Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
阿坝藏族羌族自治州 · རྔ་བ་བོད་རིགས་ཆ་བ༹ང་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture
|Aba, Sichuan Province, China.|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• CPC Party Chief||Shi Jun (侍俊)|
|• Governor||Zhang Dongsheng (张东升)|
|• Total||83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi)|
|• Density||11/km2 (27/sq mi)|
|• Major Ethnic Groups||Tibetan-53.72%
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|GDP Total||¥ 8.7 billion|
|GDP Per Capita||¥ 9,758|
|License Plate Prefix||川U|
|Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture|
|Abbreviated as "Ngawa Prefecture"|
The Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture (Tibetan: རྔ་བ་བོད་རིགས་དང་ཆང་རིགས་རང་སྐྱོང་ཁུལ་; Chinese: 阿坝藏族羌族自治州) is an autonomous prefecture of northwestern Sichuan, bordering Gansu to the north and northeast and Qinghai to the northwest. Its seat is in the town of Barkam, and it has an area of 83,201 km2 (32,124 sq mi).
Ngawa, also known as Ngaba, is the site of the epicenter of the 2008 Sichuan earthquake, in which over 20,000 of its residents died.
The area has also been at the heart of the wave of self-immolations of ethnic Tibetans in China during the years 2011 and 2012. About half of the self-immolations happened in Ngawa Prefecture; very few of them happened in Tibet Autonomous Region itself.
As of 2000[update], the prefecture's population was 847,468 inhabitants at a density of 10.19 per km²:
- Barkam County: rGyalrong
- Li County: Southern Qiang, rGyalrong
- Mao County: Northern Qiang, Southern Qiang
- Jiuzhaigou County: Baima
- Jinchuan County: Lavrung, rGyalrong
- Xiaojin County: rGyalrong
- Heishui County: Southern Qiang, rGyalrong
- Zamtang County: rGyalrong
The region is part of the Tibetan cultural and historical region of Amdo.
In contemporary history, most part of Ngawa was under the 16th Administrative Prefecture of Szechwan (Chinese:四川省第十六行政督察區), which was established by the Republic of China (ROC). The People's Republic of China (PRC) defeated ROC troops in this area and established the Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture of Sichuan by the end of 1952. It was renamed Ngawa Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture in 1956, and Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture in 1987.
On May 12, 2008, a major earthquake occurred in Wenchuan County (Tibetan: lung dgu), a county in the southeastern part of this autonomous prefecture. 20,258 people were killed, 45,079 injured, 7,696 missing in the prefecture as of June 6, 2008.
According to visitors, access to the Internet in the prefecture has been severely restricted.
The region is composed of thirteen counties:
|1||Barkam County||马尔康县||Mǎ'ěrkāng Xiàn||འབར་ཁམས་རྫོང་||'bar khams rdzong||50,000||6,639||8|
|2||Wenchuan County||汶川县||Wènchuān Xiàn||ཝུན་ཁྲོན་རྫོང་༼ལུང་དགུ༽||wun khron rdzong||110,000||4,083||27|
|3||Li County||理县||Lǐ Xiàn||བཀྲ་ཤིང་གླིང་༼ལི་རྫོང་༽||li rdzong||40,000||4,318||9|
|4||Mao County||茂县||Mào Xiàn||110,000||4,075||27|
|5||Songpan County||松潘县||Sōngpān Xiàn||ཟུང་ཆུ་རྫོང་||zung chu rdzong||70,000||8,486||8|
|6||Jiuzhaigou County||九寨沟县||Jiǔzhàigōu Xiàn||གཟི་རྩ་སྡེ་དགུ་རྫོང༌།||gzi-rtsa-sde-dgu rdzong||60,000||5,286||11|
|7||Jinchuan County||金川县||Jīnchuān Xiàn||ཆུ་ཆེན་རྫོང་||chu chen rdzong||70,000||5,524||13|
|8||Xiaojin County||小金县||Xiǎojīn Xiàn||བཙན་ལྷ་རྫོང་||btsan lha rdzong||80,000||5,571||14|
|9||Heishui County||黑水县||Hēishuǐ Xiàn||ཁྲོ་ཆུ་རྫོང་||khro chu rdzong||60,000||4,154||14|
|10||Zamtang County||壤塘县||Rǎngtáng Xiàn||འཛམ་ཐང་རྫོང་||'dzam thang rdzong||30,000||6,836||4|
|11||Aba County||阿坝县||Ābà Xiàn||རྔ་བ་རྫོང་||rnga ba rdzong||60,000||10,435||6|
|12||Zoigê County||若尔盖县||Ruò'ěrgài Xiàn||མཛོད་དགེ་རྫོང་||mdzod dge rdzong||70,000||10,437||7|
|13||Hongyuan County||红原县||Hóngyuán Xiàn||རྐ་ཁོག་རྫོང་||rka khog rdzong||40,000||8,398||5|
Tourism produced 71.0% of the GDP of the prefecture in 2006. There are many places of interest in the prefecture. For example
- Wolong National Nature Reserve in Wenchuan County is a reserve for giant pandas. It is the best-known place to watch pandas. China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda was established there in 1980.
- Gerdeng Monastery
- Narshi Gonpa monastery
- Huanglong is a scenic and historic interest area in Songpan County.
- Jiuzhaigou Valley is a nature reserve in Jiuzhaigou County. It is known for its many multi-level waterfalls and colorful lakes, and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1992.
- Mount Siguniang (Chinese: 四姑娘山; Tibetan: སྐུ་བླ; former Chinese name: 四姑山, transcription of སྐུ), the highest point of the Qionglai Mountains, is on the border of Xiaojin County (Chinese: 小金县; Tibetan: བཙན་ལྷ) and Wenchuan County.
- A. Gruschke: The Cultural Monuments of Tibet’s Outer Provinces: Amdo - Volume 2. The Gansu and Sichuan Parts of Amdo, White Lotus Press, Bangkok 2001. ISBN 974-480-049-6
- Tsering Shakya: The Dragon in the Land of Snows. A History of Modern Tibet Since 1947, London 1999, ISBN 0-14-019615-3
- "Casualties in Wenchuan Earthquake" (in Chinese). Sina.com. 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-06-02.
- "Death Toll in Ngawa Prefecture Rose to 20,258 as of June 6, 18:00 CST" (in Chinese). Official website of Ngawa Prefecture Government. 2008-06-07. Archived from the original on 2008-06-09. Retrieved 2008-06-07.
- Beam, Christopher (2013-12-05), "Behind China’s Cyber Curtain. Visiting the country's far reaches, where the government shut down the Internet", New Republic
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Aba (prefecture).|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture.|