Abakaliki

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Abakaliki
Abakaliki is located in Nigeria
Abakaliki
Abakaliki
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°20′N 8°06′E / 6.333°N 8.100°E / 6.333; 8.100
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
State Ebonyi State
Population (2006)[1]
 • Total 79,280

Abakaliki is the capital city of the present-day Ebonyi State in southeastern Nigeria, located 64 kilometres (40 mi) southeast of Enugu.[2] The inhabitants are primarily members of the Igbo nation.[1] It was the headquarters of the Ogoja province before the creation of the Southeastern State in 1967.

Etymology[edit]

The name Abakaliki Which originally means Aba Nkaleke is a name of a community in Izzi land (Nkaleke).

Economy[edit]

Abakaliki, as in the past, is a center of agricultural trade including such products as yams, cassava, rice, and both palm oil and palm kernels,[1] as well as kola nuts.[2] It is also known for its local lead, zinc, salt, and limestone mining or quarrying.[1][2] They host many golf course and hotels. The huge incentives and tax holiday offered by Ebonyi state government to all major private investors have brought about a marked increase in new businesses in Abakaliki city. The government promotes both poultry and egg production.[1]

History[edit]

Abakaliki was a important center for the slave trade in the 17th century.[3] The slave trade continued in the area with Aro raids into Abakaliki and surrounding areas through the 18th century.[4]

Old Abakaliki, ca.1910

Population[edit]

Its 2006 population was 79,280.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Abakaliki is generally populated by the Igbo people. The Igbo can be further divided into 5 subgroup. Abakaliki is predominantly populated by the Northeastern Igbo of the Afikpo-Abakaliki axis.[5]

Infrastructure[edit]

Abakaliki lies at the intersection of the Enugu, Afikpo and Ogoja Roads.[1] Abakaliki also hosts a Federal hospital, which has largely contributed to the affordability of public healthcare delivery in the city and the state.

Education[edit]

Ebonyi State University main campus is located within the outskirts of the city

Religion[edit]

On March 1, 1973, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Abakaliki.[citation needed]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Hoiberg 2010, p. 7
  2. ^ a b c Cohen 1998, p. 2
  3. ^ Oriji 2011, pp. 107-108
  4. ^ Oriji 2011, p. 126
  5. ^ Oriji 2011, p. 10

References[edit]

  • Cohen, Saul B., ed. (1998). "Abakaliki". The Columbia Gazetteer of the World. 1: A to G. New York, NY: Columbia University Press. ISBN 0-231-11040-5. 
  • Hoiberg, Dale H., ed. (2010). "Abakaliki". Encyclopædia Britannica. 1: A-ak Bayes (15th ed.). Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. ISBN 0-85229-961-3. LCCN 2002113989. 
  • Oriji, John N. (2011). Political Organization in Nigeria Since the Last Stone Age: A History of the Igbo People. New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-230-62193-0. LCCN 2010025628. 

Coordinates: 6°20′N 8°06′E / 6.333°N 8.100°E / 6.333; 8.100