Mainistir Chnoc Muaidhe
Ruins of the 12th century Cistercian Knockmoy Abbey
Abbeyknockmoy (Irish: Mainistir Chnoc Muaidhe, meaning "Abbey of Muaidh's Hill") is a village and parish in County Galway, Republic of Ireland. It is best known for the nearby ruins of the 12th century Cistercian abbey, established with the Kings of Connacht as its benefactors. The abbey was the burial site of King Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair and contains fine examples of medieval wall paintings and sculpture. It was formerly part of the kingdom of the Soghain of Connacht.
Abbeyknockmoy was originally a Cistercian abbey founded in 1190 by the King of Connacht, Cathal Crobhdearg Ua Conchobair, in fulfilment of a vow made prior to a victory gained by Cathal against the English forces under Almeric de St. Lawrence. Cathal died a Cistercian monk and was buried there in 1224. The new abbey was occupied by Cistercian monks from Boyle Abbey. Substantial parts of the abbey remain, showing close links with other abbeys in the west of Ireland.
The abbey was decorated by medieval wall paintings, traces of which survive in the presbytery: they depict Saint Sebastian, the Crucifixion, the Trinity and the three living and three dead. One of the surviving fragments also depicts a hunting scene, indicating that hunting was popular in medieval Ireland. Additionally, the group of sculptors at Abbeyknockmoy can be identified as the same sculptors at work in Boyle Abbey. There is a capital that includes a fine example of a sculptured head: according to Roger Stalley, "there is a fine royal head on one of the nave piers. The nose and chin are smashed, but the carefully defined eyes, elaborate crown and long curly hair are still intact". He also suggests that the carved head actually represents Ua Conchobair, and "was perhaps a tribute to his benefactions".
- Lalor, p 1
- "County Galway, Ireland, Civil Parishes, Abbeyknockmoy: description from Lewis's Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837". Retrieved 2008-04-04.
- Doran, p 53
- Lydon, p 22
- Stalley, p 188; cited by Doran, p 53-54
- "Abbeyknockmoy". www.tuam-guide.com. Archived from the original on 8 May 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-06.
- Doran, Linda; Lyttleton, James, ed. (2008). Lordship in Medieval Ireland: Image and reality (Hardback, illustrated ed.). Dublin: Four Courts Press. ISBN 978-1-84682-041-0.
- Lalor, Brian, ed. (2003). The Encyclopedia of Ireland. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-09442-8.
- Lydon, James F. (1980). Ireland in the later Middle Ages (Second ed.). Dublin: Gill and Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-7171-0563-2.
- Stalley, Roger A. (1987). The Cistercian Monasteries of Ireland: An Account of the History, Art and Architecture of the White Monks in Ireland from 1142-1540. Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-03737-1.