Abbey Lincoln in concert, 1992
|Birth name||Anna Marie Wooldridge|
August 6, 1930|
Chicago, Illinois, U.S.
|Died||August 14, 2010
Manhattan, New York, U.S.
|Occupations||Singer, songwriter, actress, civil rights activist|
Anna Marie Wooldridge (August 6, 1930 – August 14, 2010), known by her stage name Abbey Lincoln, was an American jazz vocalist, songwriter, and actress, who wrote and performed her own compositions. She was a civil rights advocate during the 1960s.
Lincoln was one of many singers influenced by Billie Holiday. She often visited the Blue Note jazz club in New York City. Her debut album, Abbey Lincoln’s Affair – A Story of a Girl in Love, was followed by a series of albums for Riverside Records. In 1960 she sang on Max Roach's landmark civil rights-themed recording, We Insist! Lincoln’s lyrics were often connected to the civil rights movement in America.
During the 1980s, Lincoln’s creative output was smaller and she released only a few albums during that decade. Her song "For All We Know" is featured in the 1989 film Drugstore Cowboy. During the 1990s and until her death, however, she fulfilled a 10-album contract with Verve Records. These albums are highly regarded and represent a crowning achievement in Lincoln’s career. Devil’s Got Your Tongue (1992) featured Rodney Kendrick, Grady Tate, J. J. Johnson, Stanley Turrentine, Babatunde Olatunji and The Staple Singers, among others.
In 1956 Lincoln appeared in The Girl Can’t Help It, for which she wore a dress that had been worn by Marilyn Monroe in Gentleman Prefer Blondes (1953), and interpreted the theme song, working with Benny Carter.
With Ivan Dixon, she co-starred in Nothing But a Man (1964), an independent film written and directed by Michael Roemer. In 1968 she also co-starred with Sidney Poitier and Beau Bridges in For Love of Ivy, and received a 1969 Golden Globe nomination for her appearance in the film. In the 1990 Spike Lee movie Mo’ Better Blues, she played young Bleek Gilliams’ mother.
Lincoln was married from 1962 to 1970 to drummer Max Roach, whose daughter from a previous marriage, Maxine, appeared on several of Lincoln’s albums.
Lincoln died on August 14, 2010, in Manhattan at the age of 80. Her death was announced by her brother, David Wooldridge, who told the New York Times that she had died in a Manhattan nursing home after suffering deteriorating health ever since undergoing open-heart surgery in 2007. No cause of death was officially given. She was cremated and her ashes were scattered.
- 1956: Abbey Lincoln's Affair (Liberty) with arrangements by Benny Carter and Marty Paich
- 1957: That's Him! (Riverside)
- 1958: It’s Magic (Riverside)
- 1959: Abbey Is Blue (Riverside)
- 1961: Straight Ahead (Candid)
- 1973: People in Me (Inner City, 1978, CD-re-release on Verve 1993) with Dave Liebman, Al Foster a.o.
- 1980: Painted Lady (recorded live in Paris, Marge (F), US-release on Inner City as Golden Lady) featuring Archie Shepp
- 1983: Talking to the Sun (Enja) with Steve Coleman, James Weidman (piano), Mark Johnson (drums), Jerry Gonzalez (perc) a.o.
- 1987: Abbey Sings Billie, Vol. 1 & 2 (Enja) with Harold Vick (tenor), J. Weidman, Tarik Shah (bass), M. Johnson
- 1990: The World Is Falling Down (Polydor (F)/Verve) with Jackie McLean, Clark Terry a.o.
- 1991: You Gotta Pay the Band (Gitanes/Verve) with Stan Getz, Hank Jones, Charlie Haden, Marc Johnson, Maxine Roach
- 1992: Devil’s Got Your Tongue (Gitanes/Verve) with Rodney Kendrick a.o.
- 1992: When There Is Love (Gitanes/Verve), Duo album with Hank Jones
- 1993: The Music Is the Magic (recorded live at Sweet Basil; ITM) with Rodney Kendrick, Michael Bowie, Yoron Israel
- 1994: A Turtle’s Dream (Gitanes/Verve) with Victor Lewis, Roy Hargrove, Pat Metheny a.o.
- 1996: Who Used to Dance (Gitanes/Verve) with Marc Cary, Graham Haynes, Steve Coleman, Oliver Lake a.o.
- 1998: Wholly Earth (Polydor/Verve) with Bobby Hutcherson, Nicholas Payton a.o.
- 2000: Over the Years (Gitanes/Verve) with Joe Lovano a.o.
- 2002: It's Me (Verve) with Kenny Barron, Julien Lourau, James Spaulding a.o.
- 2007: Abbey Sings Abbey (Verve) with Larry Campbell, Gil Goldstein a.o.
With Max Roach
- Chinen, Nate (August 14, 2010). "Abbey Lincoln, Jazz Singer and Writer, Dies at 80". New York Times. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-14.
- "Abbey Lincoln". Archived from the original on May 17, 2007. Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Sally Placksin. "Jazz Profiles from NPR: Abbey Lincoln". Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Fordham, John (August 15, 2010). "Abbey Lincoln obituary". The Guardian (London). ISSN 0261-3077. OCLC 60623878. Archived from the original on August 17, 2010. Retrieved August 16, 2010.
- "Abbey Lincoln at IMDB.com". Retrieved August 2, 2007.
- Mo’ Better Blues Full Cast, imdb.com; accessed October 7, 2014.
- Notice of death of Abbey Lincoln, Thedeadrockstarsclub.com; accessed August 2010.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abbey Lincoln.|
- Abbey Lincoln at the Internet Movie Database
- Bio at Verve Records
- Abbey Lincoln Discography at www.JazzDiscography.com
- Abbey Lincoln at NPR Music
- Abbey Lincoln Tribute and image.
- "Remembering Jazz Singer and Activist Abbey Lincoln" at NPR Music: Music News