Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun

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Abd al-Muhsin Al-Saadoon
Abdel Muhsin Al-Sa'dun.jpg
2nd, 5th, 7th & 9th Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
November 20, 1922 – November 22, 1923
June 26, 1925–November 21, 1926
January 11, 1928–April 28, 1929
September 19, 1929–November 13, 1929
Monarch Faisal I
Preceded by Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Yasin al-Hashimi
Jafar al-Askari
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
Succeeded by Jafar al-Askari (twice)
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
Naji al-Suwaidi
Personal details
Born Abd Al-Muhsin bin Fahad Al-Sa'dun
1879
Nasiriyah, Basra Vilayet
Died 13 November 1929
Baghdad, Iraq
Political party Progressive Party
Children Wasif
Ali
Alma mater Ottoman Military Academy
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Allegiance  Ottoman Empire
Service/branch Ottoman Army
Years of service Unknown-1909
Rank Binbashi (1905-1909)
Second Lieutenant (1909)
Unit Infantry

ʻAbd al-Muḥsin Saʻdūn or Abd al-Muhsin Al-Saadoon, Honorary KCMG (Arabic: عبد المحسن السعدون‎) (1879 – November 13, 1929) was an Iraqi politician who served as Prime Minister of Iraq on four separate occasions between 1922 and 1929.

Like many of Iraq's early leaders, as-Sa'dun was of Turkish origin[1] and served as a military officer during Ottoman control of the country and as an aide-de-camp to Sultan Abd-ul-Hamid II before returning to Iraq and embarking on a career in politics. After World War I, he was an outspoken opponent of the British mandate in the country.

During his third term in office, Al-Saadoon negotiated two important treaties: the Second Anglo-Iraqi Treaty (1926), ensuring that the Kurd-dominated Mosul province would remain part of Iraq (with assurances for the rights of the local Kurdish population); and the Turkey-Iraqi Treaty in which Iraq promised to pay Turkey 10 percent of its revenues from the Mosul oil fields in return for Turkish recognition of Iraqi control of the area.[citation needed]

Death[edit]

During his fourth term in office, Al-Saadoon died. He died of a self-inflicted wound from a gunshot on November 13, 1929. He left behind a suicide note to his son stating "I have suffered with forbearance all possible insults and contempt."[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nakash, Yitzhak (2011). Reaching for Power: The Shi'a in the Modern Arab World. Princeton University Press. p. 87. ISBN 1400841461. 
  2. ^ Dr. Sinderson Pasha, Harry. Ten Thousand and One Nights. London: Hodder and Stoughton Press, 1973, P. 102-103.
Political offices
Preceded by
Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Prime Minister of Iraq
November 18, 1922—November 21, 1923
Succeeded by
Jafar al-Askari
Preceded by
Yasin al-Hashimi
Prime Minister of Iraq
June 19, 1925—November 1, 1926
Succeeded by
Jafar al-Askari
Preceded by
Jafar al-Askari
Prime Minister of Iraq
January 14, 1928—January 20, 1929
Succeeded by
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
Preceded by
Tawfiq al-Suwaidi
Prime Minister of Iraq
September 19, 1929—November 13, 1929
Succeeded by
Naji al-Suwaidi