Abbot of Kelso (later Commendator of Kelso) was the head of the Tironensian monastic community at Kelso Abbey in the Scottish Borders. Originally, he was the Abbot of Selkirk, because from its foundation in 1113 by David, Prince of the Cumbrians (1113-1124) until it was moved to Kelso by David (then King of Scots, 1124-1153) and John, bishop of Glasgow in 1127. The abbot was the first in Scotland to be granted the mitre in 1165. In the 16th century the monastery increasingly came under secular control, and finally in 1607 it was granted as a secular lordship ( [1 ] Holydean) to its last commendator, Robert Ker of Cesford, later earl of Roxburghe. The following is a list of abbots and commendators:
List of abbots of Selkirk [ edit ]
Radulf, 1113-1116 x 1117
, 1119-1127 Herbert
List of abbots of Kelso [ edit ]
, 1127-1147. The same as the last abbot of Selkirk; became Herbert bishop of Glasgow.
, 1147-1160. Became Ernald bishop of St Andrews.
Osbert, 1180-1203. Previously prior of Lesmahagow, a Kelso daughter-house.
Richard de Cane (Cave ?), 1206-1208
Herbert Maunsel, 1221-1239
Robert de Smalhame, 1248-1258
Henry de Lambden, 1260-1275
J[ ], 1281
Thomas de Durham, 1299 x 1307. An English royal appointee. Later became prior of Lesmahagow.
William de Alyncrome, 1317-1326
William de Dalgarnock, 1329-1342
William, 1353 -1354
William de Bolden, 1367-1372
William de Kelso, 1411-1426
Richard Robson (Roberts), 1456-1464
George Bois (Boy), 1460
William Bonkil (Bonde), 1462
Alan de Camera (Kuk, Cook), 1464-1466
Richard Robson,1466 -1468
Richard Wylie, 1467
Robert Ker, 1468-1506
Richard Wylie (again), 1469 -1473. Opposed election of Ker, but resigned his rights. Was prior of Lesmahagow since 1469.
List of commendators of Kelso [ edit ]
, 1511. Also Andrew Forman bishop of Moray (1501-1514), commendator of May (1495-1515 x 1521) and commendator of Dryburgh (1509-1514 x 1516); previously commendator of Culross (1492-1493), later became commendator of Arbroath (1514), archbishop of St Andrews (1514-1521) and commendator of Dunfermline (1514-1521).
Andrew Stewart, 1511-1517. Bishop of Caithness (1501-1516), as Andrew Stewart I.
Thomas Ker (Car), 1513-1534
James Stewart, 1534-1557. Bastard son of King James V of Scotland. Also commendator of Melrose (1535-1557); not to be confused with his brother and namesake, James Stewart, Earl of Moray.
, 1558-1559. Also commendator of Melrose (1558-1559), succeeding James Stewart. Louis de Guise
William Ker I, 1559-1566
, 1567. Became John Maitland of Thirlstane prior of Coldingham (1567-1561) in exchange with Francis Stewart I; later reasserted his right to Kelso (1587-1588)
Francis Stewart (I) the elder, 1567-1592
the younger, 1588 Francis Stewart (II)
William Ker II, 1588
, 1592 Robert Ker of Cesford
^ Cowan & Easson, Religious Houses, p. 68
Bibliography [ edit ]
Cowan, Ian B. and Easson, David E.,
Medieval Religious Houses Scotland, Second edition, Longman Group Limited, (London, 1976) ISBN 0-582-12069-1 Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.),
The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), p. 58-62
See also [ edit ]