Abdul-Aziz bin Muhammad

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Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud
Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud

Issue

Noble family House of Saud

Imam Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud (Arabic: عبد العزيز بن محمد بن سعود ‎) (d. 1803) was the second ruler of the First Saudi State and son of Muhammad bin Saud. He was also the son-in-law of Muhammad bin Abdul Wahhab. He ruled from 1765 until 1803.

Kingship[edit]

During his reign, the domain of the House of Saud extended into Riyadh with Abdul Aziz's victory there. This victory allowed the House of Saud to rule all of Najd. Their military success and orthodox approach to religion won them great support in the area. Their standing was also boosted by Abdul Aziz's practice of holding open meetings where tribal elders could meet with him, allowing access to their ruler.

Controversies[edit]

In 1801 (1216 Hijri), the First Saudi State under his rule attacked Karbala and Najaf in Iraq, massacred parts of the Muslim population and destroyed the tombs of Husayn ibn Ali (grandson of Muhammad) and Ali ibn Abu Talib (the son-in-law of Muhammad).

Death[edit]

In 1803, Abdul Aziz was assassinated by a man from A'amarah in Iraq by a stiletto, when Abdul Aziz was leading Asr Salat in Dir'aiyah.

Preceded by
Muhammad bin Saud
Imam of First Saudi State
1765–1803
Succeeded by
Saud bin Abdul Aziz bin Muhammad bin Saud