Abbot of Tongland
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The Abbot of Tongland (later Commendator of Tongland) was the head of the Premonstratensian (originally Cistercian) monastic community of Tongland Abbey in Dumfries and Galloway. The following is a list of abbots and commendators:
List of abbots
- Helias, 1209x1222
- Alexander, 1273-1296
- Walter, 1332-1347
- Gilbert, 1381
- Gilbert de Gamdia, 1439
- Gilbert MacDowell, 1458
- Patrick MacChaquhirky (or MacCathroge), 1458-x 1473
- William Douglas, 1473 x 1476-1479
- Thomas Livingston, 1479-1481
- William Wylie, x 1481
- Andrew Muirhead, 1481 -1483
- Damian de Falcutiis, 1504-1509
List of commendators
- David Arnot, 1509-1526
- William Stewart, 1529-1531
- Henry Wemyss, 1530-1541
- Andrew Dury, 1541-1558
- Alexander Gordon, 1559-1575
- Archibald Crawford, 1564
- John Gordon, 1576-1586
- Roger Gordon, 1578
- George Gordon, 1586-1588
- William Melville, 1588-1615
- Became Prior of Whithorn some time before 1477.
- As Bishop of Galloway (1506-25).
- Became Abbot of Dundrennan (1529-41).
- As Abbot of Melrose 1525-1541; became Bishop of Galloway (1541-58)
- Also Archbishop of Glasgow (1550–1), Bishop of Galloway (1559–72) and Bishop of the Isles (1553–72).
- Bishop of Galloway (1575-1586).
- Bishop of Galloway (1578x1579-1586/7).
- Bishop of Galloway (1586/7-88).
- Watt, D.E.R., Fasti Ecclesiae Scotinanae Medii Aevi ad annum 1638, 2nd Draft, (St Andrews, 1969)
- Watt, D.E.R. & Shead, N.F. (eds.), The Heads of Religious Houses in Scotland from the 12th to the 16th Centuries, The Scottish Records Society, New Series, Volume 24, (Edinburgh, 2001), p. 210-13