Abd al-Haqq II

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Abd al-Haqq II
Sultan of Morocco
Reign 1420-1465
Full name Abd al-Haqq ibn Uthman Abu Muhammad
Predecessor Abu Said Uthman III
Dynasty Marinid
Religious beliefs Muslim

Abd al-Haqq II (Abd al-Haqq ibn Uthman Abu Muhammad) (1419-1465) was Marinid Sultan of Morocco from 1420 to 1465. Abd al-Haqq II was made Sultan in 1420 under the regency of an Wattasid vizier, and later was nominal Sultan under Wattasid control until 1465.[1]

Abd al-Haqq was the son of Sultan Abu Said Uthman III, who made an unsuccessful attempt to recover Ceuta from the Portuguese in 1419. This led to instability in the Marinid state culminating in a coup in Fez in 1420, in which Abu Said Uthman III was assassinated. At that time, his son and heir Abd al-Haqq was just one year old. A succession struggle broke out immediately as other pretenders quickly emerged.[2][3]

Abu Zakariya Yahya al-Wattasi was governor of Salé.[4][3] Hearing the news of the sultan's assassination, Abu Zakariya hurried to seize control of the royal palace of Fez, proclaiming the orphan child Abd al-Haqq as the new Marinid sultan and appointing himself his regent and chief minister (vizier). Morocco quickly descended into disorder and strife.[2] By 1423 the regent Abu Zakariya al-Wattasi had emerged the effective ruler of the state.[5]

When Abd al-Haqq came of age in 1437, Abu Zakariya refused to give up the regency.[6] In 1437 a Portuguese attempt to take advantage of the dispute and take Tangier by siege proved unsuccessful, raising the morale of the Moroccans and increasing the prestige of the sharifs who had led the defense.[7] Abu Zakariya took full advantage of the victory to consolidate his power. Any thought of the regency being surrendered was forgotten.[8] In January 1438 the tomb of Idris II, founder of Fez and of the Idrisid dynasty, was fortuitously "discovered". The tomb became an important destination for pilgrims.[7]

Abu Zakariya was succeeded by his nephew, Ali ibn Yusuf in 1448. Ali ibn Yusuf was in turn succeeded by Abu Zakariya's son, Yahya ibn Abi Zakariya, in 1458.[citation needed] Although Abd al-Haqq was nominally sultan, he held no power. He was murdered in 1465.[9]

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ Bosworth 1996, p. 41.
  2. ^ a b Julien 1931, p. 195-196.
  3. ^ a b Abun Nasr 1987, p. 114.
  4. ^ Julien 1931, p. 195.
  5. ^ Powers 2002, p. 162.
  6. ^ Julien 1931, p. 196.
  7. ^ a b Powers 2002, p. 14.
  8. ^ Julien 1931, p. 196-198.
  9. ^ Bosworth 1996, p. 42.

Sources