Abdul Halim Sharar

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Abdul Halim Sharar
Born 1860[1]
Died 1926
Language Urdu
Nationality Indian
Ethnicity Indian
Genre Essay, novel
Notable works Guzishta Lucknow
Firdos -e- Bareen

Abdul Halim Sharar (Urdu: عبدالحلیم شرار‎) (1860–1926)[1][2] was an essayist and historian of Lucknow. His book "Guzishta Lucknow" is a rich source of information on the genesis of the city and its culture. He wrote famous tales with historical content. One of them is فردوس بریں (Firdos -e- Bareen) which is named after a section of paradise according to Islamic Doctrine.

Early life[edit]

Abdul Halim Sharar was born in Lucknow in 1860. His father Hakim Tafazzul Husain was a scholar of Islamic religion and Persian literature. Sharar was educated at home where he learnt Arabic and Persian. He started learning Greek medicine system but did not finish it. In 1880 Sharar married his first cousin.


فردوس بریں This Historical content tells us when a new sect was tried to invent and was named فرقہ باطنیہ (Sect of Spirituality) and their leaders conspired to rule out Islam and they established highly secret society and they created artificial Paradise. They would make people stunned by their network of spies. They would sneak up a person's personal life and would pretend to tell the hidden (غیب) then that person would become their devotee and would do anything they would demand. History shows they captured a lot of people and made them to kill many renowned people and Scholars (علماء). According to history Halaku Khan (ہلاکو خان) son of Ganges Khan or Changez Khan in Urdu چنگیز خان found these people and he disposed of them all.[3] He authored a magazine dil gudaaz initially from Luckhnow and later from Hyderabad where he was in the service of Nizam of Hyderabad.[4][5]

Anar Kali[edit]

Anar Kali انار کلی was his fantasy which he writes that he created this character to show or to imagine how it would look like in Akbar the Great's time. He admits this to be fantasy on the very first page. The Text Book Board of Punjab Pakistan published the book for 12th grade students and they give this to be on very first lines. انار کلی اور شہزادہ سلیم کی کہانی علامہ عبد الحلیم شرر نے لکھی تھی تاکہ اس بات کو سمجھا جا سکے کہ ان دنوں میں حرم سراء کیسے ہوتے ہونگے۔

This makes it clear that the Story of Anarkali is pure fantasy.


In alphabetical order
  • Firdos -e- Bareen
  • Hasan Angelina (1889)
  • Guzishta Lucknow
  • Malikul Aziz Varjinia (1889)
  • Mansur Mohana (1890)
  • "Philpana"

Asray Qadeem

Firdaus Bareen

Islami Swaneh Umriaan

Darbar-E- Harampur

Afsana Qais...

Afsana e Mateen...

Agha Sadiq Ki Shadi...


  1. ^ a b "Abdul Halim Sharar biography" (PDF). columbia.edu. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Sheldon I. Pollock (2003). Literary Culture in History: Reconstructions from South Asia. University of California Press. pp. 881–. ISBN 978-0-520-22821-4. Retrieved 2 January 2013. 
  3. ^ "Soul of a city". The Hindu. Retrieved 1 January 2013. 
  4. ^ "Abdul Haleem Sharar [1860-1926]". mcrc.org.uk. Retrieved 22 May 2013. 
  5. ^ "Abdul Haleem Sharar" (PDF). columbia.edu. Retrieved 22 May 2013.