Mohamed Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy
|Mohamed Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy
(Arabic: محمد عبد الغني الجمسي)
|Field Marshal Mohamed Abdel Ghani el-Gamasy, The Commander in Chief of the Armed Forces|
|Minister of Defence of Egypt|
|Prime Minister||Abd El Aziz Muhammad Hegazi
|Preceded by||Ahmed Ismail Ali|
|Succeeded by||Kamal Hassan Ali|
|Born||9 September 1921|
|Died||7 June 2003 (aged 81)|
|Years of service||1939—1978|
|Commands||Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces|
|Battles/wars||World War II
Yom Kippur War
|Awards||24 Order, Medal and Ribbon from Egypt and other countries|
Early life 
El Gamasy was born on 9 September 1921 in Batanoon, Monufia Governorate, Egypt. He was one of two brothers and five sisters. After high school, El Gamassy joined the Egyptian Military Academy and graduated in 1939.
October War 
El Gamasy was well known for being the director of operations for all forces participating in the 1973 October War. He was also appointed by Anwar Sadat as the head of the group that participated in the disengagement talks on October 28, at "Kilometer 101". Reportedly, he was sad for the lost souls at the war when the American secretary of state Henry Kissinger announced that the president Sadat agreed to pull the main part of the Egyptian forces from the east side of the Suez Canal in exchange of the withdrawal of Israeli forces from the west side of the Suez Canal and retreat back into the depth of Sinai.
On 7 June 2003, El Gamasy died in a hospital in Cairo after a long battle with illness.
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