Abbas Ali Khalatbari

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Abbas Ali Khalatbari
Abbas-Ali Khal'atbari.jpg
Minister of Foreign Affairs
In office
1971 – 27 August 1978
Monarch Mohammad Reza Pahlavi
Prime Minister Amir Abbas Hoveyda
Preceded by Ardeshir Zahedi
Succeeded by Amir Khosrow Afshar
General Secretary of CENTO
In office
June 1962 – January 1968
Preceded by Mirza Osman Ali Baig
Succeeded by Turgut Menemencioglu
Personal details
Born 1912
Died 11 April 1979 (aged 66–67)
Tehran
Nationality Iranian

Abbas Ali Khalatbari (1912 – 11 April 1979) was an Iranian diplomat, who served as the minister of foreign affairs from 1971 to 1978.

Early years and education[edit]

Khalatbari was born in 1912.[1][2] He was a member of a well-established family.[3][4]

He received a bachelor's degree in political sciences in Paris in 1936.[5] He held a PhD in law, which he again received in Paris in 1938.[5]

Career[edit]

Khalatbari was a career diplomat.[6] He was among the significant diplomats who shaped the foreign relations of Iran under the reign of Mohammad Reza Pahlavi.[3] He began his career in finance ministry in 1940 and then joined the foreign ministry in 1942.[5] He briefly served as the Iran's ambassador to Poland in 1961.[5]

He was appointed secretary general of CENTO in January 1962, replacing Mirza Osman Ali Baig in the post.[7][8] Khalatbari was in office until January 1968 when Turgut Menemencioglu succeeded him in the post.[9] From 1968 to 1970 he served as the deputy minister of foreign affairs.[10]

Khalatbari was appointed foreign minister in 1971, replacing Ardeshir Zahedi in the post.[1] Khalatbari paid an official visit to Israel in 1977 as a guest of his Israeli counterpart Yigal Allon.[11] His term ended on 27 August 1978[12] and he was replaced by Amir Khosrow Afshar as foreign minister.[2] Although being loyal to the Shah, Khalatbari learned his removal from the early morning radio news.[13]

Personal life[edit]

Khalatbari was married and had four children.[5] He was fluent in French and English.[5]

Later years and death[edit]

Khalatbari was arrested and sentenced to death on the charges of corruption and treason (signing the 1975 Algiers pact and the contract to build the first nuclear power plant in Iran) following the 1979 Islamic revolution.[14] He and ten other officials of the Shah were executed by the security forces of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Tehran on 11 April 1979.[15] Shortly before his execution, a written statement of Khalatbari's reports in the court was issued, claiming that the ousted shah had "personally" killed many people.[15]

Honors[edit]

Khalatbari was the recipient of Homayoun First Class and Taj Third Class honors.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Iran Rulers effective 1694 to Date". Peymanmeli. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Foreign ministers E-K". Rulers. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Alidad Mafinezam; Aria Mehrabi (2008). Iran and Its Place Among Nations. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 36. ISBN 978-0-275-99926-1. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  4. ^ "Centers of Power in Iran" (Intelligence Report). CIA. May 1972. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g "In Memory of Abbas Ali Khalatbary Foreign Minister of Iran". Sedona. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  6. ^ "Law And Human Rights in The Islamic Republic of Iran" (Report). Amnesty International. February 1980. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  7. ^ "Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)". World Statesmen. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  8. ^ "Biographical Sketches". Massachusetts Historical Society. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  9. ^ Bob Reinalda; Kent Kille (21 August 2012). "Biographical Dictionary of Secretaries-General of International Organizations". IO BIO Database. 
  10. ^ Ghaffari, Mahmoud (7 May 2004). "Sense and humor". The Iranian. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  11. ^ Benjamin Beit Hallahmi (1987). The Israeli Connection: Whom Israel Arms and why. I.B.Tauris. p. 10. ISBN 978-1-85043-069-8. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "A chronology of the Iranian Revolution (1978–79)". Derkeiler. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  13. ^ Bill, James A. (Winter 1978–79). "Iran and the crisis of '78". Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 29 July 2013. 
  14. ^ "One person's story. Mr. Abbas Ali Khal'atbari". OMID. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "Iran court testimony". The Montreal Gazette (Tehran). UPI. 12 April 1979. Retrieved 25 July 2013.