Abbeystead House

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Abbeystead House
Abbeystead House.jpg
Abbeystead House
Location Abbeystead, Lancashire, England
Coordinates Coordinates: 53°59′05″N 2°39′41″W / 53.9848°N 2.6615°W / 53.9848; -2.6615
OS grid reference SD 567,545
Built 1886
Built for 4th Earl of Sefton
Architect Douglas & Fordham
Architectural style(s) Elizabethan
Listed Building – Grade II
Designated 24 February 1986
Reference No. 1071597
Abbeystead House is located in the City of Lancaster district
Abbeystead House
Magnify-clip.png
Location in the City of Lancaster district

Abbeystead House is a large country house to the east of the village of Abbeystead, Lancashire, England, some 15km (10 miles) south-east of Lancaster. It is designated by English Heritage as a Grade II listed building.[1]

History[edit]

Abbeystead House was built in 1886 as a shooting lodge for the 4th Earl of Sefton.[1] It was designed by the Chester firm of architects Douglas & Fordham,[2] who added gun and billiard rooms in 1894.[3] In 1980 the Abbeystead Estate, totalling 18,000 acres (73 km2) and including the house, was bought by a trust relating to the family of the Duke of Westminster.[4]

Architecture[edit]

The house is built in sandstone rubble with slate roofs in Elizabethan style. Its plan is an L-shape, with south and east ranges partly enclosing a courtyard. The south range forms the main block while the east range is the service wing which incorporates a four-storey castellated tower. To the east of the main house subsidiary buildings form a second courtyard. The south range has two storeys plus attics and is entered by a porch on its north side. The façade of the north (entrance) front is irregular, and consists of five bays, three of which project forward and are surmounted by gables of different sizes with ball finials. The front also includes mullioned and transomed windows, a dormer, and a pair of round-headed arches in ground floor of the right bay. The outer doorway of the porch has a Tudor arch with the Molyneux arms carved above; it is flanked by small single-storey turrets.

The south (garden) front also has five bays, three of which project forward and two of these are canted. The front again contains mullioned and transomed windows and each bay has a gable with a ball finial. Tall brick chimneys rise from the roofs. Internally, the entrance hall has two fireplaces with panelled overmantles; one of the panels carries a carving of the Molyneux arms. At the back of the room is a timber arcade and the staircase has barley-sugar balusters.[1][5]

Douglas' biographer, Hubbard, describes Abbeystead as the finest of Douglas' Elizabethan houses and one of the finest and largest he ever designed. Hubbard also suggested that Douglas' plan of a house with irregular gables and a tower grouped round a courtyard may have been inspired by nearby Lancashire medieval houses with pele towers, such as Borwick Hall.[6] However, as Hartwell and Pevsner point out, Douglas also designed towers for his houses in Cheshire and Wales, so it may rather have been "rooted in his own style".[2]

Associated buildings[edit]

At the same time that Abbeystead House was being built, Douglas and Fordham designed two lodges for the estate.[7] Lancaster Lodge stands at the head of the drive leading to the house. This has an L-shaped plan and is "quietly Elizabethan" in style.[2] It is a Grade II listed building.[8] York Lodge stands 0.5 miles (1 km) to the east on the road to Dunsop Bridge[2] and is also listed Grade II.[9] In 1891–92 the same architects designed stables and an adjoining pair of cottages for the house.[10]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c "Abbeystead", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 8 May 2011 
  2. ^ a b c d Hartwell & Pevsner 2009, p. 487.
  3. ^ Hubbard 1991, p. 264.
  4. ^ Bibby, Andrew (2005), The Forest of Bowland with Pendle Hill and the West Pennine Hills, London: Frances Lincoln, pp. 55–56, ISBN 0-7112-2502-8, retrieved 28 November 2009 
  5. ^ Hubbard 1991, pp. 149–150.
  6. ^ Hubbard 1991, p. 149.
  7. ^ Hubbard 1991, p. 255.
  8. ^ "Lancaster Lodge, Over Wyresdale", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 8 May 2011 
  9. ^ "York Lodge, Over Wyresdale", The National Heritage List for England (English Heritage), 2011, retrieved 8 May 2011 
  10. ^ Hubbard 1991, p. 261.

Sources