- For Ahmed Shah Abdali please see Ahmed Shah Abdali
|Abdali missile during national day parade|
|Type||Short range ballistic missile (SRBM)|
|In service||Since 1996|
|Manufacturer||Space Research Commission|
|Warhead||Single Conventional HE/NE 500Kg|
|Engine||Single stage solid propellant|
|transporter erector launcher (TEL)|
Abdali-I (Codename: Hatf-II; named after the Pashtun king Ahmad Shah Abdali, the founder of the Durrani Empire) is a supersonic short-range ballistic missile (SRBM) developed by the Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission (SUPARCO), and currently in operational service with the Pakistan Armed Forces.
The Abdali program was conceived and originally designed by the Space Research Commission in 1990s. The program's first derivative was originally designed as the two-stage version of the Hatf-I, essentially a solid-propellant stage was attached to the bottom of a Hatf-I. However, the program was canceled in 1994, likely due to the purchase of the M-11 missiles from the People’s Republic of China. In 1995, SUPARCO successfully persuaded and designed a new module for the Abdali program which was started the same year.
Design and Specification
Its accuracy is sufficient for use against military targets such as bases or airfields. It is carried on a road mobile Transporter-Erector-Launcher (TEL) vehicle. The use of solid propellant and the TEL vehicle make the missile easy to store, transport and fire.
The Abdali-I has a range of 180 km and an accuracy of 15 m CEP. It is equipped with an inertial guidance system with terminal guidance. It can be equipped with a variable payload up to 500 kg, and can carry single HE explosive or cluster sub-munition warheads. It has a launch weight of 1,750 kg. It uses a single-stage solid propellant engine and has a length of 9.75 m and a width of 0.56 m. Abdali is nuclear capable.
Development History and Current Status
The original Abdali-I missile started development in 1987 and was first displayed in 1989. Another consideration may have been the purchase from China of the M-11 missiles with similar capabilities. Since the program was restarted with a new design in 1997, it has been flight tested in 2002, 2005 and 2006. Abdali is currently deployed and under production.
In February 2006, the Government of Afghanistan delivered a complained to Pakistan over naming its lethal ballistic missiles after Afghan kings and rulers (i.e. Abdali, Ghaznavid and Ghauri), arguing that their names should be bracketed with academic, cultural and peace-promoting institutions, not with tools of destruction and killing. However, Pakistan declined to change the missiles' names stating that these Muslim rulers are considered heroes in Pakistan as well, and naming missiles after them is not controversial.
- Pakistan's Missile Program Chronology
- Missiles of the World
- FAS: M-11 missile sale
- Pakistan tests the Hatf II/Abdali missile
- Jane's Strategic Weapon Systems
- Pakistan Missile Update - 2003
- ‘Stop naming missiles after Afghan heroes’
- Kabul objects to Pakistani missile names
- Pakistan hijacked our heroes, says Kabul
- BBC NEWS, 23 February 2006