Abanilla

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For the wine designation, see Abanilla (Vino de la Tierra).

Coordinates: 38°12′N 1°03′W / 38.200°N 1.050°W / 38.200; -1.050

Abanilla
Skyline of Abanilla
Coordinates: 38°12′N 1°3′W / 38.200°N 1.050°W / 38.200; -1.050
Country Spain
Province Murcia
Comarca Comarca Oriental
Government
 • Mayor Fernando Molina Parra (Partido Popular)
Area
 • Total 236.6 km2 (91.4 sq mi)
Elevation 201 m (659 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Total 6,642
 • Density 26.48/km2 (68.6/sq mi)
Post code 30640 (Abanilla Town), 30648 (Barinas)
Area code(s) 968 and 868
Twin cities
 • Villeurbanne (France)
Website www.abanilla.es

Abanilla is a Spanish municipality located in the Comarca Oriental (composed by Fortuna and Abanilla) in the Autonomous Community of Murcia. It lies close to the border of the province of Alicante in the Autonomous Community of Valencia.

Geography[edit]

Abanilla occupies a surface area of 236.6 km² and is situated 222 metres above sea level. It lies on a natural foundation which has been degraded by a number of aggregate and marble quarries.

The remarkable Quibas paleontological site lies within the limits of the municipality.

Points of interest[edit]

Points of interest in Abanilla include the Old Town (containing the monument to the Corazón de Jesús), the Fuente de Algarrobo (Fountain of the Carob Tree), the Santuario de Mahoya (Sanctuary of Mahoya), and the Iglesia Parroquial de San José (Parochial Church of St. Joseph). Other sights worth visiting include the source of the River Chícamo and the mountains of Abanilla and Quibas.

Monuments[edit]

Buildings of monumental significance in Abanilla include the La Iglesia de San José (the Church of San José) (18th century), El Sagrado Corazón (Sacred Heart) in Abanilla Town and Barinas, La Casa de la Encomienda, La Casa Cabrera, La Casa Pintada, El Monumento a las Fiestas de Moros y Cristianos (the Monument to the Festivals of the Moors and Christians) and La casa del francés (the French's house).

There is a destroyed medieval enceinte in Abanilla.

Local communities[edit]

An abandoned quarry in Barinas

Local communities within the Abanilla municipality include the following.

  • Barinas, a rural town located 11 km from Abanilla town, at an elevation of 379 m.
  • Macisvenda, located 10 km from Abanilla town, a crossroads of the roads to La Algueña, El Cantón, Hondón de los Frailes and Hondón de las Nieves.
  • Other communities include Mahoya, El Cantón, Cañada de la Leña, El Partidor, El Tollé, Los Baños de Fortuna, Casa Cabrera, Casa Pintada, Los Carrillos, La Umbría, Collado de los Gabrieles, Ricabacica, El Algarrobo, Campules, Balonga, Mafraque and El Olivar.
Barinas´ Sacred Heart

Politics[edit]

The mayor of Abanilla was Álvaro Gaona (Partido Independiente) from 1979 to 1983 and José Luís Cutillas Rivera (Partido Socialista Obrero Español) from 1983 to 1987. The last five terms (1987–1991, 1991–1995, 1995–1999, 1999–2003 and 2003–2007) have been presided by Fernando Molina Parra of the Partido Popular.

Demographics[edit]

Population levels from 1900-2005 in comparison with the comarca as a whole

The population of Abanilla is 6,256 (INE, 2005), with a population density of 26.48 persons/km².

Demographic evolution in Abanilla 1857-2008
1857 1860 1877 1887 1897 1900 1910 1920 1930 1940 1950 1960
4.324 4.650 5.689 5.617 6.121 6.634 7.451 7.641 8.179 8.220 8.620 8.594
1970 1981 1991 1996 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
8.675 7.049 5.827 6.130 6.033 6.040 6.239 6.145 6.245 6.333 6.568 6.642

Culture[edit]

Gastronomy[edit]

Typical local dishes include home-made sausages, paella with rabbit and snails, gachasmigas. In particular, desserts include fruit from the fertile orchards, such as the region's renowned Damascus apricots. Traditional confectionery includes doughnuts, sweetbreads, muffins and typical Christmas sweets. All this is enhanced by the high quality oil pressed in local mills in the ancient custom.

Festivals[edit]

The International Folklore Festival is an important event which takes place in the first week of August. Between 23 April and 9 May, the festivals of Santa Cruz take place, featuring parades of Moors and Christians. In addition, from June through to the middle of September, the various communities celebrate their own individual festivals.

External links[edit]