Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
|Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi
عبد ربه منصور هادي
|2nd President of Yemen|
27 February 2012 – 22 January 2015
|Prime Minister||Ali Muhammad Mujawar
|Preceded by||Ali Abdullah Saleh|
|2nd Vice President of Yemen|
3 October 1994 – 27 February 2012
4 June - 23 September 2011
23 November 2011 - 27 February 2012
|President||Ali Abdullah Saleh|
|Preceded by||Ali Salim al-Beidh|
|Minister of Defence|
29 May 1994 – 3 October 1994
|Prime Minister||Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas|
|Preceded by||Haidar Abu Bakr al-Attas|
1 September 1945 |
Abyan, Aden Protectorate
|Political party||General People's Congress|
|Alma mater||Aden Protectorate Army Military School|
South Yemen Civil War
1994 civil war in Yemen
|Allegiance|| Federation of South Arabia (1964–1967)
South Yemen (1967–1986)
|Years of service||1964–1994|
‘Abd Rabbuh Manṣūr Hādī (Arabic: عبد ربه منصور هادي [ʕæbd ˈrɑbːʊh mɑnˈsˤuːr ˈhæːdiː]; born 1 September 1945) is a Yemeni major general and politician who was the President of Yemen from 27 February 2012 until 22 January 2015, when he resigned after the Houthis seized the Republican palace. He was previously the Vice President from 1994 to 2012. Between 4 June and 23 September 2011, he was the acting President of Yemen while Ali Abdullah Saleh was undergoing medical treatment in Saudi Arabia following an attack on the presidential palace during the 2011 Yemeni uprising. Then, on 23 November, Hadi became Acting President again, after Saleh moved into a non-active role pending the presidential election "in return for immunity from prosecution". Hadi was "expected to form a national unity government and also call for early presidential elections within 90 days" while Saleh continued to serve as President in name only.
Early life and education
Hadi was born in 1945 in Thukain village in Abyan, a southern Yemeni governorate. He graduated from a military academy in the Federation of South Arabia in 1964. In 1966 he graduated after receiving a military scholarship to study in Britain, where he learned to speak English fluently. Then, in 1970, he received another military scholarship to study tanks in Egypt for six years. Hadi spent the following four years in the Soviet Union studying military commanding. He occupied several military posts in the army of South Yemen until 1986, when he fled to North Yemen with Ali Nasser Mohammed, president of South Yemen, after Ali Nasser's faction of the ruling Yemeni Socialist Party lost the 1986 civil war.
He remained loyal to President Ali Nasser Mohammed during the South Yemen Civil War, and followed him into exile in neighboring North Yemen. During the 1994 civil war in Yemen Hadi sided with the Yemeni government, and was appointed defense minister. In this role he led the military campaign against the Democratic Republic of Yemen. Following the war he was promoted to Vice President, replacing Ali Salim Al-Beidh, who had resigned and fought against the government during the civil war. Hadi was appointed by President Ali Abdullah Saleh as Vice President on 3 October 1994. Before his appointment as Vice President, he served briefly as the minister of defense.
President of Yemen
Hadi was the sole candidate in the presidential election that was held on 21 February 2012. His candidacy was backed by the ruling party as well as the parliamentary opposition. The Election Commission reported that 65 percent of registered voters in Yemen voted during the election. Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi took the oath of office in Yemen's parliament on 25 February 2012. He was formally inaugurated as the president of Yemen on 27 February 2012, when Saleh resigned from the presidency and formally ceded power to Hadi.
In March 2013 the National Dialogue Conference was conceived as a core part of the transition process and is intended to bring together Yemen’s diverse political, social, geographic, and demographic groups to address the most critical issues plaguing the country. On January 2014, Hadi pushed delegates at the conference to break a deadlock on key issues and bring the talks to an overdue close. When those in attendance finally agreed on a final few points, he launched into an impassioned speech that led to a spike in his popularity. It was agreed that Yemen would shift to a federal model of government in the future, a move which have been proposed and forcefully backed by Hadi.
In a move to unify the Military of Yemen which suffered from split since the Yemeni Revolution, Hadi began reforming the Military. He issued Presidential decree №104 of December 2012 reorganizing the Military into 5 main branches: Air Force, Army (Ground Force), Navy and Coastal Defence, Border Troops and Strategic Reserve Forces, which includes the Special Operation Command, the Missile Defence Command and the Presidential Protective Forces. The Strategic Reserve Forces replaces the Republican Guard.
From his early days at office, President Hadi advocated fighting Al-Qaida as an important goal. In a meeting with British Foreign Secretary, William Hague in his first days at office Hadi said "We intend to confront terrorism with full force and whatever the matter we will pursue it to the very last hiding place".
Another security issue he is busy with is the Yemeni military, which suffers from a sharp division since Major General Ali Mohsen Al-Ahmar defected in late March 2011 in the midst of protests demanding Saleh's ouster. The military services protests extended to the Republican Guard – based in the south of Sana'a – when dozens from the Fourth Brigade closed down southern entrances to the capital city and demanded the firing of the brigade's commander, Mohammad Al-Arar, and his general staff.
In an interview in September 2012 to the Washington Post, Hadi warned that his country, still reeling from the popular uprising that ousted his predecessor Ali Abdullah Saleh, risks a descent into a civil war "worse than Afghanistan" should an upcoming months-long national dialogue fail to resolve the state's deep political and societal rifts. He also said that Yemen was facing "three undeclared wars" conducted by al Qaeda, pirates in the Gulf of Aden, and Houthi rebels in the north, and that Iran was supporting these adversaries indirectly without giving further details.
Rebel takeover and resignation
On 22 January 2015, after the takeover of the capital by Houthi rebels, President Hadi and Prime Minister Khaled Bahah tendered their resignations to parliament which reportedly refused to accept them. Then the Yemeni cabinet dissolved.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi.|
- "Al-Hadi acting President of Yemen". Al Jazeera. 4 June 2011.
- "Yemeni President Saleh signs deal on ceding power". BBC News. 23 November 2011.
- "Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi biography". Yemen Fox. 23 February 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Saleh’s successor: low-profile warrior of consensus in Yemen". Al Arabiya (Sanaa). AFP. 19 February 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- ""Hadi elected as Yemen new president", 25 February 2012". Yemen24news.blogspot.com. 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- "Yemen profile - President: Abdrabbuh Mansour Hadi". BBC News. 26 October 2013.
- Kasinof, Laura (25 February 2012). "Yemen’s New President Sworn Into Office". New York Times. Retrieved 25 February 2012.
- "AFP: Yemen's Saleh formally steps down after 33 years". Google. 27 February 2012. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- "Yemen's National Dialogue Behind Closed Doors". Atlanticcouncil.org. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- Peter Salisbury. "Yemen's quiet president". Aljazeera.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- [Yemeni president orders new structure of armed forces. BBC Monitoring International Reports, 21 December 2012]
- Mukhashaf, Mohammed. ""Yemen president vows to pursue Qaeda-linked militants", Reuters, 5 March 2012". Reuters.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- Rothkopf, David. ""Yemen's president warns of a civil war 'worse than Afghanistan'", FP, 29 September 2012". Blog.foreignpolicy.com. Retrieved 2014-08-26.
- "Yemen crisis: President resigns as rebels tighten hold". BBC. January 22, 2015. Retrieved January 22, 2015.
Ali Salim al-Beidh
|Vice President of Yemen
Ali Abdullah Saleh
|President of Yemen