The Abasha at the village of Gachedili
|Length||66 km (41 mi)|
The Abasha (Georgian: აბაშა, Mingrelian: აბაშა), also known as the Abashistskali (Georgian: აბაშისწყალი) or Abashatskari (Mingrelian: აბაშაწყარი) is a river in western Georgia, running for 66 km in the municipalities of Martvili and Abasha, Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region. Its catchment area is 370 km2.
The Abasha river takes its origin through the confluence of the mountain streams Rachkhitskali and Toba, located near the village of Baldi, at 325 m above sea level, and meets the Tekhuri as its left tributary.
The Abasha forms a narrow canyon near the village of Gachedili (Gochkadili), where the Abasha hydroelectric power station was built in 1928. In July 2010, the Ilia State University expedition discovered footprints of the herbivorous dinosaurs as well as ammonites, brachiopods, and sea urchins dating from the Late Cretaceous (100.5–65.5 Ma). In October 2010, the Gachedili canyon was made a protected area by the government of Georgia.
Etymology and history
The legendary etymology of the hydronym "Abasha" is found in the 11th-century History of King Vakhtang Gorgasali, part of the Georgian Chronicles, which, relating the story of the Arab invasion of 735, claims that the flooding river afflicted the "Abash" contingent of the invading army, being subsequently named Abasha after this event. Modern scholars see the hydronym as a compound of the male given name Aba and the adjectival suffix -shi or, alternatively, the Persian-derived word, ab (آب, "water") plus the diminutive -cha.
The Abasha traversed one of the principal districts of historical western Georgia. The important medieval church establishment of Chqondidi was located in the Abasha valley. In the 18th and 19th centuries, a southeastern district of the Principality of Mingrelia was sometimes referred to as Abasha after the river.
- "აბაშა" [Abasha]. ქართული საბჭოთა ენცილოპედია [Georgian Soviet Encyclopedia] (in Georgian) 1. Tbilisi. 1975. p. 17.
- "Discovery of Paleontologists". Ilia State University. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- "New protected area in Martvili district". Rustavi2. 4 October 2010. Retrieved 29 June 2013.
- Thomson, Robert W. (1996). Rewriting Caucasian history: the medieval Armenian adaptation of the Georgian chronicles; the original Georgian texts and the Armenian adaptation. Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 244–245. ISBN 0198263732.
- Kekelia, Igor (2012). "Vakhusti Bagrationi and the issues of historic geography of Abasha Gorge". In Ioseliani, Khatuna. Studies in History and Ethnology (Tbilisi: Ivane Javakhishvili Institute of History and Ethnology) XIV: 141–170. ISSN 1512-2727. Retrieved 29 June 2013.