Abbey of Saint-Arnould

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Abbey of Saint-Arnould

The Abbey of Saint-Arnould, St. Arnold,Saint-Arnoult or Abbey of the Holy Apostles is a Benedictine abbey residing in Metz since the 6th century.

History[edit]

The origins of the abbey are a mystery. According to legend it was founded in the 2nd century by Bishop Patient Metz, as the Basilica of St. John Evangelist.[1] Although no historical record exists before the 6th century, it was named the Church of the Holy Apostles in 715. It stood in front of medieval ramparts of the Hôpital Notre Dame de Bon Secours,[2] near the Roman road leading to Toul and Lyon.

According to another source, this was the site of the Church of St. Theresa of the Child Jesus[3] which stood in front of the hospital.

In 717, the Abbey took the name of St. Arnulf, due to the relics of Arnulf of Metz, Bishop of Metz being interred there in 641.

Charlemagne made this abbey the burial place of his family: his wife Hildegarde, sisters, son, Emperor Louis the Pious and Bishop Drogo[2] were all buried here.

It was destroyed, by the Normans in the 9th century, when they plundered Metz. However, the abbey was rebuilt in same location. In 1049, saw the consecration of a more grandiose church, which suffered a fire in 1097.

In 942, the bishop Adalberon moved the monks from Abbey Gorze to Saint Arnould, under the direction of the abbot Heribert, to establish a Benedictine Abbey. From 996-997, the bishop Adalberon II entrusted William of Volpiano, as abbot, to continue this reform. Around the year 1000 the abbot appointed Guillaume Benoit, who had been his student at the Cathedral Benign Dijon and after his death in 1015, Benoit himself became the abbot of St.Arnould.

In the 9th century, relics of St. Gorgon, a 4th century Roman martyr, were transferred to the abbey.[4]

The siege of Metz by Charles V in 1552 led to the destruction of the abbey. The abbey was transferred to inside the walls of the Dominican convent of preachers, built in 1221. The church was rebuilt in 17th century. These buildings, can be seen today, in particular with the cloister, the refectory and the former sacristy.[2]

The Abbey resided in the Diocese of Metz within the province of Trier until 1780. The Diocese of Metz, was transferred to the province of Besançon from 1801.[5]

During the French Revolution it was confiscated as property of the state, monks were expelled and the imperial tombs were destroyed. Part of the tomb of Louis the Pious resides at the museum of Metz. After the Revolution, vineyards were planted at the site of the abbey.

The Abbey of Saint-Arnould has a Pietà carved around 1520. It was "walled up" above one of the entrances to the chapel of the abbey during the Reign of Terror(1793-1794). Following an edict from the mayor of Metz requesting that all religious representations are hidden from public view, it was rediscovered in 1990 during some construction (the site of the chapel is the current tennis court behind the Governor's Palace ). Dated around the 10th century, it is one of the most beautiful polychrome Pieta known in the world (according to the experts participating in the symposium organized by the Renaissance old Metz in association with the Ministry of Defence and the land area of the COMMAND North East May 11, 2007).[6]

Fate of the Abbey[edit]

During the French Revolution an artillery and engineering school moved into the monastery buildings. Later, a 42 m high turret was constructed during the Second French Empire, to observe the maneuvers of artillery on Mont Saint-Quentin. During the German occupation in 1872, the artillery school gave way to the " Kriegsschule Metz," a German military school.[7] In April 1919, the abbey became the headquarters of the "Cercle des Officers" of Metz[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ google.fr / books? Z6Is-id = & pg = PA241 Ae76_sC Studies on the history of Metz legends Auguste Prost 1865
  2. ^ a b c d City of Metz - the Circle Officers
  3. ^ European Heritage Days 19 and 20 September 2009 - 3. St. Theresa Church in Metz Magazine, 3, 2009, p. 5.
  4. ^ François-Yves Le Moigne, History of Metz], 2003, p 116
  5. ^ cartulR - Directory cartularies medieval and modern entity 2149
  6. ^ Laurendin Bernard, Pieta Metz, ed. Serpenoise.
  7. ^ Webern (von): Die Kriegsschule Metz am Tage Ihres jaehrigen Bestehens 25 E Seifert, Metz, 1897.

Coordinates: 49°07′05″N 6°10′17″E / 49.1180°N 6.1715°E / 49.1180; 6.1715