Abasha

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Abasha
აბაშა
Abasha's main street
Abasha's main street
Flag of Abashaაბაშა
Flag
Official seal of Abashaაბაშა
Seal
Abashaაბაშა is located in Georgia (country)
Abashaაბაშა
Abasha
აბაშა
Location in Georgia
Coordinates: 42°12′N 42°13′E / 42.200°N 42.217°E / 42.200; 42.217Coordinates: 42°12′N 42°13′E / 42.200°N 42.217°E / 42.200; 42.217
Country  Georgia
Region Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti
Elevation 23 m (75 ft)
Population (2002)
 • Total 6,400
Website abasha.ge

Abasha (Georgian: აბაშა) is a town in western Georgia with a population of 6,400 (2002 census). It is situated between the rivers of Abasha and Noghela, at 23m above sea level and is located some 283 km (176 mi) to the west of Tbilisi. The settlement of Abasha acquired the status of a town in 1964 and currently functions as an administrative center of the Abasha District within the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region. The headquarters of the Georgian Orthodox Eparchy of Chkondidi is also located in Abasha.

The modern history of Abasha is primarily associated with a resonant Soviet-era economic experiment introduced by the Georgian Communist party chief Eduard Shevardnadze in the 1970s. In 1971, Shevardnadze grouped all regional agricultural institutions, including the kolkhoz, into a single management association. At the same time, those who worked on the land received material and financial preference. The move facilitated local initiative and coordination and led to a rapid increase in agricultural production in the hitherto very poor Abasha District. It had been the first private enterprise in the Soviet Union since Lenin. Early in the 1980s, the "Abasha experiment" was expanded, with varying degrees of success, to other regions of Georgia.[1]

People from Abasha[edit]

Abasha District

References[edit]

  1. ^ Suny, Ronald Grigor (1994), The Making of the Georgian Nation: 2nd edition, page 312. Indiana University Press, ISBN 0-253-20915-3

External links[edit]