Abarshahr was a satrapy (province) of the Sasanian Empire. The population was supported by the Hari river, which was used for irrigation. Strabo cited the regions abundant wine-production. Cities in the region were Candac, Artacauan, and Apameia, and Pushang (founded by Shapur I), among others. The capital was a vital point of administration and of communications toward Bactria, India, and Sagistan. The region was involved in the Indian and Chinese trade. Its governor bore the unique title of kanarang.
The capital of Abarshahr was also named Abarshahr, today it is called Nishapur.