|— City —|
|Henry County and the state of Alabama|
|• Mayor||Ryan Blalock|
|• Total||15.6 sq mi (40.4 km2)|
|• Land||15.5 sq mi (40.3 km2)|
|• Water||0.1 sq mi (0.1 km2) 0.32%|
|Elevation||449 ft (137 m)|
|• Density||192/sq mi (74.1/km2)|
|Time zone||CST (UTC-6)|
|• Summer (DST)||CDT (UTC-5)|
|* Official website (English)|
Abbeville is a city in Henry County, Alabama, United States. It is part of the Dothan, Alabama Metropolitan Statistical Area. At the 2010 census, the population was 2,688. The city is the county seat of Henry County. It is the first city alphabetically, both by city and state, in the Rand McNally Road Atlas. It is home to two high schools: Abbeville High School and Abbeville Christian Academy. It holds chapters of the Red Cross and Habitat for Humanity.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 15.6 square miles (40 km2), of which, 15.6 square miles (40 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.32%) is water.
Abbeville is the oldest remaining colonial settlement in East Alabama from Florida to the Tennessee line. It's older than the county of Henry and the State of Alabama. The city was named for "Abbe", a local Muscogee Indian man at the time of the town's settlement. The name means "a grove of dogwood trees". An active trading post was located in Abbeville in Alabama Territory early in 1819. The first settler gateway to the wiregrass was at Franklin located fourteen miles west of Abbeville.
In 1950 Abbeville had a population of 2,162.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,987 people, 1,172 households, and 787 families residing in the city. The population density was 192.0 people per square mile (74.1/km²). There were 1,353 housing units at an average density of 86.9 per square mile (33.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 56.65% White, 39.94% Black or African American, 0.07% Asian, 2.85% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. 3.52% of the population were Hispanic or Latino.
There were 1,172 households out of which 27.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.8% were married couples living together, 17.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.8% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 3.01.
In the city the population was spread out with 22.9% under the age of 18, 8.4% from 18 to 24, 22.1% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 23.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $23,266, and the median income for a family was $37,917. Males had a median income of $26,250 versus $20,603 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,215. About 17.3% of families and 21.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.1% of those under age 18 and 29.6% of those age 65 or over.
In 2010 Abbeville had a population of 2,688. The racial and ethnic makeup of the population was 53.7% non-Hispanic white, 41.4% black or African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 1.2% reporting two or more races and 3.1% Hispanic or Latino.
Abbeville is governed via a mayor-council government. The mayor is elected at large. The city council consists of five members who are elected from districts.
Abbeville is served by one radio station, WESZ-LP.
Public schools 
Abbeville is a part of the Henry County Public Schools system.
Private schools 
Notable natives 
- Chris Porter, former Auburn University basketball player and professional basketball player
- Recy Taylor, an African-American woman whose gang-rape in Abbeville by six white men provided an early organizational spark for the nationwide Civil Rights movement.
The Henry County Courthouse is located in Abbeville.
Abbeville Post Office (ZIP code: 36310)
Atlantic Coast Line Railroad Depot in Abbeville.
- "Annual Estimates of the Population for Incorporated Places in Alabama". United States Census Bureau. 2008-07-10. Archived from the original on 1 August 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-14.
- "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Abbeville city, Alabama". U.S. Census Bureau. 2010. Retrieved 2012-11-10.
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Encyclopædia Britannica Atlas, 1959 Edition, p. 298.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- McGuire, At the Dark End of the Street, p. 39.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Abbeville, Alabama|