|아바이마을 · Abai Village|
|• Revised Romanization||Abai Village|
Location in South Korea
|• Total||0.30 km2 (0.12 sq mi)|
Abai Village (아바이마을) is a small village of North Korean refugees located in Cheong-Ho District (청호동), Sokcho City (속초시), Gangwon Province (강원도), South Korea (대한민국). The residents of the village consist mainly of refugess originally hailing from Hamgyeong Province (함경도) in North Korea (조선민주주의인민공화국) who escaped south during the Korean War.
In 1950, as the North Korean forces pushed Southward on their mission of unification they were joined by a force of 300,000 Chinese troops from the People's Volunteer Army. This influx of military force proved to much for the UN coalition forces and led to what is known as the 1.4 Retreat (Korean Wiki) as they retreated to the Southeast to the Busan (부산) area. It was during this retreat that a group of around 6000 refugees from Hamgyeong Province (함경도) in the Northeastern part of the country escaped south and set up shelters on a sandbar in Sokcho (속초시). Conditions upon their arrival were far from ideal, as the tides upon the sandbar would often leave parts of it incredibly muddy and cause water damage to the homes. Originally the refugees intended to stay only temporarily and head back to their homes in Hamgyeong Province (함경도), but the outcome of the war made their stay much more permanent than expected. As the country was divided along the 38th Parallel, they residents of the village found themselves unable to return home. Most of the residents lived out the rest of their lives in the village or other parts of South Korea, but a there have been a few that have applied for residency in the North so that they can return home.
The name "Abai (아바이)" comes from the Hamgyeong Province (함경도) dialect and means "Uncle" or "Aged Person". The nickname became attached to the village due to a large percentage of the refugees being of elderly age. The refugees in the village mainly subsisted on fishing in the Sea of Japan (East Sea), and the area continues to be known today for its seafood restaurants. Since the founding of the village, the population has slowly dwindled down to only a few hundred citizens as families have moved on to live in other urban centers throughout the country. Today the area is a cluster of small homes that haven't changed much since the war, and the seafood restaurants that are run by the fishing families that remain 
Besides the fishing industry, Abai Village (아바이마을) survives on income from tourists who come to the area to visit the village as well as hike Seorak Mountain (설악산). Since the year 2000, the area has seen increased tourism due to the popularity of the Korean Drama Autumn in My Heart (가을동화) on KBS Many scenes featured the main character riding on the Gaetbae Boat (갯배), a floating raft of tires and wood pulled along a cable that served as the main way to get from the little island to downtown Sokcho (속초) until the recent completion of a bridge made driving a possibility.
The village also sees a fair amount of tourists come through to try the famous "Abai Sundae (아바이순대)," which is a squid stuffed with a mixture of clear noodles, tofu, vegetables, and squid. Other popular dishes include the North Korean cold noodle dish Naengmyeon (냉면) 
Tourists interested in historical artifacts of the village visit to Sokcho City Museum (속초시립박물관), which contains replicas of the original homes that were set up by the refugees. These early huts were mostly made of scrap wood and metal, newspapers, and cardboard.
- http://www.korva.or.kr/en/m3_history_2.htm Korean Veterans Association
- http://www.abai.co.kr/abai/abai_02.html (Website has periodic troubles, try viewing a cached page