Abdiweli Mohamed Ali

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Abdiweli Mohamed Ali
عبدالولي محمد علي
Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali.jpg
President of Puntland
Incumbent
Assumed office
8 January 2014
Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar
Preceded by Abdirahman Mohamud Farole
Prime Minister of Somalia
In office
19 June 2011 – 17 October 2012
President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed
Muse Hassan Abdulle (Acting)
Mohamed Osman Jawari
(Acting)
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud
Preceded by Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
Succeeded by Abdi Farah Shirdon
Personal details
Born (1965-07-02) 2 July 1965 (age 49)
Dhusamareb, Somalia
Political party Ururka Dadka Puntland (UDAD)
Alma mater Somali National University
Vanderbilt University
Harvard University
George Mason University
Religion Islam
Website Official website

Dr. Abdiweli Mohamed Ali (Somali: Cabdiweli Maxamed Cali pronounced [ʕɑbdɪwɛli mɑħɑmɛd ʕɑli]; Arabic: عبدالولي محمد علي‎; About this sound English pronunciation ), also known as Abdiweli Mohamed Ali Gas,[1] is a Somali American economist, professor and politician. He served as the Prime Minister of Somalia from June 2011 to October 2012, and briefly afterwards as an MP in the newly formed Federal Parliament. During his time as Premier, Ali is credited with having devised the formal "Roadmap for the End of Transition", a political process which provided clear benchmarks leading toward the establishment of permanent democratic institutions in the country. On 8 January 2014, he was elected the 5th President of Puntland.

During his tenure as the regional state's President, Ali launched a new biometric fishery database, strengthened bilateral cooperation with the European Union in the security and development sectors, initiated taxation reform with regard to international organizations working in Puntland, established a new mutual consulate agreement with Yemen, finalized a five-year development plan for Puntland, strengthened bilateral cooperation with the United Arab Emirates, launched new road, airport and seaport development initiatives in Bosaso and other local areas in conjunction with Djibouti, China and UNHABITAT officials, and successfully concluded the Galgala campaign against the Al-Shabaab militant group. He also signed a 12-point bilateral agreement in Garowe with Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed, which officially reaffirms Puntland's boundaries, agrees to form a united and inclusive national army, and establishes parliamentary committees consisting of Federal and Puntland representatives to ensure equitable allocation of resources and oversee eventual Provisional Constitution talks. Additionally, Ali led a Puntland delegation at a global business conference in London with the goal of highlighting the regional state's commercial potential, establishing business partnerships, and securing funding and mega development projects in the energy and agricultural sectors.

Background[edit]

Personal life[edit]

Ali is originally from the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia.[2] He holds both Somali and American citizenship.[3] He is multilingual, being fluent in Somali, Arabic, Italian and English.[4]

Ali is married to Dr. Hodan Isse, a University at Buffalo Economics professor and founder of HEAL, a Buffalo-based NGO. The couple have four children.[5]

Education[edit]

Ali was educated in various universities around the world, but initially studied in Mogadishu, Somalia's capital. In 1984, he earned a Bachelor of Arts in Economics from the Somali National University, graduating with highest honors.[4]

Ali later relocated to the United States for post-graduate studies. In 1988, he obtained a Master's degree from Vanderbilt University as an AFGRAD Fellow of Economics. Between 1994–1995 and 1995–1998, he was a Bradley Fellow in George Mason University's Department of Economics and Center for Study of Public Choice, respectively. In 1998–1999, Ali was a Joel Fellow of Political Economy at the Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, where he earned a Certificate of Taxation from Harvard Law School in 1999 and a Master's degree in Public administration the same year. In 2000, he also obtained a Ph.D. in Economics from George Mason University.[3][6][4]

Career[edit]

General[edit]

In a professional capacity, Ali served as a Director in the Excise Tax Department of Somalia's federal Ministry of Finance and Revenue in the mid-to-late 1980s. Between 1988 and 1991, he was an Assistant Director in Research and Statistics at the Ministry of Finance and Revenue.[4]

From 1993 to 1998, Ali was an Adjunct Professor of Economics in the Department of Social Science and Public Service of Northern Virginia Community College in Alexandria, Virginia.[4] Between 1998 and 1999, he was a Teaching Fellow at Harvard University's John F. Kennedy School of Government and the Harvard Institute for International Development (HIID).[6][4]

In the 2000s, Ali worked as a Research and Forecast Manager for the Commonwealth of Virginia.[6]

He later moved to Niagara County in New York state, where he was an Associate Professor of Economics in the Department of Commerce of Niagara University,[4][2] having joined the school in 2003.[6]

Ali also served as a consultant for various international organizations, including the World Bank and the United Nations Development Program.[6]

His main academic areas of concentration have been in public finance, public choice and international trade.[3] Ali's current research endeavors have centered around the impact that institutions have on economic growth.[6]

Ali has written articles for many peer-reviewed journals, including the Journal of Business and Economics Research, International Advances in Economic Research, and the Journal of Public Choice. In 2001, a paper of his titled Political stability, stable economic policies and growth: An empirical investigation that was published in the Atlantic Economic Journal was awarded the year's Best Article Award.[6]

Ali is also an active member of various economic organizations, including the International Atlantic Economic Society, the American Economic Association and the Southern Economic Association.[6]

Transitional Federal Government[edit]

On June 12, 2010, Ali was appointed the Transitional Federal Government of Somalia's Minister of Planning and International Cooperation as well as one of several Deputy Prime Ministers. Selected for the position by the former Premier Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed, he served as an integral part of a technocratic Cabinet.[2][7][6]

Prime Minister of Somalia[edit]

Appointment[edit]

On June 19, 2011, Ali was appointed the Acting Premier of Somalia after Prime Minister Mohamed abruptly resigned from office as part of a controversial agreement signed in Kampala between the President and the Parliament Speaker.[3][8] A few days later, on June 23, 2011, Ali was named permanent Prime Minister.[3]

Lawmakers welcomed Ali's nomination and reaffirmed their opposition to and intention of repealing the Kampala Accord.[9]

In a session held on June 28, 2011, Members of Parliament overwhelmingly approved Ali's appointment as Prime Minister. 337 of the MPs endorsed the selection, while 2 voted against it and 2 abstained.[10]

On July 23, 2011, Parliament unanimously endorsed Prime Minister Ali's selection of new Cabinet officials. The ministerial posts were expanded to include an additional 9 state ministers and 26 deputy ministers, bringing a total of 53 federal ministers.[11]

2011 drought[edit]

On July 4, 2011, in one of his first policy initiatives, Prime Minister Ali appointed a national committee to tackle the severe drought that was then affecting large parts of the country and the larger East Africa region. The committee consisted of several federal-level members of government, including the Ministers of Defense, Health, Interior, Finance, Public Works, Women's Affairs and Information. It was tasked with assessing and addressing the needs of the drought-impacted segments of the population.[12]

Special Force[edit]

In August 2011, Prime Minister Ali announced the creation of a new Special Force (SP) division of the Somali National Army (SNA). Consisting of 300 trained soldiers, the unit was initially mandated with protecting relief shipments and distribution centers in Mogadishu. Besides helping to stabilize the city, the new protection force was also tasked with combating banditry and other vices.[13]

Linda Nchi[edit]

In October 2011, a coordinated operation between the Somalian military and the Kenyan military referred to as Linda Nchi began, with Kenyan troops crossing the border into southern Somalia in pursuit of Al-Shabaab militants that are alleged to have kidnapped several foreign tourists and workers inside Kenya.[14][15] Prime Minister Ali along with President of Somalia Sharif Ahmed initially opposed the deployment of Kenyan troops into the country, as they felt it was a breach of an earlier joint defence pact reached with the Kenyan government that limited Kenya's support to logistical activities.[16] On October 31, a Somalian delegation led by Prime Minister Ali met in Nairobi with the Kenyan Premier Raila Odinga and other government officials to iron out differences and to outline a joint strategy vis-a-vis Operation Linda Nchi. After lengthy talks, the delegations issued a joint communique pledging coordinated military, political and diplomatic support for the mission, requesting that AMISOM peacekeepers police areas captured from Al-Shabaab, and that the International Criminal Court (ICC) begin formal investigations against the group's commanders.[17] In addition, Prime Minister Ali urged the international community to support the joint operation, and stated that the mission "would be led by Somali forces with support of Kenyan forces". The two delegations also formed a joint high-level co-ordinating committee to maintain regular contacts between their respective governments.[18]

In early June 2012, Kenyan forces were formally integrated into AMISOM.[19] Analysts expect the additional AU troop reinforcements to help the Somali authorities gradually expand their territorial control.[20]

Marine forces[edit]

On August 7, 2012, Prime Minister Ali announced that his government was set to re-establish the Somali Navy, which had disbanded shortly after the outbreak of the civil war in the early 1990s. Speaking to reporters in the capital, the Premier indicated that his administration wanted to create a well-trained national marine force capable of efficiently patrolling Somalia's territorial waters and putting an end to the illegal plunder of the country's resources by foreign companies and nations. He also indicated that he had asked the international community to support the Somali government's extant efforts aimed at developing its maritime defensive capacity, including the possibility of acquiring speed boats and warships to more effectively secure the country's extensive seaboard.[21]

Post-transition Roadmap[edit]

Prime Minister Ali has been credited with devising the formal "Roadmap for the End of Transition", a political process which provided clear benchmarks leading toward the establishment of permanent democratic institutions in Somalia by mid-2012, when the Transitional Federal Government's mandate expired.[22]

In February 2012, the Premier and other Somali government officials met in the northeastern town of Garowe to discuss post-transition political arrangements. After extensive deliberations attended by regional actors and international observers, the conference ended in a signed agreement between Prime Minister Ali, TFG President Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, Speaker of Parliament Sharif Hassan Sheikh Aden, Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole, Galmudug President Mohamed Ahmed Alim and Ahlu Sunna Waljama'a representative Khalif Abdulkadir Noor stipulating that: a) a new 225 member bicameral parliament would be formed, with a lower house and an upper house seating 54 Senators; b) 30% of the National Constituent Assembly (NCA) is earmarked for women; c) the President is to be appointed via a constitutional election; and d) the Prime Minister is selected by the President and he/she then names his/her Cabinet.[23][24]

On June 23, 2012, the Somali federal and regional leaders met again and approved a draft constitution after several days of deliberation.[25] The National Constituent Assembly overwhelmingly passed the new constitution on August 1, with 96% voting for it, 2% against it, and 2% abstaining.[26]

2012 presidential elections[edit]

In early August 2012, Prime Minister Ali officially announced his intention to present himself as a presidential candidate in Somalia's 2012 elections. Speaking before a gathering of hundreds of supporters in Mogadishu, Ali highlighted his administration's various achievements during its brief tenure, saying that "if you appreciate all the hard work and the national obligations done by my government then you will be giving me your votes."[27]

Ali was among the four contestants that made it to the second round of voting. However, he and another candidate subsequently dropped out, leaving former TFG president Sharif Sheikh Ahmed to contest the presidency with the eventual winner, Hassan Sheikh Mohamud.[28]

End of term[edit]

Ali's term as Prime Minister of Somalia ended on 6 October 2012, when newly elected President Mohamud appointed entrepreneur and economist Abdi Farah Shirdon to the office.[29]

Federal Parliament[edit]

Following the establishment of the Federal Parliament of Somalia in August 2012, Ali briefly served as an MP in the new legislature. He represented the north-central Galkayo constituency.[30]

President of Puntland[edit]

Election[edit]

In August 2013, Ali launched a campaign to run for President of the autonomous Puntland state in the northeastern region's 2014 elections. After meeting with Puntland leaders in the UAE, opposition groups agreed that he would make a viable compromise candidate. He later arrived in Puntland to confer with political and clan leaders in Galkayo and Qardho so as to strengthen ties with the opposition and secure new supporters.[31] On 8 January 2014, the first and second rounds of voting saw 9 of the 11 presidential contenders eliminated from the running, with Ali and incumbent Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamud Farole left to face off in the third round. Farole initially led the final round with 31 votes, with Ali receiving 18 votes.[32] However, a late rally by Ali saw him eventually win the election, narrowly defeating Farole by 33 votes to 32. The victory officially makes Ali the 5th President of Puntland.[33]

In his acceptance speech, Ali expressed gratitude for the opportunity as well as the work of the Farole administration. He also pledged to defend and adhere to the Puntland Constitution,[34] and called for collaboration in the development and security sectors.[35] For his part, Farole indicated that he accepted the outcome of the election, and felicitated Ali on his victory. Farole also reminded Ali of the responsibility now bestowed upon him as leader, urging the new President-elect to prioritize Puntland's interests and calling on all government officials, workers and security forces to cooperate with the region's new leadership.[34]

On 14 January 2014, former Puntland President Farole officially handed over power to his successor Ali. The transfer ceremony was held at the Puntland State House in Garowe, with incumbent Puntland Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, former Puntland Vice President Abdisamad Ali Shire, outgoing and erstwhile Puntland cabinet ministers, the Ethiopian consul-general in the region, UNSOM officials and other international representatives in attendance. During his hand over speech, Farole recapped the accomplishments of his administration, and noted a number of infrastructural development projects in the region that were scheduled for implementation. He also thanked all members of government for having worked for the greater communal good, and pledged to assist the incoming leadership with any advice and consultations should it require them. President Ali in turn thanked the outgoing Puntland administration for its achievements, and vowed to continue and build on them. Wishing Farole well in his future endeavors, Ali also noted that his administration would benefit going forward from Farole's advice and support as a statesman.[36]

Inauguration[edit]

On 25 January 2014, Puntland President Ali and Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar were officially inaugurated into office at a ceremony at the state capital Garowe. The event was attended by a number of dignitaries, including former Puntland Presidents Abdirahman Mohamed Farole and Mohamud Muse Hersi, Jubaland President Ahmed Mohamed Islam (Madobe), Galmudug President Abdi Hasan Awale Qeybdiid, former Prime Minister of Somalia Ali Mohammed Ghedi, federal MPs, ambassadors from Djibouti, Ethiopia and Turkey, UN Special Representative for Somalia Nicholas Kay, members of the Somali expatriate community and Puntland public, and US, AU and IGAD representatives. In his inaugural speech, Ali outlined his intention to prioritize the security sector in order to create an environment conducive for investment. He also indicated that his administration would facilitate commercial development and trade by renovating and growing the region's existing transport infrastructure, and would seek to tap into Puntland's natural resources through inclusive cooperation. Additionally, Ali pledged to deliver social services in the areas of free education, health and women's development, and highlighted the importance of strengthening relations with the federal government. He likewise gave a 100 day window for the unity conference for Puntland's various constituencies, vowing to revive the "spirit of 1998" when Puntland state was established.[37][38]

Cabinet[edit]

On 15 January 2014, President Ali appointed Dr. Deeq Sulaiman Yusuf as the new Director of the Presidential Palace of Puntland. Yusuf previously served as a good governance consultant to the Somali central government during Ali's term as Prime Minister of Somalia.[39]

Ali concurrently held his first press conference as Puntland President, during which he announced that he was in the process of forming a lean cabinet. He indicated that he would consult with the electorate before unveiling the new council of ministers. Ali also pledged to include more women in the incoming cabinet, and vowed to strengthen the security sector. Additionally, he asked for input and cooperation from the general public.[40]

On 15 January 2014, President Ali engaged in a question and answer session with over 100 members of the public at the Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC) in Garowe. The event included politicians, former cabinet ministers, members of the diaspora, and women and youth. During his 20-minute speech, Ali touched on his development plan for the region, which he indicated would focus on institution building, good governance, security, justice, economy and reconciliation. While commending previous Puntland administrations for having established an effective state security structure, he avered to further strengthen the sector by ensuring that all regional security processes were government-led. Ali also indicated that he intended to tap into existing institutional capacity building initiatives and opportunities, including sending government staff abroad for special skills training. Additionally, Ali pledged to prioritize administrative transparency, as well as launch social campaigns on justice. With regard to the commercial sector, Ali noted the importance of tax revenue, reminding the local business community to fulfill its tax obligations. He also indicated that effective policies were scheduled for the payment of civil service salaries. Ali likewise announced that he would hold a reconciliation conference for Puntland's various constituencies, describing the initiative as the first step in his administration's action plan and a priority for his government.[41]

On 27 January 2014, ahead of the announcement of a new Cabinet, President Ali hosted a luncheon for Members of the Puntland Parliament at the state capital Garowe. The meeting was held at the national assembly building and was also attended by Puntland Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar and Parliament Speaker Said Hassan Shire. President Ali briefed the gathered legislators about his government program, reiterating his focus on commercial development, security, reconciliation and institutional capacity building.[42]

On 28 January 2014, the Chief of Cabinet at the Presidential office, Deeq Suleiman Yusuf, announced President Ali's new Council of Ministers at a press conference at the Puntland State House in Garowe.[43] The new ministerial line-up consisted of 47 officials, including returning politicians, opposition figures, diaspora members and business leaders.[43][1] Two former Presidents of the Khatumo State administration, Ahmed Elmi Osman (Karaash) and Abdinur Elmi Qaaje (Biindho), were named Puntland Minister of Interior and Minister of Fisheries, respectively. Ali Haji Warsame and Shire Haji Farah, two candidates who had participated in the just concluded Puntland presidential elections, were also appointed to the Cabinet, with Warsame assigned the Ministry of Education portfolio and Farah the Ministry of Finance office. The erstwhile Chairman of the Midnimo political association, Saadiq Enow, was in turn named Minister of Health. Additionally, Hassan Osman Mohamud Aloore, the former Minister of Petroleum under the Hersi administration, was given the Ministry of Security portfolio. The new Minister of Women, Anisa Abdulkadir Haji Mumin, and Minister of Constitution, Sahra Saed Nour, were likewise among five women in the new Cabinet, which included three other female Deputy ministers.[43]

On 29 January 2014, Puntland's new Cabinet held its first meeting at the State House in Garowe.[1] The Council of Ministers was officially sworn into office at the same venue on 1 February. The swearing-in function was attended by a number of public figures from the state, including the Vice President, Parliament Speaker, chairman of the Supreme Court and Islamic scholars.[44] On 4 February 2014, Puntland lawmakers approved the new state Cabinet during a session at the parliament hall in Garowe. Moments before the vote of confidence took place, President Ali briefed the present legislators on his government's plans and priorities. All 55 MPs present in the 66-seat chamber subsequently voted in favor of the new Council of Ministers. Ali thanked the parliament for the endorsement, and reiterated his administration's commitment to good governance.[45]

Puntland biometric fishery database[edit]

On 27 March 2014, Puntland President Ali in conjunction with representatives from the EU and FAO officially launched a new database for registering local fishermen.[46] Referred to as the Fishermen Identification Database System, it is a $400,000 project financed by a Trust Fund from seven EU Member States. The database will provide fishermen in the region with a unique identification card.[47] It uses biometric data, which can differentiate between the identities of individuals.[46] Registering fishermen will allow the Puntland government to identify who fishes in its waters, and to ensure efficacious management of fisheries and sustainable resource use through the gathering of vital data.[47] President Ali indicated that the system is also expected to help the authorities more easily distinguish legitimate fishermen from possible pirate suspects. In addition, FAO representative to Somalia Luca Alinovi noted that the database will enable fishermen to work in a secure environment. According to the New York Anti-Piracy Trust Fund, more than 3,100 fishermen already registered in the new biometric database over the previous 12 months.[46]

EU bilateral cooperation[edit]

In March 2014, President Ali discussed bilateral cooperation with a European Union delegation led by EU Envoy to Somalia Michele Cervone d'Urso. The meeting concluded with an agreement by the EU officials to assist the new Puntland administration in strengthening its security sector.[46] Additionally, the representatives indicated that the EU would start allocating directly to Puntland its share of development funds earmarked for Somalia.[48]

In October 2014, Ali met again with EU Special Envoy Cervone d'Urso at the Puntland State House in Garowe. The officials discussed various EU-financed development initiatives that are underway in Puntland, including education, health care and environmental protection projects. They also touched on the ongoing federalization and national reconciliation talks in Somalia, maritime and regional security, and the Puntland forces' victory over Al-Shabaab insurgents during the Galgala campaign. Additionally, the delegations discussed the New Deal conference in Copenhagen slated to take place in November 2014.[49][50]

PMPF training[edit]

On 27 March 2014, a Puntland government delegation including President Ali and cabinet ministers met with EU representatives aboard a NATO ship. The meeting concluded with an announcement by the European Union officials that the EU would begin training Puntland Maritime Police Force units in Djibouti.[48] The new training schedule is intended to help the Puntland authorities strengthen their marine defense capabilities in keeping with the New Deal Compact's Somali Maritime and Resources Strategy.[48][47] President Ali welcomed the initiative, noting that marine cooperation with national and international stakeholders would impact activities on both sea and land, including coastal development projects.[47]

On 28 March 2014, Ali met in Bosaso with the UAE Ambassador to Somalia Mohamed Al Osmani to discuss bilateral relations. Al Osmani asserted that his government would continue supporting progress by Puntland's new leadership. A Puntland presidential office representative also indicated that both parties had reached an agreement stipulating that the UAE government would continue supporting the Puntland Maritime Police Force. The Emirati authorities have funded the PMPF's official training program since the force's formation in 2010.[51]

Puntland tax reform[edit]

In April 2014, the Puntland Ministry of Finance announced that the Puntland government would start taxation of UN and international organizations working in the regional state. According to the head of the Nugal tax department Abdiwahab Farah Ali, this is the first such initiative undertaken in Puntland, and is expected to raise available revenue for local development projects by the new Puntland authorities. The decision is part of a pledge by Puntland President Abdiweli Mohamed Ali to increase the government's development funding in part through higher taxation. Toward this end, the Puntland authorities already increased taxes on commercial firms operating in the state in order to meet regional financing benchmarks.[52]

Puntland-Yemen bilateral cooperation[edit]

In May 2014, Puntland President Ali made an official visit to Yemen to discuss bilateral cooperation between the Puntland and Yemeni governments with President of Yemen Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi. The meeting was held at the presidential palace in Sana'a, and was also attended by a number of ministers from the Puntland regional administration. The delegations touched on bilateral trade, economic investments, security and international issues. According to the Presidential Office, the gathering concluded with an agreement by the Puntland authorities to open a consulate in Sana'a, with the Yemeni government likewise agreeing to open its own consulate in the Puntland region.[53]

Puntland five-year development plan[edit]

On 21 May 2014, Ali chaired a one-day roundtable meeting on the Puntland regional state's development priorities and targets at the Puntland Development Research Center (PDRC) in Garowe. The gathering was attended by officials from various national and international bodies as well as key partners, including representatives from the Somali Federal Government, Turkey, Sweden, World Bank, United Nations, European Union, African Union and IGAD. Ali opened the conference with a briefing of his administration's development goals for the next five years, which would be centered on economic growth, health, education and security. Ambassador Mahamet Saleh Annadif, the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the African Union Commission (SRCC) for Somalia, also commended Puntland on its democratization process and emphasized the importance of the region's stability as well as its position as a role model for other federal states in Somalia. The roundtable meeting concluded with a joint press conference including EU Envoy to Somalia Ambassador Michele Cervone D'urso, during which President Ali announced that the international representatives had agreed to support the Puntland administration's five-year development plan.[54][55]

Puntland-UAE bilateral cooperation[edit]

In August 2014, Ali met with a United Arab Emirates delegation at the Puntland Maritime Police Force base on the outskirts of Bosaso, including UAE Ambassador to Somalia Mohamed Al-Othman and senior heads of the Dubai Port Wall (DP). The representatives discussed a number of bilateral issues such as the ongoing renovations and expansion of the Port of Bosaso and maritime security. Additionally, the officials touched on investments in Puntland's constituent provinces, which the UAE government pledged it would make.[56][57]

Transport development[edit]

In June 2014, Puntland President Ali along with Bosaso Mayor Hassan Abdallah Hassan and other Puntland state officials inaugurated a new 5.9km paved road in Bosaso. The construction project leads to the Port of Bosaso, and was completed in conjunction with UNHABITAT. According to Ali, his administration plans to invest at least 23 million Euros in contributions from international partners in similar road infrastructure development initiatives.[58]

In August 2014, Puntland Transport and Seaports Minister Abdullahi Jama Salah announced ongoing efforts by the Puntland government under President Ali to establish new seaports in the region. The initiative is part of a campaign pledge by Ali to focus on tapping into Puntland's commercial potential through various development projects. According to Salah, he met in Djibouti with representatives from an international construction firm headquartered in China, who are scheduled to soon conduct a project evaluation for a new international seaport in Puntland. The government of Djibouti will provide facilitation during the assessment. Other transportation projects in Puntland that are concurrently in development include the construction of an international airport in the commercial hub of Bosaso.[59]

In November 2014, Ali also conferred with UNHABITAT Head of Office for Somalia Dragan Tatic on the completion of roads and houses in Bosaso, as well as water development projects in the region.[60]

In December 2014, Ali laid the foundation stone for a new runway at the Bender Qassim International Airport in Bosaso. The inauguration event was attended by cabinet ministers, legislators, traditional leaders, and various international officials, including tender winner China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation, financial partner and Ambassador of Italy to Somalia Farbizio Marcelli, and United Nations Office for Project Services representatives. Ali described the initiative as a flagship project aimed at advancing the local aviation sector. Ambassador Marcelli similarly hailed the development, which was originally launched in 2013 under the incumbency of erstwhile Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamed Farole. The China Civil Engineering Construction Corporation is now slated to upgrade the airport's existing gravel runway, pave it with asphalt, and convert it from 1.8 km to 2.65 km in accordance with the code 4C operations clause.[61]

Galgala campaign[edit]

In October 2014, the Puntland Security Force launched a cleanup operation against Al-Shabaab militants in the Galgala area in the northern Golis mountain range. The heavily-armed soldiers reportedly captured an unspecified number of militants as part of the final phase of the Galgala campaign.[62] After seizing the Galgala mountain area, Puntland President Ali offered a 30 day amnesty period to all Al-Shabaab members to turn themselves in to the regional authorities.[63] Security officials later indicated that at least 50 U.S. military personnel had participated in the Galgala attack. This was the first reported ground support in Somalia by U.S. troops since 2006. While Bari provincial Governor Abdisamad Mohamed Galan was visiting the frontlines, U.S. special forces in armoured fighting vehicles were seen in the Galgala area. The foreign military personnel were reportedly gathering intelligence ahead of the raid on the Puntland forces' behalf. They also helped Puntland army units dismantle improvised explosive devices and conducted tactical surveillance.[64]

Garowe bilateral agreement[edit]

In October 2014, Prime Minister of Somalia Abdiweli Sheikh Ahmed led a federal government delegation to the autonomous Puntland region in northeastern Somalia. The delegates included Second Speaker of the Federal Parliament Mahad Abdalle Awad and Minister of Education Ahmed Mohamed Gurase, among other Cabinet members. They were received at the Garowe International Airport by senior Puntland leaders, including President Ali and Vice President Abdihakim Abdullahi Haji Omar, and subsequently attended a well-organized welcoming ceremony at the Puntland presidential palace in Garowe alongside various members of the international community. Ahmed subsequently co-chaired a reconciliation conference in the city between the visiting federal officials and Puntland representatives led by President Ali.[65]

The three-day meeting concluded with a 12-point agreement between the stakeholders, with UN envoy to Somalia Ambassador Nicholas Kay, EU Ambassador Michele Cervone d'Urso, IGAD representative Mohamed Abdi Afey, and Ethiopian Consul General Asmalash Woldamirat serving as witnesses. According to federal Minister of Culture and Higher Education Duale Adan Mohamed, the pact stipulates that the recent tripartite agreement between Galmudug and Himan and Heeb establishing a new central regional state within Somalia only applies to the Galguduud and south Mudug provinces. In keeping with a 2013 pact signed by former Prime Minister of Somalia Abdi Farah Shirdon and former Puntland President Abdirahman Mohamed Farole, the Garowe bilateral agreement also states that the Federal and Puntland authorities will work together to form a united and inclusive national army. Additionally, parliamentary committees consisting of Federal and Puntland representatives are mandated with ensuring equitable distribution of foreign assistance and overseeing eventual talks pertaining to the Provisional Constitution. Ambassador Kay welcomed the agreement and urged both parties to work for the public interest, and IGAD representative Afey likewise hailed the reconciliation effort.[66]

Global African Investment Summit[edit]

In October 2014, President Ali led a Puntland delegation to participate in the Global African Investment Summit in London. The Puntland authorities had reportedly been invited to take part in the international conference.[67] The summit is slated to be attended by various global leaders, and is aimed at highlighting investment opportunities. Its focus is on establishing business partnerships, and securing funding and mega development projects in the energy and agricultural sectors.[68][69] To this end, Ali indicated that his administration welcomed foreign investment in Puntland given the regional state's position as a local commercial center.[67]

Awards[edit]

  • 2014 Top Three Economists in Africa, World Economic Studies, October 2014.[70]
  • 2005–2006 Excellence in Research Award, College of Business Administration, Niagara University, May 2006.[4]
  • Best Paper Award, European Applied Business Research Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 2004.[4]
  • 2003–2004 Excellence in Research Award, College of Business Administration, Niagara University, May 2004.[4]
  • 2001 Best Article Award, Atlantic Economic Journal, October 2002.[4]

Works[edit]

Refereed publications[edit]

  • "How robust is the effect of foreign aid on growth" with (Hodan Isse and Bill Peek), Journal of Business and Behavioral Sciences, Vol. 20, pp. 4–14, Fall 2009 (Lead Article).
  • "The determinants of crime in Virginia: An empirical analysis" (with Bill Peek), forthcoming in Contemporary Issues in Educational Research, Vol. 2 (4), pp. 1–11, 2009 (Lead Article).
  • "Is democracy a prerequisite for political stability?", International Business and Economics Research Journal, October 2004, Vol. 3 (10), pp. 39–47, Won the Best Paper Award.
  • "Determinants of economic corruption: A cross-country comparison" (with Hodan Isse), Cato Journal, Winter Issue 2003, Vol. 22 (3), pp. 449–64. Cited by 58.
  • "Institutional distortions, economic freedom and growth" (with Mark Crain), Cato Journal, Winter Issue 2002, Vol. 21 (3), pp. 415–26. Cited by 63.
  • "Political regimes, economic freedom, institutions and growth" (with Mark Crain), Journal of Public Finance and Public Choice, 2001, Vol. XIX (1), pp. 3–22, Lead Article. Cited by 13.
  • "Political stability, stable economic policies and growth: an empirical investigation", Atlantic Economic Journal, March Issue 2001, Vol. 29, pp. 87–106. Won the 2001 Best Article Award. Cited by 13
  • "Economic freedom, democracy and growth", Journal of Private Enterprise, 1997, vol. 13, pp. 1–20, Lead Article. Cited by 30.

Refereed conference proceedings[edit]

  • "Is Democracy a Prerequisite for Political Stability?" (Won the Best Paper Award), European Applied Business Research Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland, June 14–18, 2004.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Somalia: Puntland's new Cabinet holds first meeting in Garowe". Garowe Online. 29 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Somali Prime Minister Unveiled His Cabinet". English.alshahid.net. Archived from the original on 11 May 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-12. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Gettleman, Jeffrey (2011-06-23). "Somalia Names New Prime Minister". New York Times. Archived from the original on 24 June 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-23. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Abdiweli Mohamed Ali – Curriculum vitae". Niagara University. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  5. ^ lady of somalia.pdf First Lady of Somalia
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i SOMALIA: New Prime Minister of Somalia
  7. ^ Somali lawmakers pass proposed Cabinet
  8. ^ Jeffrey Gettleman (June 19, 2011). "Lauded Somalian Prime Minister Resigns Under Pressure". The New York Times. 
  9. ^ Somalia: Return Country to Stability, New PM Urged
  10. ^ Somalia parliament approves new prime minister
  11. ^ New Somali cabinet approved
  12. ^ SOMALIA: Government names national drought committee
  13. ^ Khalif, Abdulkadir (14 August 2011). "Somalia to set up aid protection force". Africa Review. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  14. ^ Security&Itemid=115 Kenyan ramps up security at Somali border, eyes al Shabaab
  15. ^ "Kenyan troops pursue al-Shabab into Somalia in Operation Linda Nchi". Al Jazeera English. 16 October 2011. Retrieved 16 October 2011. 
  16. ^ Somali President wants Kenya troops out
  17. ^ Somalia government supports Kenyan forces' mission
  18. ^ Somalia vow to clear Al Shabaab Kenya, Somalia vow to clear Al Shabaab
  19. ^ "Kenya: Defense Minister appointed as acting Internal Security Minister". Garowe Online. 19 June 2012. Retrieved 20 June 2012. 
  20. ^ "Kenya agrees to join AMISOM". China Daily. 2011-12-07. 
  21. ^ "Somalia to Make Task Marine Forces to Secure Its Coast". Shabelle Media Network. 31 July 2012. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  22. ^ Ahmed, Muddassar (8 August 2012). "Somalia rising after two decades of civil war and unrest". Al Arabiya. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  23. ^ Somalia: Garowe conference comes to a close
  24. ^ Second Garowe Conference Concludes
  25. ^ "Somalia: Somali Leaders Adopt Draft Constitution". ANP/AFP. Retrieved 23 June 2012. 
  26. ^ "Somalia adopts a constitution, amidst insecurity". Garowe Online. 1 August 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2012. 
  27. ^ El-Dabh, Basil. "Somali PM to run for president". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  28. ^ "Somalia Federal Parliament elects Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as President". Garowe Online. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012. 
  29. ^ "Somali president names political newcomer as PM -diplomats". Reuters. 6 October 2012. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  30. ^ "Office of the Somali Parliament". Office of the Somali Parliament. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  31. ^ "Former Somali Prime Minister to vie in Puntland presidential contest". RBC. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  32. ^ "SOMALIA: Former Somalia PM contests outgoing Farole on the third round of Puntland election race". Raxanreeb. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  33. ^ "SOMALIA: Former PM Abdiweli Ali Gas wins in the Puntland Presidential Elections". Raxanreeb. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  34. ^ a b "Somalia: Parliament elects Dr. Abdiweli Gaas as new Puntland President". Garowe Online. 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  35. ^ Ori, Konye Obaji (9 January 2014). "Puntland governance system sparks hope for Somalia". The Africa Report. Retrieved 9 January 2014. 
  36. ^ "Somalia: Ex-President Farole hands over power to new Puntland President Gas". Garowe Online. 14 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  37. ^ "Somalia: Puntland leader pledges to root out Al Shabaab threats". Garowe Online. 25 January 2014. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  38. ^ Abdirahman, Ayub (25 January 2014). "Somalia: Puntland’s Newly elected President Inaugurated in Garowe". Horseed Media. Retrieved 26 January 2014. 
  39. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland New president Abdiwali Mohamed Ali Gaas Appoints Presidential Palace Head for Dr Deeq Suliaman Yusuf". Raxanreeb. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "SOMALIA: New Puntland President promises to form the leaner cabinet in Puntland". Raxanreeb. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  41. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President discusses plans ahead for new government". Garowe Online. 15 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  42. ^ "Somalia: Puntland president hosts luncheon for MPs ahead of Cabinet announcement". Garowe Online. 27 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  43. ^ a b c "Somalia: Puntland leader unveils new cabinet". Garowe Online. 28 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  44. ^ "Somalia: Puntland cabinet ministers sworn-in in Garowe". Garowe Online. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 2 February 2014. 
  45. ^ "Somalia: Puntland Parliament approves cabinet nominees". Garowe Online. 4 February 2014. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  46. ^ a b c d "Somalia: Puntland and FAO launch a new safe database for Somali Fishermen". Horseed Media. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 27 March 2014. 
  47. ^ a b c d "European Union Ambassadors Meet Puntland’s President For Talks On Maritime Priorities". EU NAVFOR. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  48. ^ a b c "SOMALIA: EU to start training Puntland Marine Forces". Raxanreeb. 27 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  49. ^ "Somalia: Puntland leader meets EU envoy". Garowe Online. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  50. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President meets EU Special Envoy and Ambassadors". Horseed Media. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  51. ^ "Somalia: UAE Pledges Continued Support for Puntland Marine Forces". Horseed Media. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  52. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland to start the taxation of UN and the other International organisations". Raxanreeb. 17 April 2014. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  53. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President meets his Yemeni counterpart". Horseed Media. 5 May 2014. Retrieved 6 May 2014. 
  54. ^ "Somalia: Puntland Govt, Donors gather for roundtable meeting". Garowe Online. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  55. ^ "Somalia: Donors Agree to Support Puntland Government on Development Projects". Horseed Media. 21 May 2014. Retrieved 26 May 2014. 
  56. ^ "Somalia: Puntland leader arrives back in Garowe after provincial tour". Garowe Online. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  57. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland president returns to Garowe". Raxanreeb. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  58. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President inaugurates new paved road in Bossaso Port City". Garowe Online. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  59. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland to establish new seaports as part of the "Boost Puntland Economy" campaign". Raxanreeb. 21 August 2014. Retrieved 22 August 2014. 
  60. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland President Abdiweli Gaas meets UN-HAPITAT head for Somalia Mr.Dragan Tatic". Raxanreeb. 21 November 2014. Retrieved 21 November 2014. 
  61. ^ "Somalia: Puntland President lays foundation stone for Bossaso airport runway". Garowe Online. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  62. ^ "Somalia: Puntland Army conducts clean-up operation in Galgala". Garowe Online. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  63. ^ "Puntland administration gives 30 days amnesty to Al-shabab members". Goobjoog. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  64. ^ "Somalia: US military personnel took part in Galgala offensive". Garowe Online. 3 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  65. ^ "SOMALIA: Prime Minister Abdiweli Shiekh Ahmed in Garowe in the second day". Raxanreeb. 11 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  66. ^ "Somalia: Puntland clinches deal with Federal Govt". Garowe Online. 14 October 2014. Retrieved 14 October 2014. 
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  68. ^ "SOMALIA: Puntland president heads to London to attend Global African Investment Summit". Raxanreeb. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  69. ^ "Somalia: Puntland leader to attend Global African Investment Summit". Garowe Online. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  70. ^ "C/weli Gaas oo ka mid noqdey 3-da nin ee Afrika ugu sareysa dhinaca". Allxiiso Online. 30 October. Retrieved 21 November 2014.  Check date values in: |date= (help)

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Mohamed Abdullahi Mohamed
31 Oct 2010 – 19 Jun 2011
Prime Minister of Somalia
2011–2012
Succeeded by
Abdi Farah Shirdon