Abd al-Wahid II
|Abd al-Wahid II|
|Caliph of Morocco|
|Died||December 4, 1242|
|Successor||Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid|
Abu Muhammad ar-Rashid Abd al-Wahid (Arabic: أبو محمد الرشيد عبد الواحد بن المأمون; Abū Muḥammad Ar-Rashīd `Abd al-Wāḥid ibn Al-Mā'mūn; died 4 December 1242) was an Almohad rival caliph who reigned from 1232 until his death.
Abd al-Wahid succeeded his father Idris I, who had died while marching against Yahya, who was in control of the capital Marrakech. His reign marked the beginning of the final fragmentation of the Almohad empire. He was not able to oust Yahya from Marrakech, while the Emir of Tlemcen become independent from 1236 (founding the Ziyyanid dynasty), following the example of the Hafsid ruler Abu Zakariya in Tunisia.
In 1242 he ordered his governor to fight another secession, that of the Marinid Abu Yahya ibn Abd al-Haqq, who had captured Fes. However, Abd al-Wahid was founded drowned in a pool (or he died from a fall) in his palace in December of the same year. He was succeeded by his brother Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid.
- Julien, Charles-André. Histoire de l'Afrique du Nord, des origines à 1830, Payot, Paris, 1994.
Abu al-Hasan as-Said al-Mutadid
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