Abdul Aziz al-Harbi

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Abdul Aziz al-Harbi
Born 1965
Saudi Arabia
Nationality Saudi Arabian
Ethnicity Arab
Occupation Professor, Scholar
Denomination Sunni
Jurisprudence Zahiri
Creed Athari
Main interest(s) Tafsir, Arabic language
Alma mater Islamic University of Madinah, Umm al-Qura University

Abdul Aziz bin Ali al-Harbi is a Saudi Arabian Islamic scholar and professor at Umm al-Qura University in Mecca.[1]

Career[edit]

A native of Mecca, Harbi was a diligent student. He memorized the entirety of the Qur'an, the Muslim holy book, at the age of eleven.[2]

Harbi earned a Bachelor of Arts degree in Exegesis of the Qur'an, known to Muslims as Tafsir, from Islamic University of Madinah in 1989. Nine years later, he completed a Master of Arts degree in the Muslim prophetic tradition, known as the Sunnah, at Umm al-Qura University, where he would eventually complete his Doctorate of Philosophy in Qur'anic exegesis in 2001.[2] He was promoted to the rank of associate professor at Umm al-Qura in 2006, and currently teaches exegesis. He is also a member of the university's academic board.[3]

Harbi also has an Ijazah authorization in all ten Qira'at, or variant methods of reciting the Qur'an, with a complete chain of narration going back to the original reciters of the Qur'an.[2][3] The majority of his published works, however, have been within the field of the Arabic language, especially in regard to Arabic rhetoric.

Views[edit]

Harbi is notable for holding the view that Harut and Marut, who tempted the people of Babylon, were human beings rather than angels.[1] While this is not the majority view, it was also held by `Abd Allah ibn `Abbas, Abu al-Aswad al-Du'ali, Hasan of Basra, Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari, Al-Zamakhshari and Al-Baghawi.[4] Harbi is a prominent proponent of the Zahirite school of law within Sunni Islam, viewing it as the school of the first generation of Muslims.[5]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b Ansar Al-'Adl, Can Angels Disobey? The Case of Harut and Marut. Retrieved 2013-1-28.
  2. ^ a b c Dr. Abdul Aziz al-Harbi, Tawjih mushkil al-qira`at al-'ashariya al-farashiya lughatan wa tasfiran wa i'raban, back cover. 1st. ed. Riyadh: Dar Ibn Hazm, 2003.
  3. ^ a b Biography of Dr. Abdul Aziz al-Harbi on the official website of the Arabic Language Academy. 7 February 2012. Accessed 29 January 2013.
  4. ^ Muhammad Asad, The Message of The Qur'an, explanation of 2:102. The Book Foundation: 2003 print.
  5. ^ Falih al-Dhibyani, Al-zahiriyya hiya al-madhhab al-awwal, wa al-mutakallimun 'anha yahrifun bima la ya'rifun. Interview with Okaz. 15 July 2006, Iss. #1824. Photography by Salih Ba Habri.