Abby Sunderland

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Abby Sunderland
Abby Sunderland.jpg
Abby Sunderland at the Houston Boat Show in Kemah, Texas, U.S. on April 14, 2011
Born Abigail Jillian Sunderland[1]
(1993-10-19) October 19, 1993 (age 20)[1]
Los Angeles, California, U.S.[1]
Residence Thousand Oaks, California, U.S.
Nationality American
Ethnicity White
Alma mater Trinity Pacific Christian School
Moorpark College
Occupation Camera assistant and sailor
Known for Attempting to become the youngest person to sail around the world solo.
Religion Christianity
Parents Laurence Sunderland
Marianne Sunderland
Website
Official website

Abigail Jillian "Abby" Sunderland (born October 19, 1993) is an American sailor who, in 2010, attempted to become the youngest person to sail solo around the world.[2]

Early life[edit]

The second-eldest of Marianne and Laurence Sunderland's eight children,[3] Sunderland grew up sailing with her family. Her brother, Zac Sunderland, was the first person under the age of 18 to complete a circumnavigation.[4] Her family is Christian. She and her siblings have been homeschooled.[5]

2010 circumnavigation attempt[edit]

Career (United States)  United States
Name: Wild Eyes
Operator: Abby Sunderland
Route: Cabo San Lucas – Cape Horn – Cape of Good Hope – Indian Ocean
Builder: A.S.A. Yachts PTY, Australia
Completed: 2001
Acquired: October 24, 2009[6]
Out of service: June 12, 2010
Status: Dismasted, abandoned in southern Indian Ocean
General characteristics
Type: Sloop
Tonnage: 16 (gross), 15 (net)
Displacement: 7407 lbs (3360 kg)
Length: 40 ft (12 m)
Beam: 11.21 ft (3.42 m)
Installed power: Yanmar (18 hp)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Bermuda (Marconi) rig
Notes: Formerly BTC Velocity[7]

A lifelong sailor, Sunderland said she had been preparing for her journey since age 13.[2] She trained in ocean sailing with experienced sailors[citation needed] and with her father Laurence Sunderland, who said he understood her determination when "It was a particularly rough day and her boat was rocking from gunnel to gunnel. ... I knew she was freezing cold, tired and hungry, and we'd been at it for, you know, 20 hours at that stage. I said, 'So Abby, are you ready to sail around the world now?' To which she replied, 'Where is my boat?'"[8] Her parents were widely criticized for the decision to allow her to undertake this trip, with one critic calling the decision "potentially irresponsible."[9]

The planned sail route was to begin from Marina del Rey, thence to Cape Horn, Cape of Good Hope, Cape Leeuwin and back to Marina del Rey in ten legs, solo and unassisted, following definitions set by the International Sailing Federation World Sailing Speed Record Council (WSSRC), according to which the Equator must be crossed.

Sail-World noted of Sunderland's departure timing: "While ... she will round the Horn in the height of summer when conditions should be the best they can be, her delayed departure ... means that by the time she sails south of Australia, the weather will be approaching autumn, and the weather will be deteriorating.".[10] After her rescue, the trip was criticized by sailors as "badly planned" and "foolhardy."[11]

Sunderland's yacht Wild Eyes was a 40-foot (12.19 m) sloop built in 2001 by A.S.A. Yachts PTY, Australia, designed by Jutson Yacht specifically for sailing single-handed through the Southern Ocean.[citation needed] Under its earlier name BTC Velocity the vessel finished second in the Class 3 (Open 40) category of the Around Alone 2002 race.[7][12] Wild Eyes was constructed of E-glass with Kevlar reinforcement into five watertight compartments with a crash bulkhead and a stern escape hatch.[12] It was bought in Rhode Island by the Sunderland family in October 2009 and refitted in Marina Del Rey, California with an array of electrical, communication and navigation systems.[12]

First attempt[edit]

Sunderland started her solo circumnavigation from Marina del Rey, California on January 23, 2010.[13] There hadn't been enough time to do a multi-day test sail in varying conditions, so the team decided to let her depart anyway, and stop in Cabo San Lucas, Mexico if needed.[14] After a few days it became evident that her solar panels and wind generators were not meeting the energy needs of her boat in the conditions she met, so charging using the diesel engine was needed more than anticipated. There were also electrical problems in her mast wiring which affected her windspeed indicators. Sunderland landed at Cabo San Lucas on February 2, 2010, to take on more fuel and batteries, make repairs and restart her non-stop circumnavigation attempt.[15][16]

Second attempt[edit]

Sunderland started her second attempt from Cabo San Lucas on February 6, 2010, intending to complete a solo, non-stop, unassisted circumnavigation in ten legs, departing from and returning to Cabo San Lucas.[17] On February 19, 2010 at 3:07 PM PST, thirteen days after departing Cabo San Lucas, Sunderland and Wild Eyes crossed the Equator into the South Pacific at 0°00′N 120°15′W / 0°N 120.25°W / 0; -120.25 (Sunderland crosses the Equator, February 19, 2010).[18]

On February 27, 2010, there was media concern[19] for Sunderland's safety because of the 2010 Chile earthquake. She was then at 15°S 123°W / 15°S 123°W / -15; -123 (Sunderland's position during Chile earthquake, February 27, 2010), some 1,860 miles (2,990 km) from the quake's epicenter, but the great ocean depth at her location minimized the effect of the resulting tsunami and her team reported she had not "... experienced anything out of the ordinary."[20]

On March 21, 2010, while sleeping at approximately 2:00 AM local time, she suffered a knock-down and barely avoided an accidental jibe.[21] On March 31, 2010 Sunderland rounded Cape Horn—the southernmost point of South America—making her the youngest solo sailor to do so.[citation needed] She experienced rough waves and heavy winds when approaching, but rather little wind the last day before Cape Horn.[22]

On April 24, 2010, Sunderland announced that she would stop at Cape Town for repairs to her autopilot system, ending her non-stop attempt.[23] However, she planned to continue the circumnavigation.[24] Sunderland had two separate autopilot systems and both failed. She was able to swap parts between them to keep one going for a time, but a leak made the repair stop necessary. She arrived in Cape Town on May 5, 2010.[25]

Sunderland departed from Cape Town on Friday May 21, 2010, defying the superstition against sailing on a Friday[26] and saying, "I will stop again if I need to."[27] By this time, it became likely her arrival in Cabo San Lucas or direct to Marina del Rey would be in August or possibly September.

Around May 24, 2010, a line got stuck near the top of her mast. Sunderland tried to climb the mast but found it too dangerous in the near gale conditions and full darkness, so she sailed throughout that night with too much sail area.[28]

Dismasting and rescue in the Indian Ocean[edit]

VOA's Carolyn Presutti examines reactions to the precocity of Abby Sunderland's circumnavigation attempt.

On the morning of June 10, 2010, Sunderland was sailing in high winds and had suffered multiple knockdowns in a remote area of the Indian Ocean northeast of the Kerguelen Islands, about 2,000 miles (3,200 km) west of Australia.[29] Satellite phone contact was lost and about an hour later Sunderland's two manually operated emergency radio beacons were activated.[30] A third beacon which triggers automatically if it goes 15 feet (4.6 m) underwater was not activated. The nearest known ship was about 400 miles (640 km) away from her electronically-reported position. Her beacon position at the time was published as 40°48′S 74°58′E / 40.800°S 74.967°E / -40.800; 74.967 (Abby Sunderland's reported beacon position on June 10, 2010), approximately 2,033 nautical miles (3,765 km; 2,340 mi) west-south-west of Perth.[31][32]

In June 2010, 16-year-old Abby Sunderland attempted to break the record for being the youngest person ever to complete a solo sail around the world. But when she found herself stranded at sea after a storm damaged her boat, Abby's life was saved by a NASA-developed Personal Locator Beacon (PLB), which transmitted a distress signal to a Search and Rescue (SARSAT) satellite, 22,500 miles away in space. On October 25, 2010, Abby visited NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center to meet the team that developed this Search and Rescue technology more than 30 years ago.

The next morning, the Australian Maritime Safety Authority sent a chartered Qantas Airbus A330 passenger jet to the area with 11 trained SES air observers and a FESA officer on board.[30] The search plane faced a 4,700 miles (7,600 km) round trip from Perth to Sunderland's boat, which is near the limit of its range.[32] The boat was sighted about 10 minutes after the plane reached its search zone.[33] Brief, short-range radio contact was made with Sunderland, who said she had righted the boat and was uninjured. Despite earlier fears her sailing yacht had lost its keel and capsized, the boat was upright but dismasted, its rig dragging in the ocean from the broken mast, which had made satellite phone reception impossible.[34][11][35][36] Sunderland's mother said the pilot of the Australian search plane told her the boat had probably been "rolled by a rogue wave." Her father said his daughter's circumnavigation attempt had come to an end.[37][11]

Sunderland's route from January–June 2010

The area where Sunderland's yacht was adrift is rarely visited by merchant ships or other sea traffic.[38] The Australian Maritime Safety Authority's Rescue Coordination Centre put together a sea response with three ships traveling to the scene. Sunderland was rescued by the French commercial fishing vessel Ile de la Reunion late in the afternoon on June 12, 2010. Air cover for the rescue was handled from a privately owned Global Express corporate jet, which also relayed communications between her and the fishing vessel before its crew launched a small boat to ferry her from the crippled sailing yacht.[39] In a statement the Australian Maritime Safety Authority said "The master of the Ile De La Reunion has reported Ms Sunderland is safe and in good health."[38] During her rescue, which took place in rough seas, the captain of the French fishing boat fell into the water and had to be "fished out in difficult conditions."[9]

In Thousand Oaks, California, Laurence Sunderland told reporters "She got out of her vessel with the clothes on her back."[40] Aboard the Ile de la Reunion Sunderland wrote that "one long wave" had brought about the dismasting of her sail boat Wild Eyes, which was abandoned to the ocean.[41]

The Ile de la Reunion took Sunderland to the Kerguelen Islands where she boarded a French patrol boat, the Osiris, for an 8-day trip to Reunion Island.[42]

Cost of rescue[edit]

Australian and French taxpayers bore some of the expenses for Sunderland's rescue and the Australian government confirmed that by law, she or her family cannot be billed for the expenses.[43][44][45][46] It has been reported the Qantas plane used to spot her costs A$10,000 an hour to operate.[43] The total cost of the international rescue is estimated by media to be up to GB£116,000 (A$200,000)[47] or A$300,000[48] depending on source. There has been criticism of her team's lack of contribution to rescue costs. The Daily Telegraph said "failed teen solo sailor Abby Sunderland's team did not put a cent towards her rescue but still tried to get the public to pay for the boat's salvage."[48] According to the International Convention for the Safety of Life at Sea, any ship of any nation in the vicinity of a distress call is required to render assistance at no cost.[49] In France, a law has been proposed that tourists could be required to reimburse the state for rescue costs if they "ventured knowingly and without 'legitimate motive' into risky territory".[47]

After her rescue, Sunderland said she hoped to make another attempt at circumnavigation some time in the future.[50]

Reality television show deal[edit]

After Sunderland's rescue the New York Post reported that after she set sail from Marina del Rey on her circumnavigation attempt, her father signed a deal with Magnetic Entertainment for a television show about his family called Adventures in Sunderland and quoted him as saying: "The show might be about family, it might be about Abigail's trip. It's something that was shopped around."[51] On her blog, the family later wrote, "The show was shopped and not sold [...] There is no reality TV show or documentary in the works and we will not be pursuing one."[52]

Documentary[edit]

Sunderland was the subject of a documentary film produced and directed by her father titled Wild Eyes: The Abby Sunderland Story. The film was released on September 8, 2011.[53]

Book[edit]

Sunderland released a book about her ordeal on April 12, 2011. The book is co-written with Lynn Vincent and is titled Unsinkable: A Young Woman's Courageous Battle on the High Seas.[54][55] She has been going on book-signing tours, where it was revealed that she is taking flying lessons, to be able to fly around the world.[56]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "California Birth Index, 1905-1995". Ancestry.com. Retrieved December 27, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b Thomas, Pete (January 24, 2010). "Abby Sunderland Sets Course on a Record". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on January 28, 2010. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ Dodd, Johnny (June 30, 2010). "Abby Sunderland Has a New Brother - Named for Her Rescuer". People. Archived from the original on July 3, 2010. Retrieved July 9, 2010. 
  4. ^ Thomas, Pete (July 17, 2009). "Zac Sunderland Completes Solo Sail Around the World". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 30, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  5. ^ "'My 16-Year-Old Is Sailing Around the World Solo'". Momlogic.com. January 29, 2010. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  6. ^ Sarabia, Ambrosia (November 11, 2009). "Wild Eyes to Take Abby Sunderland Around the World". The Log: California's Boating & Fishing News. Retrieved February 7, 2010. [dead link]
  7. ^ a b "About the Yacht". Around Alone 2002. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  8. ^ "Too Young? Teen Attempts Solo Sail Around World". Abcnews.go.com. June 2, 2010. Archived from the original on October 13, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010. 
  9. ^ a b Harris, Paul (13 June 2010). "Parents of rescued teenage sailor Abby Sunderland accused of risking her life". The Observer. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  10. ^ Knudsen, Nancy (January 23, 2010). "Jessica Watson Pounded by 70 Knots, Abby Sunderland Sets Off". Sail-World.com. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  11. ^ a b c "Teen sailor alive and well". ABC News. 11 June 2010. Retrieved 18 June 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c "Abby Sunderland's Boat". Archived from the original on February 8, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2010. [dead link]
  13. ^ Scheibe, John (January 23, 2010). "Thousand Oaks Girl Leaves on Round-the-World Sail". Ventura County Star. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  14. ^ The book "Unsinkable"
  15. ^ Knudsen, Nancy (January 31, 2010). "Abby Sunderland Journey Aborted". Sail-World.com. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  16. ^ Burgess, Kelly (February 2, 2010). "Sailor Abby Sunderland, 16, Heads to Cabo San Lucas for Vessel Repairs". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  17. ^ "A Note from Cabo Team Abby". February 6, 2010. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010. Retrieved February 7, 2010. 
  18. ^ "Abby's Location and Route". February 19, 2010. Retrieved March 29, 2010. [dead link]
  19. ^ Adams, John (February 27, 2010). "16-Year-Old Sailor-Girl Off Coast of Chile". NBC Los Angeles. Retrieved March 25, 2010. [dead link]
  20. ^ "Abby & Wild Eyes OK". February 27, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2010. 
  21. ^ "A Knock in the Night". March 21, 2010. Archived from the original on March 25, 2010. Retrieved March 25, 2010. 
  22. ^ "Abby Sunderland Becomes Youngest Person to Sail Around Cape Horn Alone". March 31, 2010. Retrieved March 31, 2010. 
  23. ^ James, Mike (April 25, 2010). "Abby Sunderland's mission to sail solo around the world without stopping is derailed". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on April 27, 2010. Retrieved April 25, 2010. 
  24. ^ "News". April 24, 2010. Retrieved April 24, 2010. 
  25. ^ "Well, I Made It into Cape Town Today". May 5, 2010. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved May 6, 2010. 
  26. ^ "Cape Town - Final Days". Archived from the original on May 24, 2010. Retrieved May 20, 2010. 
  27. ^ "Abby Sunderland sets sail from Cape Town". Archived from the original on May 30, 2010. Retrieved May 21, 2010. 
  28. ^ "Tale from the Sea". Soloround.blogspot.com. May 27, 2010. Archived from the original on October 16, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010. 
  29. ^ Knudsen, Nancy (June 10, 2010). "Three countries in search and rescue for Abby Sunderland". Sail-World.com. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 10, 2010. 
  30. ^ a b "Search underway for missing US teen sailor". Australia Times. June 11, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  31. ^ "AMSA Providing Assistance in Search and Rescue - Wild Eyes - 11 June 2010 - 11:30am Update". Australian Maritime Safety Authority. June 11, 2010. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  32. ^ a b "Abby Sunderland, Teen Sailor, Found Safe At Sea". CBS News. June 11, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  33. ^ Robinson, Chris (June 11, 2010). "'Abby Sunderland was in great spirits after being spotted' say rescue members". PerthNow. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved June 17, 2010. 
  34. ^ McGuirk, Rod (June 11, 2010). "Boats head to U.S. teen sailor drifting in Indian Ocean". Retrieved June 11, 2010. [dead link]
  35. ^ "Abby Sunderland found alive and 'upright'". Mysailing.com.au. June 11, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010. 
  36. ^ "Abby's father believed her boat was upside down". PerthNow. June 11, 2010. Archived from the original on June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  37. ^ Stanglin, Doug (June 11, 2010). "Teen sailor Abby Sunderland in 'good spirits' awaiting rescue in Indian Ocean". USA Today. Retrieved June 11, 2010. 
  38. ^ a b Styles, Aja (June 12, 2010). "Teenager 'in good health' after rescue drama". The Age. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  39. ^ Bennett, Jennifer (June 12, 2010). "Solo sailor Abby Sunderland rescued". Los Angeles Times. Archived from the original on June 14, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  40. ^ Watkins, Thomas, French fishing boat rescues stranded Calif. teen[dead link], AP, June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010.
  41. ^ "US teen sailor on way to French island". Sydney Morning Herald. June 13, 2010. Retrieved December 21, 2010. 
  42. ^ [1][dead link]
  43. ^ a b "Australian taxpayers to pay for US teen sailor Abby Sunderland's ocean rescue". The Australian. June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Australia to foot bill for teen sailor's rescue". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. June 12, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  45. ^ "Solo sailor Abby Sunderland found and Australia is to foot the bill". News.com.au. June 11, 2010. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 13, 2010. 
  46. ^ Davies, Lizzy (July 5, 2010). "French tourists may be billed if high-risk trips go wrong". Guardian. Archived from the original on July 8, 2010. Retrieved July 5, 2010. 
  47. ^ a b Durham, Richard (July 8, 2010). "Yachtsmen to pay for own rescue?". Yachting Monthly. Retrieved July 14, 2010. 
  48. ^ a b "Rescued teen sailor's 'team' too poor to salvage lost yacht". Daily Telegraph (Australia). June 15, 2010. Retrieved June 15, 2010. 
  49. ^ [2][dead link]
  50. ^ "Rescued U.S. Teen Sailor Wants Second Attempt at Solo Record". Fox News. June 12, 2010. Archived from the original on June 13, 2010. Retrieved June 12, 2010. 
  51. ^ Bennett, Anita; Karni, Annie (June 14, 2010). "Abby Sunderland's Dad Had TV Deal as Girl Risked Life at Sea". New York Post. Retrieved December 21, 2010. 
  52. ^ "Abby's Blog: Clarifying Misinformation". Soloround.blogspot.com. June 15, 2010. Archived from the original on October 16, 2010. Retrieved November 19, 2010. 
  53. ^ Wild Eyes: The Abby Sunderland Story at the Internet Movie Database.
  54. ^ Strasser, Max (December 20, 2010). "Abby Sunderland, Teenage Solo Sailor: Where Is She Now?". AOL News. Retrieved December 21, 2010. [dead link]
  55. ^ Sunderland, Abby; Vincent, Lynn (2011). Unsinkable: A Young Woman's Courageous Battle on the High Seas. Nashville: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 978-1-4002-0308-6. OCLC 676728831. 
  56. ^ Rey, Diane M. (May 11, 2011). "Teen proves she's 'unsinkable'". The Capital (Annapolis, Maryland). Retrieved May 13, 2011. [dead link]

External links[edit]