Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani

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Abd Al-Rahman Al-Gillani
Sheikhgillani.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Iraq
In office
November 11, 1920 – November 20, 1922
Monarch Faisal I
Preceded by None
Succeeded by Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun
Personal details
Born 1841 (1841)
Died 1927 (1928)

Qutb-ul Aqtaab Naqib Al Ashraaf Syed Abd ar-Rahman al-Qadri al Gillani (1841–1927) was the first Prime Minister of Iraq, and its head of state. He is 15th direct descendant of Abdul Qadir Jilani[citation needed], the Cardinal Sufi Saint in Sufi Islam. Al Gillani was chosen in 1920 to head the Iraqi Council of Ministers following the dissolution of the Ottoman Empire. He used his influence to oppose the appointment of Faisal I as King of Iraq and resigned his post when his efforts were defeated. Nevertheless, Faisal reappointed him as prime minister in order to curb opposition.

In 1922 Gillani negotiated the first Anglo-Iraqi Treaty, which ensured nominal independence for the country, though Britain maintained control of the military and foreign affairs, essentially establishing a Mandate in the country. Opposed to these results, Gillani resigned shortly after.

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Political offices
Preceded by
None
Prime Minister of Iraq
1920— 1922
Succeeded by
Abd al-Muhsin as-Sa'dun