Abbotts Ann

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Abbotts Ann
St Mary's Church, Abbots Ann.jpg
St. Mary's church at Abbotts Ann
Abbotts Ann is located in Hampshire
Abbotts Ann
Abbotts Ann
 Abbotts Ann shown within Hampshire
OS grid reference SU3286443661
District Test Valley
Shire county Hampshire
Region South East
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town ANDOVER
Postcode district SP11
Dialling code 01264
Police Hampshire
Fire Hampshire
Ambulance South Central
EU Parliament South East England
List of places
UK
England
Hampshire

Coordinates: 51°11′28″N 1°31′52″W / 51.191236°N 1.53111°W / 51.191236; -1.53111

Abbotts Ann is a village in the parish of the same name, approximately 2 miles (3.2 km) south-west of Andover, Hampshire, England.

History[edit]

The village name Ann was derived from the Celtic river name ‘Anne’ meaning ‘Ash Tree Stream’ (now known as the Pillhill Brook). The first settlements in the area can be traced back to 50BC when the Atrebates cleared the forests and cultivated the land. During Roman rule the village prospered, and at the end of Dunkirt Lane a large Roman Villa was built. Mosaics taken from this villa are now in the British Museum.

First mentioned as Anna when reportedly granted to the New Minster of Winchester by King Edward the Elder, it was later recorded in the Domesday Book as an area containing 8 hides and 3 mills. The long, narrow and roughly rectangular boundary is characteristic of West Hampshire chalk land parishes. Defined in Saxon times, or possibly earlier, this shape ensured that Abbotts Ann had its share of river, down land and richer waterside meadows. Before the Norman invasion the land was granted to the Abbey of Hyde and became known as Ann Abbatis (the ‘Estate on the River Anne belonging to the Abbott’). Little Ann was granted to the Abbey of Wherwell. After the dissolution of the monasteries the estates passed back into secular hands.

In 1806, Robert Tasker settled in Abbotts Ann and later took over the Blacksmith’s business. Tasker and his brother developed the first iron plough,[citation needed] which become so popular that they set up the Waterloo Ironworks in Anna Valley to cope with the demand. In 1831, Robert Tasker built the school on its present site in the village, and leased it to the Revd. Samuel Best, the Rector of Abbotts Ann. Built 39 years before education became compulsory, the school was one of the first in England to take children of all denominations.

Between 1915 and 1924 the Red Rice Estate, which included Abbotts Ann and much of the surrounding countryside, was sold. In 1934 the Government bought Little Park for the new ‘Land Settlement Association’, creating the largest influx of population into the village since AD500. The settlers came mainly from northern England and Wales, and those who stayed on made a permanent contribution to the village. Of the 517 houses in the village, 107 have been built in the last 20 years.

St Mary the Virgin, Abbotts Ann[edit]

See also: Regent Diamond

The presence of a church in Abbots Ann is first recorded in a Charter granted by Edward the Elder in 901. By the 14th century a second, "more substantial", church had been erected on this site.[1]

In 1710 Thomas "Diamond" Pitt, the grandfather and great-grandfather of the Prime Ministers William Pitt the Elder and William Pitt the Younger, purchased the estate of Abbots Ann, the Manor House and the Church. In 1716 Pitt - who had made a huge fortune from his sale of a 410 carat (82g) diamond, purchased for £20,400 (£2,888,790 as of 2014) [2] and sold to the French regent, Philippe II, Duke of Orléans, for £135,000 (£17,915,120 as of 2014) [2] - paid for the demolition of the church and the construction of the present parish church of St Mary the Virgin, Abbotts Ann.[3]

A Virgin's Crown, dated 1953, hanging in St Mary's church.

The church has one of the largest collections of virgins' crowns in existence, and Abbots Ann is the only parish in England which perpetuates the custom of awarding them.[4][5] The crowns "may be requested by the relatives of the deceased person, who must have been born, baptised, confirmed and have died, unmarried, in the parish, and must have been of unblemished reputation."[6] The crown is made of hazelwood and decorated with paper rosettes, with five paper gloves or gauntlets attached to it to "represent a challenge thrown down to anyone to asperse the character of the deceased."[4][5]

At the funeral the crown is "suspended from a small white wand and carried by two girls aged between twelve and sixteen and dressed in white with folded handkerchiefs on their heads at the head of the funeral procession, laid on the coffin in the church and afterwards in the churchyard until the body is committed to the ground."[5] It is then hung from a hook in the church gallery "so that all entering church on the following Sunday may pass under it."[4] If unchallenged after 3 weeks, the crown is hung from a hook near the ceiling of the church, with a escutcheon recording the name and date.[4][6]

The oldest crown dates from 1740, and the most recent from 1973.[5] Writing in 1992, local historian and author Pamela J. King observed that "With today's increasingly mobile population very few people are likely to spend all their lives in one parish and this ancient custom may disappear."[6]

Present[edit]

Today the village contains a village shop run by volunteers (which itself contains a post office - one of many recently threatened with closure), which achieved first prize in the Best Rural Retailer 2009 competition. The village also has a village hall, a primary school, a playing field and a pub called the Eagle, as well as another well known pub in the neighbouring village of Little Ann, called the Poplar Farm Inn. The village is also home to one of the last remaining classic red phoneboxes left in England.

Further reading[edit]

  • King, Pamela J. (1992). Abbotts Ann in Hampshire. G.E. King. ISBN 978-0-9520123-0-6. 
  • Morris, Rosie (2011). "Maidens' Garlands: A Funeral Custom of Post-Reformation England". In King, Chris; Sayer, Duncan. The Archaeology of Post-Medieval Religion. Woodbridge: Boydell Press. pp. 271–282. ISBN 978-1-8438369-3-3. 

References[edit]

  1. ^ King, Pamela J. "History of St. Mary's Church". St. Mary's Church, Abbotts Ann. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  2. ^ a b UK CPI inflation numbers based on data available from Gregory Clark (2014), "What Were the British Earnings and Prices Then? (New Series)" MeasuringWorth.
  3. ^ "The History of St Mary's Abbots Ann". Southern Life (UK). Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d Gilks, Peter (14 April 1998). "Answers to correspondents". Daily Mail (London). p. 52. 
  5. ^ a b c d "The Virgin Crowns of Abbots Ann". Southern Life (UK). Retrieved 26 February 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c King, Pamela J. "The Virgins' Crown". St. Mary's Church, Abbotts Ann. Retrieved 26 February 2014. 

External links[edit]