng Xiàn འཛམ་ཐང་རྫོང་། 'dzam thang rdzong 39,173 6,836 5.73
11 Ngawa County 阿坝县 Ābà Xiàn རྔ་བ་རྫོང་། rnga ba rdzong 72,391 10,435 6.93
12 Zoigê County 若尔盖县 Ruò'ěrgài Xiàn མཛོད་དགེ་རྫོང་། mdzod dge rdzong 74,619 10,437 7.14
13 Hongyuan County 红原县 Hóngyuán Xiàn རྐ་ཁོག་རྫོང་། / ཁྱུང་མཆུ་རྫོང་། rka khog rdzong / khyung mchu rdzong 43,818 8,398 5.21

Tourism[edit]

Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.jpg

Tourism produced 71.0% of the GDP of the prefecture in 2006.[6] There are many places of interest in the prefecture. For example

Further reading[edit]

  • A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 2. The Gansu and Sichuan Parts of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
  • Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3

References[edit]

  1. ^ Öйú°¢°ÓÖÝ
  2. ^ 中国阿坝州
  3. ^ "Casualties in Wenchuan Earthquake" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02. 
  4. ^ "Death Toll in Ngawa Prefecture Rose to 20,258 as of June 6, 18:00 CST" (in Chinese). Official website of Ngawa Prefecture Government. 2008-06-07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-06-07. 
  5. ^ Beam, Christopher (2013-12-05), "Behind China’s Cyber Curtain. Visiting the country's far reaches, where the government shut down the Internet", New Republic 
  6. ^ 中国阿坝州

External links[edit]