|This article does not cite any references or sources. (May 2013)|
|This section is incomplete. (December 2013)|
The Abbasid Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة العباسية al-Khilāfah al-‘Abbāsīyyah), was the third of the Islamic caliphates. It was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty of caliphs, who built their capital in Baghdad, Iraq after overthrowing the Umayyad caliphate from all but the al-Andalus region.
The Abbasid caliphate was founded by the descendants of the Prophet Muhammad's youngest uncle, Abbas ibn Abd al-Muttalib (566–653), in Kufa in 750 CE and shifted its capital in 762 to Baghdad. Within 150 years of gaining control of Persia, the caliphs were forced to cede power to local dynastic emirs who only nominally acknowledged their authority. The caliphate also lost the Western provinces of al-Andalus, Maghreb and Ifriqiya to an Umayyad prince, the Aghlabids and the Fatimid Caliphate, respectively.
The Abbasids' rule was briefly ended for three years in 1258, when Hulagu Khan, the Mongol khan, sacked Baghdad, resuming in Mamluk Egypt in 1261, from where they continued to claim authority in religious matters until 1519, when power was formally transferred to the Ottoman Empire and the capital relocated to Constantinople.
Members of the Abbasy or Abbasid family can be found in: Iraq (mainly), Bahrain, Morocco, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Iran, Turkey, Jordan, Egypt, Palestine, Pakistan, Somalia, Syria,India Tunisia and Europe in Italy, Spain and Greece.
|This page or section lists people with the surname Abbasi. If an internal link intending to refer to a specific person led you to this page, you may wish to change that link by adding the person's given name(s) to the link.|