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The most common contemporary usage of the word is among the Zulu speaking population of South Africa where it takes on a meaning of dwarf or 'Bushmen' in reference to the former hunter-gatherers of the region. There are still peoples of South Africa that identify as Abatwa in the Drakensberg Mountains region and around Chrissiesmeer (see ǁXegwi language).
- Francis, Michael(2009) ‘Silencing the past: Historical and archaeological colonisation of the Southern San [Abatwa] KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa’. Anthropology Southern Africa Vol 32 (3 & 4).
- Francis, Michael (2009) ‘Abatwa–The Eland Ceremony’ in Encyclopaedia of Social Movement Media. Sage Publications.
- Francis, Michael (2007) PhD Thesis University of KwaZulu-Natal: ‘Explorations in ethnicity and social change among San descendents of the Drakensberg Mountains, KwaZulu-Natal’.