Abdul Hamid Karami

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Abdul Hamid Karami (23 October 1893 – 1950) (Arabic: عبد الحميد كرامي‎) was a Lebanese political and religious leader, who had nationalistic Arab inclinations.[1]

Background and career[edit]

Karami descended from one of the most prominent Sunni Muslim families in Lebanon.[2] Members of his family traditionally held the position of mufti of Tripoli, Lebanon. Abdul Hamid Karami became mufti of Tripoli,[3] but was removed by the French authorities. He was a leader of the movement to have Lebanon become an independent country, a goal which was achieved by 1943.[4] In 1944, Karami survived an assassination attempt, which was due to local rivalry in Tripoli.[3] Karami served as prime minister and finance minister of Lebanon for a brief period from 10 January 1945 to 20 August 1945. His sons, Rashid Karami Maan Karami and Omar Karami were also important Lebanese politicians who served as prime ministers and leadind politicians of Lebanon.[5]

Controversy[edit]

In June 1935, Karami killed Abdul Majid Muqaddam, another prominent Tripoli native, since Muqaddam had beaten him with a stick and knocked off his turban.[3] However, Karami was acquitted due to his claim of self-defense.[3] Karami's lawyer was future president Bishara Khoury.[1][3]

Death[edit]

Karami died in 1950.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eyal Ziser (12 May 2000). Lebanon: The Challenge of Independence. I.B.Tauris. p. 237. ISBN 978-1-86064-537-2. Retrieved 6 April 2013. 
  2. ^ William Harris (19 July 2012). Lebanon: A History, 600-2011. Oxford University Press. p. 347. ISBN 978-0-19-518111-1. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e Barak, Oren (2002). "Conflict and Peace in Lebanon". Int. J. Middle East Studies: 619–644. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b Rola el Husseini (15 October 2012). Pax Syriana: Elite Politics in Postwar Lebanon. Syracuse University Press. p. 98. ISBN 978-0-8156-3304-4. Retrieved 15 March 2013. 
  5. ^ "Karami back to lead Lebanese Government". China Daily (Beirut). 12 March 2005. Retrieved 18 March 2013. 
Preceded by
Riad Al Solh
Prime Minister of Lebanon
1945
Succeeded by
Sami as-Solh