Abdul Hamid (soldier)

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Shaheed Abdul Hamid
Born (1933-07-01)1 July 1933[1]
Dhamupur village of Ghazipur District in Uttar Pradesh[1]
Died 10 September 1965(1965-09-10) (aged 32)[1]
Chima, Khem Karan Sector, Tarn Taran Sahib
Allegiance India
Service/branch Infantry, Indian Army
Years of service 1954–1965[1]
Rank Company Quarter Master Havildar
Unit 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers
Battles/wars Indo-Pakistani War of 1965
Awards Param Vir Chakra (posthumous)

Havildar Abdul Hamid (1 July 1933 – 10 September 1965) was a soldier in the 4th Battalion, The Grenadiers of the Indian Army, who died in the Khem Karan sector during the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965, and was the posthumous recipient of the Republic of India's highest military decoration, the Param Vir Chakra.

Early life[edit]

Abdul Hamid was born in a Muslim family at Dhamupur village of Ghazipur District of Uttar Pradesh on 1 July 1933, the son of Mohammad Usman [1]

Army[edit]

Abdul Hamid was enrolled into The Grenadiers infantry regiment as army number 239885 on 27 December 1954.[1] He was later posted in the 4th Battalion of the regiment where he served all his service life. During his service, Abdul Hamid served with his battalion in Agra, Amritsar, Jammu & Kashmir, Delhi, NEFA and Ramgarh. During the Sino-Indian War of 1962, Hamid's battalion was part of 7th Infantry Brigade commanded by Brigadier John Dalvi, and participated in the battle of Namka Chu against the Chinese. Surrounded and cut off, the battalion had made a fighting breakaway into Bhutan by foot and then to Misamari. A young officer, 2 Lt GVP Rao had been awarded a posthumous Maha Vir Chakra, the highest gallantry award won by the battalion since Independence till Hamid's own award eclipsed it.[2]

During his service, he was awarded the following service medals:[3]

Indo-Pak War[edit]

After five years of service in the anti-tank section Abdul Hamid had recently been promoted and given charge of quartermaster stores of his company. As he was the best 106mm recoilless rifle shot in the battalion, he was reverted to his former charge as NCO commanding the battalion's recoilless rifle platoon.[4]

In the Lahore sector of operations, 4 Mountain Division of India, having been rebuffed in its advance to the Ichhogil by the Pakistani counter-offensive, fell back to the Khem Kharan area. In the new defence plan of the Division, 4 Grenadiers, along with three other battalions of the division formed a defence line between Assal Uttar and Chima villages on the Khem Karan-Bhikhiwind-Amritsar road and the Patti axis. 4 Grenadiers was on the northern flank in general area of Chima village while other battalions were to the south ending with its sister battalion, 7 Grenadiers, in Asal Uttar village itself.[4]

Earlier the battalion had captured its objective on the Ichhogil canal but being outflanked by the Pakistani counter-offensive was ordered back to new positions. It had already been in combat for more than 24 hours when it began digging trenches and weapon pits in its defensive positions. The battalion defended area was covered with cotton and sugarcane fields and the battalion was able to camouflage its location, using ploughed fields for field of fire. The 106mm recoilless guns were deployed along the Khem Karan-Amritsar road.[2] On 8 September, the enemy made repeated probing attacks on the 4th Grenadiers position. The battalions recoilless weapons and automatics were effectively sited by Hamid's company officers, Lt H. R. Jahnu and 2Lt V. K. Vaid. That afternoon Abdul Hamid destroyed two Patton tanks, the commander of one of which asked Hamid for directions just before Hamid destroyed the tank.[2][4]

On 10 September 1965 at 0800 hours, a battalion of Pakistani armour supported by Patton tanks attacked the 4th Grenadier positions but was unable to locate the battalion's defences. The attack preceded by intense artillery bombardment to soften the target and to garner a heavy fire in an attempt to draw Indian response. By 0900 hours, the enemy tanks had penetrated the forward company positions. In the melee, Hamid saw a group of Pattons heading towards his battalion defences. Seeing the gravity of the situation, he moved out to a flank with his gun mounted on a jeep. Intense enemy shelling and tank fire did not deter him. He fired continuously knocking out three Pattons one after another but was killed by tank fire from the fourth before he could engage it.[2][4]

Successful actions by Indian armour, artillery and infantry anti-tank actions, such as those of Abdul Hamid, tarnished the reputation of the M48 Patton and after the 1965 war, the M48 was largely replaced by the M60.[5] India set up a war memorial named "Patton Nagar" ("Patton Town") in Khemkaran District, where the captured Pakistani Patton tanks are displayed.

Citation[edit]

Company Quarter Master Havildar Abdul Hamid was honoured with the highest war time gallantry medal, Param Vir Chakra, posthumously. While his citation gives him credit for three tanks destroyed; in fact he had destroyed no less than 7 enemy tanks. This is because the citation for Abdul Hamid's PVC was sent on the evening on 9 September 1965 but he destroyed 3 more tanks on the previous day, plus the seventh one which also killed him.[6]

The award was announced on 16 September 1965, less than a week after the battle that cost his life. The award was presented to his spouse, Rasoolan Bibi by Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, then President of India during the 1966 Republic Day Parade.[1]

Legacy[edit]

In his memory, a mausoleum was constructed on his grave by the 4th Grenadiers at Asal Uttar and each year a "mela" is organised on the date of his martyrdom. The residents of Asal Uttar have named and operate a dispensary, library and school in the village. In his honour, the Army Postal Service issued a special cover on 10 September 1979.[2]

In the 1988 Television serial Param Vir Chakra by Chetan Anand, Abdul Hamid is played by actor Naseeruddin Shah.[citation needed]

A pictorial postage stamp of value Rs 3 was issued by India Post on 28 January 2000 as part of a set of five postage stamps on gallantry award winners. The stamp had Abdul Hamid's bust on it along with an illustration of a jeep with recoilless rifle.[7]

Hamid's widow, Rasoolan Bibi had met President of India Pratibha Patil in Lucknow in 2008 with a number of requests including creation of a military recruitment center in his village, converting Hamid's home in Dullapur into a memorial, observing the day of his martyrdom as an occasion at the national level and help for her grandchildren to get government employment.[8]

A memorial to Abdul Hamid was constructed in his home village of Dhamupur but later fell into neglect. The memorial was renovated in 2011 by the Flags of Honour Foundation on Hamid's 46th death anniversary. The renovation included the installation of a new statue of him, repair and painting of gates and boundary and improvement of the garden. Indian Member of Parliament Rajeev Chandrasekhar, founder of Flags of Honour, spoke on the occasion.[9]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Gandhi, S. S., ed. (2006). Portraits of Valour – India's Gallantry Awards and their recipients (3= ed.). New Delhi: The Defence Review. p. 132. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Palsokar, R. D. (1980). The Grenadiers – A Tradition of Valour. Jabalpur: Grenadiers Regimental centre. pp. 337–338. 
  3. ^ Unattributed (n.d.). "List of Awardees – Param Vir Chakra". Indian Army web site. Retrieved 20 February 2012.  Hamid's portrait is on second row, third column on page 1.
  4. ^ a b c d Praval, K. C. (June 1987). Indian army after independence (1 ed.). Lancer International. pp. 380–381. ISBN 978-81-7062-014-3. Retrieved 20 February 2012.  Ltd preview 2009 illustrated reprint.
  5. ^ Zaloga, Steve; Jim Laurier (1 July 1999). The M47 and M48 Patton tanks. Osprey Publishing. p. 35. ISBN 978-1-85532-825-9. Retrieved 21 February 2012. 
  6. ^ Cardozo, Ian (2003). Param Vir: our heroes in battle. New Delhi: Lotus Collection. ISBN 978-81-7436-262-9. 
  7. ^ Unattributed (n.d.). "January 2000". Maharshtra Post. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Pradhan, Sharat (24 September 2008). "War hero's widow beseeches President for a stamp". Rediff News. Retrieved 20 February 2012. 
  9. ^ Express News Service (15 September 2011). "Param Vir Chakra Abdul Hameed Memorial restored". Express buzz. The New Indian Express group. Retrieved 20 February 2012.