Abdul Ghani Othman

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This is a Malay name; the name Othman is a patronymic, not a family name, and the person should be referred to by the given name, Abdul Ghani.
Yang Berbahagia Tan Sri Dato'
Abdul Ghani Othman
Menteri Besar of Johor
In office
6 May 1995 [1] – 14 May 2013
Preceded by Muhyiddin Yassin
Succeeded by Mohamed Khaled Nordin
Constituency Serom
Ministry of Youth and Sports
In office
1 December 1993 – March 1995
Personal details
Born (1946-11-14) 14 November 1946 (age 67)
Sungai Mati, Ledang, Muar, Johor, Malaysia
Political party United Malays National Organisation
Spouse(s) Datin Prof Dr Jamilah Ariffin
Occupation Politician
Religion Islam

Tan Sri Dato' Hajji Abdul Ghani Bin Othman (born 14 November 1946)[citation needed] served as the Menteri Besar of the state of Johor in Malaysia from 1995 to 2013. Born in Sungai Mati, Ledang, Muar, Johor, Malaysia. He is a member of the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO). He holds the political party position of Ledang Division Chairman, Johor State Liaison Chairman and national Supreme Council member in UMNO.

Early life: Colombo Plan scholar and academic[edit]

He received his primary education at Tangkak Boys School (Sekolah Laki-Laki Tangkak) before entering Muar High School (Sekolah Tinggi Muar).

Qualifying for a Colombo Plan scholarship, Abdul Ghani furthered his studies at Latrobe University in Melbourne, Australia. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in Economics (Hons).

Prior to returning to Malaysia, Abdul Ghani completed a Masters in Economics at the University of Queensland. Upon returning to his homeland, he joined the Economics Faculty of University Malaya (1974–1980) and within several years, was promoted to be the Dean of the School (1980–1984). In addition to that, he also served as Master of First College (Residential) for University of Malaya (1979 – 1984).[2]

Political career[edit]

Abdul Ghani's political career began when he was first appointed to be a Senator (December 1984 - July 1986). This was followed by his appointment to the Federal Parliament in August 1986.

From May 1987 to November 1990, Abdul Ghani held the post of Deputy Minister for Energy, Telecommunication and Post. Subsequently, he was then given the portfolio of Deputy Minister of Finance from 1990 to 1993.

In December 1993, Abdul Ghani was promoted to become the Minister of Youth and Sports (1 December 1993 - March 1995). He immediately initiated a national youth program called 'Rakan Muda' (Young Friend), which helped mobilize Malaysian youths through healthy activities such as sports and cultural events.

In March 1995, Abdul Ghani was appointed to become the Menteri Besar of Johor and has held that position for the past 17 years.

During the Malaysian general election, 2013 however, he was defeated by Democratic Action Party's advisor Lim Kit Siang in Gelang Patah,Johor and was replaced by Mohamed Khaled Nordin as Menteri Besar for Johor.

Awards[edit]

The Sultan of Johor awarded Abdul Ghani the Order of the Crown of Johor; Seri Mahkota Johor (SMJ) medal and the Darjah Kebesaran Seri Paduka Mahkota Johor (SPMJ) in 1989, which brought with it the title of Dato'. Abdul Ghani was then conferred in 1996 the rank of "The Most Esteemed Family Order of Johor" (Darjah Kerabat Mahkota Johor Yang Amat Dihormati) (D.K. II)

On the 9th of April 2009, Sultan Iskandar bestowed upon Abdul Ghani the highest award in the State of Johor, DK (I). It is very rare for a commoner to receive such an award, which is normally given to royals.

Controversy[edit]

Bangsa Malaysia[edit]

Ghani did not agree with the Bangsa Malaysia concept and alleging that Bangsa Malaysia was a "nebulous concept" which overstepped the bounds of the Constitution. "Even if the term Bangsa Malaysia is to be used, it must only be applied in the context of all the peoples of Malaysia with the Malays as the pivotal race," he said.[3]

Ghani insisted that those advocating Bangsa Malaysia were echoing Lee Kuan Yew's call for a Malaysian Malaysia made during the early 1960s when Singapore was a state in Malaysia, even though the campaign had been repudiated by the government.[4]

After the 2006 UMNO Annual General Assembly, Ghani elaborated that his opposition to Bangsa Malaysia and Malaysian Malaysia was because:

Ghani defined his idea kenegaraan as "the idea that has united the Malays, and also the same idea that has given privileges to other races to be citizens, live together and share power and prosperity."[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Menteri Besar of Johor 1986 – 1995
  2. ^ http://kk1.um.edu.my/english/index_BI.htm
  3. ^ Nambiar, Ravi & Nadzmi, Siti Nurbaiyah (Nov. 6, 2006). "Ghani: Bangsa Malaysia is rojak and unacceptable", p. 10. New Straits Times.
  4. ^ Nambiar, Ravi & Nadzmi, Siti Nurbaiyah (Nov. 7, 2006). "No Bangsa Malaysia in Constitution, says Najib", p. 6. New Straits Times.
  5. ^ Tan, Marsha (Dec. 3, 2006). Ghani on why people cannot accept concept. The Star.

External links[edit]