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For Ahmed Shah Abdali please see Ahmed Shah Abdali
Type Short range ballistic missile (SRBM)
Service history
In service Since 1996[1]
Used by Pakistan
Production history
Manufacturer Space Research Commission
Weight 1,750 kg
Length 9.75 m
Diameter 0.56 m
Warhead Single Conventional HE/NE 500Kg

Engine Single stage solid propellant
180 km
Inertial, Terminal
transporter erector launcher (TEL)

Abdali-I (Codename: Hatf-II; named after the Pashtun king Ahmad Shah Abdali, the founder of the Durrani Empire) is a supersonic short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), and currently in operational service with the Pakistan Armed Forces.[1]

The Abdali program was conceived and originally designed by the Space Research Commission in 1990s. The program's first derivative was originally designed as the two-stage version of the Hatf-I, essentially a solid-propellant stage was attached to the bottom of a Hatf-I.[2] However, the program was canceled in 1994, likely due to the purchase of the M-11 missiles from the People’s Republic of China.[2][3] In 1995, SUPARCO successfully persuaded and designed a new module for the Abdali program which was started the same year.

Design and Specification[edit]

Its accuracy is sufficient for use against military targets such as bases or airfields. It is carried on a road mobile Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicle. The use of solid propellant and the TEL vehicle make the missile easy to store, transport and fire.[2]

The Abdali-I has a range of 180 km and an accuracy of 15 m CEP.[2] It is equipped with an inertial guidance system with terminal guidance. It can be equipped with a variable payload up to 500 kg, and can carry single HE explosive or cluster sub-munition warheads. It has a launch weight of 1,750 kg. It uses a single-stage solid propellant engine and has a length of 9.75 m and a width of 0.56 m. Abdali is nuclear capable.[2]

Development History and Current Status[edit]

The original Abdali-I missile started development in 1987 and was first displayed in 1989. Another consideration may have been the purchase from China of the M-11 missiles with similar capabilities.[2] Since the program was restarted with a new design in 1997, it has been flight tested in 2002, 2005 and 2006.[4][5] Abdali is currently deployed and under production.[1][6]